西南街道云东海旅游迳口华侨经济区割包皮手术
时间:2019年08月22日 14:51:32

Anheuser-Busch InBev, the world’s largest brewer, is exploring a takeover of rival SABMiller in a deal that would create a 5bn company responsible for one out of every three beers produced globally.全球最大啤酒酿造商百威英(Anheuser-Busch InBev)正考虑收购竞争对手SABMiller。这笔潜在交易将缔造一家2750亿美元的企业,届时全球每三瓶啤酒就有一瓶是该企业生产的。A tie-up between the owner of Budweiser and Stella Artois and the group behind Peroni and Grolsch, dubbed “mega-brew”, would rank as one of the six largest takeovers in history and the biggest in a year that was aly the strongest for blockbuster deals since 2007.该交易的一方拥有百威啤酒(Budweiser)和时代啤酒(Stella Artois)品牌,另一方拥有佩罗尼(Peroni)品牌和高仕啤酒(Grolsch)品牌。合并后的企业已有“巨型酿酒商”之称。该交易的规模将进入史上前六大交易之列。而且,在大宗并购交易已经是2007年来最强的今年,其规模将位居榜首。It would mark the latest stage of a remarkable consolidation in the global brewing industry driven by a group of Brazilian investors led by Jorge Paulo Lemann. They are also the founders of 3G Capital , the Brazilian private equity group which has been buying up US food companies such as Heinz, Kraft and Burger King sometimes with the support of investor Warren Buffett.该交易将标志着全球啤酒酿造业一轮非同寻常的整合进入新阶段,其推动者是以豪尔赫?保罗?莱曼(Jorge Paulo Lemann)为首的一组巴西投资者。这些投资者还创办了巴西私募股权集团3G资本(3G Capital),该集团一直在收购亨氏(Heinz)、卡夫(Kraft)和汉堡王(Burger King)等美国食品企业——其中部分收购是在投资者沃伦?巴菲特(Warren Buffett)的持下发起的。A series of deals over the past decade have transformed AB InBev and SABMiller into the world’s two biggest brewers. They, along with Heineken and Carlsberg , make half the world’s beer.过去十年,经过一系列并购交易,百威英和SABMiller已成为全球最大的两家啤酒酿造商。再加上喜力(Heineken)和嘉士伯(Carlsberg),这些企业生产的啤酒占了全球一半。Given the size of the two companies, AB InBev would have to agree to divestitures to obtain regulatory approval for a deal in multiple countries, including the US and China. SABMiller has a near-30 per cent share of the US beer market via MillerCoors, its joint venture with Molson Coors. It also has 23 per cent of China’s beer market through a joint venture with China Resources Enterprise.考虑到两家企业的规模,在包括美国和中国在内的多个国家,为获得监管机构对并购交易的批准,百威英将不得不同意出售一些资产。SABMiller通过与Molson Coors建立的合资企业米勒康胜(MillerCoors),占有美国啤酒市场30%的份额。此外,通过与华润创业(China Resources Enterprise)建立的合资公司,SABMiller还占有中国啤酒市场23%的份额。 /201509/399497

When you#39;re out shopping it can sometimes feel like you#39;re always stuck at the end of the longest line.外出购物,总免不了碰上排队这个老大难问题:长长的队伍似乎总排不完。Shoppers know this age-old dilemma all to well - do you stick to your guns with the queue you#39;re in? Or do you gamble on another queue and risk it all in the hope of gaining more ground?不少人或许深有体会:身在队中,内心无比挣扎,究竟是一鼓作气排到底?还是换条队伍试试运气呢?Now, a system called ZipLine is promising to help shoppers win that battle every time, by using infrared sensors to help them to pick the fastest queue.近来,一款名为ZipLine的软件横空出世,号称屡试不爽的排队神器。其内置的红外感应器可迅速识别最快的队伍。The technology, developed by Cambridge Consultants looks at the length of queues and how fast they are moving to work out which is the best one to join.这款软件由剑桥科技咨询公司打造,能够识别队伍长度与移动速度,从而为用户推荐最省时的队伍。Launched this week at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, the concept combines the sensors with a long-range, low-power radio network.本周,消费电子产品展在开幕,这款内置感应器与远程低功率无线电系统的概念产品惊艳亮相。Algorithms then convert the sensor data into useful information which can be displayed on a shopper#39;s phone.通过科学计算,感应器的数据可转化为实用信息,并传送到用户的手机上。The firm behind ZipLine claims there are no privacy issues around the data it captures, as it does not obtain any identifiable data from customers.剑桥科技称,此款应用并不会收集客户的身份信息,因此不必担心隐私问题。According to Cambridge Consultants, it is also different from existing queue monitoring systems as it can handle queues that are not all in the same place.另外,ZipLine与已有的排队应用不同,它甚至可以同时监控不同场所的排队实况。The long-range radio system works over a number of miles and the technology could combine queue information from multiple outlets.ZipLine内置的远程无线电系统覆盖极广,能够收集并统计多个地点的队伍信息。The system is still being developed, but the firm told MailOnline it is reportedly in talks with retailers about using the technology.目前,此应用尚处试验阶段,但剑桥科技向《每日邮报》网站透露,公司正与各大零售商积极磋商,推广使用。In practice, this could mean you could check what the queues are like at your favourite chain of coffee shops, and it would tell you the fastest place to get your coffee – which could be slightly further away, but with a much reduced waiting time.举个例子,去买咖啡前,你可以打开ZipLine查阅咖啡店排队的实时信息,软件还会告诉你想尽快买到咖啡该去哪家分店——有时候,你或许得多走几步路,但却免了不少排队时间。Tim Ensor, head of connected devices at Cambridge Consultants, said: #39;In the increasingly competitive retail sector, technology can be a crucial differentiator.剑桥科技设备连接部主管蒂姆·恩索尔表示:“零售商之间的竞争日益激烈,为了吸引客户,科技或成秘密武器。”#39;Our ZipLine concept aims to show how taking a service design approach to a problem can give a retailer vital competitive edge by transforming the customer experience.“Zipline针对现有问题,帮助商家改善务,提升客户体验,增强品牌竞争力。这也是我们设计ZipLine的初衷。”#39;In this example, we#39;re analysing some complex sensor data – and turning it into intelligent information that can be shared with customers in a simple but meaningful way.“在打造ZipLine的过程中,我们需要分析各种复杂的感应器数据,并将其转化为有用的信息,让客户能一目了然,心知肚明。”#39;Yet it has the potential to remove a major source of frustration for shoppers.#39;“如此一来,用户就不必为排队而发愁了。”Speaking to MailOnline, Mr Ensor said: #39;We expect the ZipLine interface will be integrated into the department store#39;s own app.恩索尔还告诉《每日邮报》网站:“我们希望商家能把ZipLine界面纳入它们自己的购物应用中。”#39;That usually means it is free to download.“也就是说,你可以免费下载,免费使用。”#39;We#39;re also looking at the option of using Bluetooth beacon technology which could offer the queue length information to consumers on their phone without needing to use an app at all.“我们也在尝试使用蓝牙发射技术。如此一来,用户无需打开手机应用,也能收到队伍的实时信息。”#39;Most of the premium department stores and shopping malls are aly installing equipment in their stores to boost mobile phone signal because this is generally becoming expected by consumers.“应广大顾客需要,多数高档百货公司与购物商场已纷纷开始安装手机信号增强器。”#39;This will also mean that the app will have access to the internet when it needs it to help consumers get the best check-out experience.#39;“也就是说,顾客能够联网使用ZipLine,决定自己想排的队伍。” /201601/422969

Imagine being talked about behind your back. Now picture that conversation taking place covertly in your own sitting room, with you unable to hear it.想象一下有人在你背后谈论你。现在设想一下,这样的谈话就悄悄发生在你家客厅里,而你却无法听到。That is the modus operandi of SilverPush, an Indian start-up that embeds inaudible sounds in television advertisements. As the advert plays, a high-frequency signal is emitted that can be picked up by a mobile or other device installed with an app containing SilverPush software. This “pairing” — currently targeted at Indian consumers — also identifies users’ other nearby devices and allows the company to monitor what they do across those. All without consumers hearing a thing.这就是印度创业企业SilverPush的做法,该公司在电视广告里嵌入听不到的声音。广告播放时,会发出一种高频信号,安装有内置SilverPush软件的应用的手机或其他设备可接收到这种信号。这种“配对”——目前是针对印度消费者的——也会识别出用户附近的其他设备,让该公司得以监控他们在这些设备上做些什么。这一切都在消费者无知无觉的情况下发生。This “cross-device tracking technology”, being explored by other companies including Adobe, is an emblem of a new era with which all of us — governments, companies, charities and consumers — will have to contend.这种“跨设备跟踪技术”——包括Adobe在内的其他公司也在探索此技术——标志着一个新时代的来临。这个新时代是所有人——政府、公司、慈善机构和消费者——将不得不应对的。Last month, the Royal Statistical Society hosted a conference at Windsor castle to ponder the challenges of Big Data — an overused, underexplained term for both the flood of information churned out by our devices and the potential for this flood to be organised into revelatory and predictive rivers of knowledge.不久前,英国皇家统计学会(Royal Statistical Society)在温莎(Windsor)城堡召开了一次大会,思考大数据带来的挑战。大数据是一个被滥用、内涵解释欠清楚的术语,既指我们的设备产生的海量信息流,也指把这些信息整理为分门别类的一股股具有揭示性和预见性的信息流的潜力。The setting was apt: the ethics and governance surrounding the growing use of data are a right royal mess. Public discussion about how these vast quantities of information should be collected, stored, cross-referenced and exploited is urgently needed. There is excitement about how it might revolutionise healthcare — during outbreaks of disease, for example, search data can be mined for the greater good. Today, however, public engagement largely amounts to public outcry when things go wrong.这次大会召开得正是时候:围绕日益增加的数据使用的伦理和治理可谓一团糟。目前迫切需要就这些海量数据应当如何收集、存储、相互参照和利用展开公众讨论。有人对大数据可能催生医疗革命感到兴奋:比如说,在疾病爆发时,可以为了更高的利益挖掘搜索数据。然而,如今,当出现糟糕情况时,公众讨论很大程度上变成公众的强烈声讨。The extent to which tech shapes our lives — the average British adult spends more than 20 hours a week online, according to a report by UK media regulator Ofcom — means our behaviour, habits, desires and aspirations can be revealed by our swipes and keystrokes.英国媒体监管机构英国通信办公室(Ofcom)的一份报告显示,英国成年人平均每周在线时间超过20小时。科技对我们生活的巨大影响,意味着我们的行为、习惯、欲望和抱负都可以通过触摸屏和键盘操作显露出来。This has made analysis of online be a new Klondike. Personal data are like gold dust, and we surrender them every time we casually click “OK” to a website’s terms and conditions.这使得对在线行为的分析成为一座新的金矿。个人数据就像金砂,每次我们随意对一家网站的条款与条件点击“确定”时,就把我们的个人数据交了出去。And here is our first problem: most of us click unthinkingly (it is usually impenetrable legalese, anyhow). It is thus questionable whether we have given informed consent to all the ways in which our personal data are subsequently used. To demonstrate this, a security company set up a public WiFi spot in the City of London and inserted a “Herod clause” committing users to hand over their firstborn for eternity. Within a short period of time, several people unwittingly bartered away their offspring in return for a free connection.这是我们面临的第一个问题:我们中大多数人都是不假思索地点击的(不过,条款与条件通常是难懂的法律措辞)。那么,我们对自己的个人数据随后被使用的各种情形是否行使了知情同意权,就成了疑问。为了明这一点,一家安全公司在伦敦金融城(City of London)设立了一个公共WiFi热点,并嵌入一个“希律条款”(Herod Clause),要求用户承诺永远放弃他们的第一个孩子。在很短时间内,就有不少人为了免费上会儿网稀里糊涂地放弃了自己的孩子。Legal challenges aside, there is rarely independent scrutiny of what is a fair and reasonable relationship between an online company and its consumers. Facebookfell foul of this when it manipulated the news feeds of nearly 700,000 users for a psychology experiment. Users claimed they had been duped by the study, which found that those exposed to fewer positive news stories were more likely to write negative posts. The company retorted that consent had aly been given. Approval last week of EU data protection rules permitting hefty fines for privacy breaches may prevent a repetition; consent will no longer be the elastic commodity it was.除了法律挑战,关于网络公司及其消费者之间公平与恰当的关系应该是怎样的,我们也很少进行过独立的审视。Facebook在这一点上便曾引起众怒,因为它为了做一个心理实验,对近70万用户的动态消息动了手脚。用户们声称,他们被那项研究给耍了,研究结果显示,那些接收到更少积极消息的人更可能写出消极的内容。Facebook反驳称,他们已获得了用户的同意。不久前,欧盟通过了数据保护规则,新规允许对侵犯隐私的行为处以高额罚款,这或许能阻止类似情况再次发生;用户不再像以往那样无论代价如何都只能被动同意了。A second challenge arises from the so-called internet of things, when devices bypass humans and talk directly to one another. So my depleted smart fridge could automatically email the supermarket requesting replenishment. But it could also mean my gossiping gadgets become a network of electronic spies that can paint a richly detailed picture of my prandial and other proclivities, raising privacy concerns. Indeed, at a robotics conference last month, technologists identified the ability of robots to collect data, especially in private homes, as the single biggest ethical issue in that field.第二个挑战源自各种设备绕过人类、直接彼此对话的所谓物联网。所以,我的智能冰箱在储存消耗光了的时候可以自动给超市发电邮,要求补货。但这也可以意味着,我的那些“八卦”的设备构成了一张电子间谍网,它可以绘制出一幅有关我的饮食与其他癖性的极其详尽的图画,令人担心隐私暴露。实际上,在不久前的一个机器人学大会上,技术专家们把机器人收集数据(尤其是在私人住所里)的能力认定为大数据领域最大的单个伦理问题。Alongside the new EU rules on data protection, we need something softer: a body of experts and laypeople that can bring knowledge, wisdom and judgment to this fast-moving field. There is aly a Council for Big Data, Ethics and Society in the US, comprising lawyers, philosophers and anthropologists.除了欧盟新的数据保护规则外,我们也需要更软性的方式:一个由专家和非专业人员构成的机构,为这一快速发展的领域带来知识、智慧和判断力。眼下,美国已有了一个由律师、哲学家和人类学家组成的大数据、伦理与社会委员会(Council for Big Data, Ethics and Society)。Europe should follow this example — because, as a stream of anecdotes at the Windsor conference revealed, companies and academics to be navigating this new data-rich world without a moral compass. In 2012 a Russian company created Girls Around Me, an app that pooled publicly available information to show the real-time locations and pictures of nearby women, without their consent; the app, a stalker’s dream, was withdrawn. High-tech rubbish bins in London’s Square Mile, which captured information from smartphones to track unwitting owners’ movements in order to target them with advertising, were ditched on grounds of creepiness.欧洲应当仿效美国的做法,因为正如温莎大会上的一连串趣闻所显示的那样,公司和学术界人士在这个数据丰富的新世界航行时,似乎没有带上伦理指南针。2012年,一家俄罗斯公司推出了一款名为“Girls Around Me”的应用(App),可以汇集公开可见的信息,在不经使用者附近女性同意的情况下显示她们的实时位置和照片。这款跟踪骚扰者梦寐以求的应用被撤下了。“平方英里”(Square Mile,即伦敦金融城,因面积正好1平方英里得名——译者注)的高科技电子垃圾箱捕捉来自智能手机的信息,以跟踪不知情的机主的行踪,从而针对他们发布广告,这些垃圾桶因令人毛骨悚然而被取缔。Meanwhile, a scientist has created software that combs Twitter connections to infer a tweeter’s ethnicity and even religion, raising the question of whether public posts can legitimately be used to deduce private information. Do we, as one lawyer suggested,need laws against misuse of our online personae?同时,一名科学家做了一款软件,能够通过彻底搜查推特(Twitter)人脉图,推断一名推特用户的种族、甚至宗教,这引发了使用公开发言推断私人信息是否合法的疑问。我们是否如一名律师所认为的那样,需要出台防止个人在线角色被滥用的法律?We have wearable devices that, like Santa, see you when you are sleeping and know when you’re awake. It is possible that a company will find a way of deducing — through sentiment analysis of social media postings, visits to charity websites, checks on your bank balance and fitness tracking — if you’ve been bad or good.我们有了可穿戴设备,这些设备像圣诞老人一样,在你睡着时注视着你,也知道你何时是醒着的。一家公司有可能找到推断你近来生活是否积极向上的办法——通过分析社交媒体发言表现出的情绪、访问慈善网站以及核查你的存款余额和健康追踪。This goes to show: just because big data makes it technically possible to do something, does not mean we should.这明:并非仅仅因为大数据使某事在技术上具备可行性,就意味着我们应该那么做。 /201601/421342

One of Google#39;s self-driving cars crashed into a bus in California last month. There were no injuries.谷歌公司的一辆自动驾驶汽车上个月在加州与一辆公交车相撞,所幸无人员受伤。It is not the first time one of Google#39;s famed self-driving cars has been involved in a crash, but it may be the first time it has caused one. Google is to meet with California#39;s Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to discuss the incident, and determine where the blame lies.这不是谷歌的自动驾驶汽车第一次牵扯到交通事故之中了,不过引发交通事故尚属首次。谷歌公司将会晤加州机动车商讨事故相关信息以及责任归属。On 14 February the car, travelling at 2mph (3km/h), pulled out in front of a public bus going 15mph (24km/h). The human in the Google vehicle reported that he assumed the bus would slow down to let the car out, and so he did not override the car#39;s self-driving computer. The crash happened in Mountain View, near Google#39;s headquarters.2月14日,当时谷歌的这辆汽车正以2迈的速度(3公里/小时)行驶,与一辆以15迈速度(24公里/小时)行驶的公交车发生碰撞。而谷歌汽车中的工作人员报告称,自己当时认为公交车会放慢速度让汽车通过,因此并未替代自驾计算机进行操作。据悉,这起事故就发生在谷歌公司总部附近的山景城。In a statement, Google said: ;We clearly bear some responsibility, because if our car hadn#39;t moved, there wouldn#39;t have been a collision. That said, our test driver believed the bus was going to slow or stop to allow us to merge into the traffic, and that there would be sufficient space to do that.;谷歌公司在一份声明中表示:“很明显在此次事故中我们负有一定责任,因为如果我们的汽车不变道,事故便不会发生。公司的测试驾驶员相信公交车会减速或停下允许汽车并入车道,当时道路上的空间非常充足。”The company#39;s self-driving cars have clocked up well over a million miles across various states in the US, and until now have only reported minor ;fender benders; - the American slang for a small collision. In all of those cases, other road users were to blame.谷歌公司的自动驾驶汽车在美国各州的行驶记录已经达到100万英里,截至目前为止仅仅出现过几次“小的刮蹭”。在这些事故中谷歌汽车都不属于责任方。Google said it had now refined its self-driving algorithm. ;From now on, our cars will more deeply understand that buses (and other large vehicles) are less likely to yield to us than other types of vehicles, and we hope to handle situations like this more gracefully in the future.;此外,谷歌公司表示已对自动驾驶技术的算法进行了改进。“从现在开始,公司的汽车将更深刻地认识到公交车(和其他大型汽车)并不太可能会像其他汽车那样允许我们并道。我们希望日后能够更为得体地处理这样的情况。”If the DMV considers the Google car to be at fault for the collision, it could be seen as a setback for the company#39;s ambitious autonomous vehicle plans.如果加州机动车认定谷歌汽车为此次事故的责任方,那么其雄心勃勃的自动驾驶计划无疑将遭受重大的挫折。 /201603/429774


文章编辑: 百家爱问
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