2019年07月16日 08:45:36|来源:国际在线|编辑:快乐媒体
According to the celiac sprue association根据乳糜泻研究协会的说法there are three major steps that are taken in order to诊断一个人是否患有乳糜泻diagnose a person with celiac disease.需要三个主要的步骤The first step includes a thorough physical examination第一步是进行一个全面的身体检查to look for any signs of celiac disease看被检查人是否有乳糜泻预兆such as fatigue or weight loss.比如疲惫和体重下降A blood panel is also conducted, sometimes referred to还要进行全血细胞计数as a celiac blood panel to look at有时被称为腹腔全血细胞计数other indicators of celiac disease such as antibodies.来检查其中是否有乳糜泻的预兆,如出现抗体Second, a multi-sample biopsy of the duodenal portion第二步,对十二指肠进行多样本组织检查of the intestine is done in order to look at查看是否有由麦胶蛋白引起的possible damage from the gluten.可能的损害The third step includes implementing第三步是the gluten-free diet.执行无麦胶蛋白饮食When the person#39;s health begins to improve当健康状况开始改善的时候symptoms start to diminish and the intestinal villi乳糜泻的症状就会逐渐消失start to repair themselves celiac disease is diagnosed.小肠绒毛也会进行自我修复Please be aware that it is important to keep gluten请注意为了保诊断的准确性in the diet for an accurate diagnosis.要在食品中保留麦胶蛋白Removal of gluten too early before seeing a physician如果去医院检查之前就提前不吃含有can remove signs and symptoms of celiac disease麦胶蛋白的食物,可能会导致乳糜泻的一些症状needed for a successful diagnosis.消失,从而无法做出正确的诊断As you can see in this diagram这张图显示的是there are three different areas of the intestine.三个不同区域The duodenum is the portion of the intestine十二指肠紧连胃部that immediately follows the stomach and也正是where biopsy samples需要从这里提取样本are taken to diagnose celiac disease.进行乳糜泻诊断Now that you understand现在你已经明白了how celiac disease is diagnosed and that乳糜泻如何诊断someone with celiac disease needs to follow乳糜泻患者应该a strict gluten-free diet.严格执行无麦胶蛋白饮食Let#39;s discuss what gluten is现在我们来讨论一下何为麦胶蛋白and where you may find it in the food supply.在何种食物中可以找到麦胶蛋白Gluten is a protein麦胶蛋白是一种蛋白质that gives b dough elasticity在二氧化碳作用下which allows it to rise without collapsing可以使面团膨胀while trapping the CO2.并具有弹性Gluten is what gives b and b-like products麦胶蛋白可以使面包和面包类产品a desirable volume and texture.按人们的要求呈现出不同的大小和质地It is found in wheat, rye and barley as well as麦胶蛋白存在于小麦,黑麦和大麦以及all wheat derivatives including bulgar, couscous麦类衍生品中,如碾碎的干小麦,蒸粗麦粉,面筋mataza, seitan, semolina, triticale, spelt, kamut粗粒小麦粉,黑小麦,斯佩尔特小麦and einkorn and emmer and anything with wheat呼罗珊小麦,单粒小麦,二粒小麦等in the title except for buckwheat.以及除荞麦之外的以麦来命名的物质Someone who is following a strict gluten-free diet执行无麦胶蛋白饮食的人must stay away from these grains应该远离这些谷物as they contain gluten.因为它们含有麦胶蛋白This is a flow chart showing这张流程图显示的是where the grains that contain gluten含有麦胶蛋白的谷物fall within the plant kingdom.在植物王国中如何分布Notice they are all grouped注意,虽然被划分为同一种类in the same species so wheat, rye and小麦,黑麦和大麦中含有麦胶蛋白barley contain gluten while rice, corn, teff而水稻,玉米,埃塞俄比亚画眉草buckwheat, quinoa and amaranth are gluten-free.荞麦,藜麦以及苋菜中没有麦胶蛋白Currently the FDA has目前美国食品及药物no definition for gluten free.对无麦胶蛋白还没有明确的定义The proposed definition of gluten is有人建议应该把麦胶蛋白定义为proteins that naturally occur in a prohibited grain在一些谷物中自然存在的蛋白质and that may cause adverse health effects若进入乳糜泻患者体内则会对健康造成in persons with celiac disease不利影响where a prohibited grain would be defined as wheat其中,一些谷物,被定义为小麦,黑麦和大麦rye, barley or cross-bred hybrids of wheat以及这三者的rye or barley.杂交作物For example triticale is a cross between比如,黑小麦就是wheat and rye.黑麦和小麦的杂交产物This labeling is voluntary for those companies这种分类方法由生产whose products meet the definition of gluten-free.无麦胶蛋白食品的公司自由采纳Gluten-free labeling was proposed in 20072007年就有人提出了无麦胶蛋白分类and as of 2009 still remains in draft form.的建议,但到2009年依然还处于筹备状态Because of this lack of labeling it is important因为缺少这种分类for those who have celiac disease所以对于乳糜泻患者来说to carefully labels in order to determine仔细阅读标签确定食品是否whether the food contains gluten or not.含有麦胶蛋白是非常重要的 Article/201505/377199

栏目简介:《趣味青春英语视频》是外语网络电台的精品节目,通过大讲堂的网络课堂形式,能够帮助英语学习者积累一些英语背景知识,并通过互动的教学形式,帮助有效记忆英语知识。本栏目是学习趣味青春英语的好材料。 Article/201510/399279

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