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吉安保仕柏丽医院去痣怎么样排名分类吉安比较便宜丰胸手术

来源:爱问分类    发布时间:2019年10月22日 14:22:57    编辑:admin         

花色:suit  红桃:hearts 黑桃:spades 方块:diamonds 草花:clubs  将牌的花色(就是主牌):trump suit  例:What's the trump suit now? 现在什么是主?  主牌:trump  I only had three trumps last round. 上一盘我才有三张主。  调主:draw trumps  对子:pair    三个头,四个头:three of a kind, four of a kind  天绝:void (例:void in spades,天绝黑桃)  庄家埋完牌,手上如果没花色了也用这个词,动词方式:She must have voided all her hearts. 她一定把红桃全埋掉了。  毙:trump  用更高的主牌去毙较低的主牌:overtrump  如果对家用很高的主牌毙了,可又没别的牌好跑,只好出个小主:undertrump  大:high ;小:low  例:high trump 就是比较大的主,low diamond 就是比较小的方块  跑副牌:discard  出一圈牌(名词):a trick  例句:One game of bridge has 13 tricks. 一盘桥牌要出13圈牌。  Who won the last trick? 刚刚那圈牌是谁赢的?  底牌:kitty  庄家:house  埋:bury (例:你埋分了吗?Did you bury any points?)  甩:throw  造反:revolt /200911/89398。

1950s glamour: Eva Longoria Parker (Gabriella) reclines backstage in a dazzling evening gown   50年代的魅力:Eva Longoria Parker (Gabriella)穿着闪闪发光的晚礼斜倚在后台。 /200909/83613。

Doctors are guilty of wrongly believing that obese people are simply lazy, research suggests.Researchers at Yale University said the findings highlight the difficulty in tackling the stigma around obesity.Many obese people complain that others believe they are overweight simply because they eat too much or fail to exercise.This is despite the fact that obesity can be caused by a variety of other factors, such as genes and environment.Dr Marlene Schwartz and colleagues carried out psychological tests on 389 professionals who treat and study obese people.They found that younger professionals, in particular, were most likely to have unfavourable stereotypes of obese people.Workers who did not deal directly with obese patients were also inclined to see them in an unfavourable light."On both implicit and explicit measures, health professionals associated the stereotypes lazy, stupid and worthless with obese people," said Dr Schwartz."The stigma of obesity is so strong that even those most knowledgeable about the condition infer that obese people have blameworthy behavioural characteristics that contribute to their problem, i.e. being lazy," she said."Furthermore, these biases extend to core characteristics of intelligence and personal worth."Dr Ian Campbell of the UK's National Obesity Forum said he was not surprised by the findings and said they would probably be replicated if the test was carried out on British doctors."It is disappointing but it is not surprising to see that health professionals have the same ingrained prejudice against obese people as the general public," he said."It is becoming increasingly clear that as much as 80% of people who are obese are predisposed genetically.""Although it is very rare to find a case where obesity is purely genetic, there are many cases where it is not in the patient's control."He said it was unhelpful for doctors to be biased against obese patients."It is important for doctors and other health professionals to show understanding and enthusiasm for change.""If a doctor is biased against the patient's efforts, then it is unlikely to have a good outcome." /200812/57797。

According to the Livescience.com of September 17, wedding bells ring sooner for women in places where single ladies are scarce, showed a new study of metropolitan areas in the US.Where single women are rare, women marry earlier, researchers reported August 4 in the journal Evolutionary Psychology. The shift may be because the ladies have more men to choose from, while the men have extra motivation to put a ring on it."Women are basically getting snapped up, because the guys want to get her before somebody else does," study author Daniel Kruger, an evolutionary psychologist at the University of Michigan, told LiveScience.Kruger first became interested in studying the effects of gender imbalance on the marriage market when he caught a glimpse of a magazine cover on a trip to New York City."It had this cover picture on it that said, 'Attack of the Single Woman,' and it had this giant woman with a big red dress like Godzilla tromping through the city," Kruger recalled. "It made me wonder just what would happen to these relationship dynamics if there really was a surplus of single women."After controlling for income and race, Kruger found that in areas where women were scarce, women married slightly earlier. Men's average age of marriage didn't change relative to the abundance of potential mates, but they did show more variability in the age when they married than women did. That's likely because guys who can snag a women will settle down quickly, Kruger said, but because women can be more choosey, other men may have to build up their finances and social status before they can catch a bride.The top five areas where women were scarce, with their gender ratio and median age of marriage for women, were: Las Vegas: ratio 116, 24.5 years (Median marriage age for women); San Diego: ratio 115, 25.9 years; Salt Lake City: ratio 113, 23.2 years ; Austin, Texas: ratio 112, 26.2 years; Phoenix: ratio 111, 25 years.The top five areas where men were scarce were: Birmingham, Alabama: ratio 88, 26.7 years (Median marriage age for women); Memphis, Tennessee: ratio 88, 27.2 years; New Orleans: ratio 89, 27.8 years; Richmond, Virginia: ratio 89, 26.3 years; A three-way tie for New York City, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., ratio 92, where median marriage ages were 28.3, 27.9 and 27.8, respectively. /201009/114308。

It was always women who wanted to settle down and start a family, while men dragged their heels... or so we thought.These days, it seems the ladies are being beaten to it by their menfolk.  一般来说女人们才想生个孩子,稳定下来,而男人们总是尽力拖延。至少我们是这么认为的。但如今男人们似乎比女人们更心急。  According to research, men are getting broodytoo. And what is more, single men are more likely to dream of having children than women.  调查显示,越来越多的男人急于要小孩。而且单身男人会比女人更想要小孩。  The experts believe it’s all down togreater equality. Lead researcher Helen Fisher, of Rutgers University, in New Jersey, said: 'Men today are more like [the female archetype] than we have seen in generations. They are becoming the broody ones, they are more likely to want to settle down sooner.  专家们认为这都是因为男女更加平等的缘故。新泽西罗格斯大学的首席研究员海伦 费雪说:“今天的男人们是几代人中最具女性特征的。他们想要孩子,也更想早点稳定下来。”  ‘Complicating matters is the change in women’s attitudes towards life and relationships, mostly driven by the huge numbers flooding into the workforce,’ Miss Fisher told The Sunday Times.  费雪女士接着告诉《星期日泰晤士报》说:“女性对人生和感情关系的态度发生了转变,这让事情变得复杂起来。这种转变主要是由大量女性走入职场引起的。”  ‘Women gain self-confidence, self-worth, money and experience through work and want things that men have for years taken for granted.’  “女性从工作中获得了自信、金钱和经验,实现了自我价值,她们想得到那些男人们一直以来习以为常的东西。” /201102/125680。

A donation that the Twins Days festival is getting from the estate of two frugal bachelor farmers is enough to make some people do a double-take (1): as much as million.John and William Reiff, once recognized by Guinness World Records as the world's most identical twins, left most of their estate to the festival in Twinsburg (2), about 15 miles southeast of Cleveland. John Reiff died in 2005 and William five years earlier, but only recently have plans to develop part of the twins' suburban Philadelphia farm been worked out.With the land deal expected to be completed this year, about million to million will go to the festival, according to a lawyer for the Twins Days Festival Committee. The festival committee intends to invest the money to help pay for operating costs (3).The Reiffs, who attended their first Twins Days festival in the late 1970s, always dressed alike, talked alike and enjoyed dating other twins. The wiry, bespectacled pair won many "most identical" competitions over the years.The annual Twins Days festival, a three-day event that begins Aug. 3 this year, attracts about 3,000 sets of twins, triplets (4) and quadruplets (5) and features contests such as those for the most alike and least alike twins. Over the years, it also has attracted scientists interested in genetic research.Between trips to Twinsburg and to other twin events, the Reiffs lived frugally (6) on a 154-acre farm that had been in the family for three generations. It was no model of agriculture. A wood stove heated the house, and a 20-cow herd barely supported the dairy.Before his death in 2005, John Reiff cut a deal with a development group that planned to use the farm, a rare piece of undeveloped land near Philadelphia, for residential housing.Neighbors sued, but local officials, the developer and residents have finally agreed on a plan to build six houses and a park on the site, and 40 houses elsewhere.The Reiff brothers, who never married, gave most of their fortune to the Twins Days festival but also left 0,000 to four churches. None of their four living sisters was named in their will. 两位简朴的单身农夫向双胞胎日捐赠了价值5百万美元的资产,足以让人们为之惊讶。约翰雷夫和威廉雷夫曾经被吉尼斯世界纪录认为是世界上长得最像的双胞胎。他们把自己大多数的资产都赠给了特温斯堡市的双胞胎节日,即在克里夫兰东南部的15英里地。约翰于2005年去世,而威廉比约翰早去世5年。然而,直到最近,对这对双胞胎兄弟在费城城郊的农场的开发计划才得以实现。据一位双胞胎节日委员会的律师称,随着这项土地交易在今年的完成,双胞胎节日将获得4到5百万美元。节日委员会打算将这笔钱用于付其运营成本。雷夫兄弟俩第一次参加双胞胎节日是在70年代末。他们总是穿同样的衣,用同样的方式讲话,喜欢和另外的双胞胎约会。多年来,这对瘦但结实的双胞胎兄弟参加了很多“最相像”比赛并获奖。双胞胎节日每年都会举办一次,一共持续三天。今年是在8月3日举行的,吸引了有3000对双胞胎、三胞胎和四胞胎的参与,举办了长得最像和最不像之类的比赛。很多年来,这项活动同样也吸引了那些对基因研究感兴趣的科学家们。在往返于参加特温斯堡市和其他双胞胎活动之外,雷夫兄弟在一块154英亩的农场上过着俭朴的生活。这个家族有三代人在这块农场上生活过。这里不是模范的农场。整个屋子靠一个木制火炉取暖,20头牛勉强维持产奶。一个开发商原本打算在这块费城附近的稀有的未开发土地上修建住房,但约翰雷夫在2005年去世以前和该公司缔结了土地交易。邻居们起诉了他,但到最后,当地政府、开发商和居民还是达成一致,计划就在那修建6座房子和一个公园,然后在别的地再修40 座房子。雷夫兄弟一生未婚,并把他们大多数财产都捐给了双胞胎节日,把另外的25万美元赠与了4座教堂。在遗嘱里,他们根本没有提及四个还健在的。 /200807/43317。

关于公司老大的称呼自从信息产业兴起以来,尤其是网络股泡沫产生以来,“CEO”在中国骤然成为一个流行词汇。总经理和总裁们纷纷改称CEO,这个缩写词比它的中译版“首席执行官”更简洁,在中国人心目中更有神圣感,于是便出现了今天CEO满天飞的局面。刚刚从大学毕业的年轻人骄傲的在名片上印着自己是某家新公司的CEO,海尔这样年营业额上百亿的大企业总裁也要求别人称他CEO,但大部分人并不知道这个英文缩写词的实质内涵。 董事长,总裁,CEO,这三个公司领导者的称谓不仅仅是文字游戏,它包涵了企业管理制度的基础,与其说是权力的基础,还不如说是义务的基础。如果权力变成了一种享受,甚至连权力拥有者的称谓都变成了一种享受,那真是糟糕透顶。 董事长的英文是Chairman(准确的说是Chairman of the Board),总裁是President,首席执行官是Chief Executive Officer,这是众人皆知的。但****并没有意识到这三个称谓的微妙差异,经常把President译成董事长或首席执行官,CEO有时候又被译成总裁,情况十分混乱。 Chairman这个职务可能是现代公司管理层最早确定的职务之一,因为它是股东利益的最高代表,理论上讲是公司管理层所有权力的来源。President和CEO都由Chairman任命,董事会只能由Chairman召集,非例行的股东大会一般也只能由Chairman召集(或者由股东联名呼吁召集,这要看公司章程)。既然President和CEO都是由Chairman任命的,理论上讲Chairman也可以随时解除他们的职务;不仅如此,Chairman可以随时解除任何人的职务,除了董事(Member of the Board)和监事(Member of the Board of Supervisors),因为董事和监事不是公司雇员,而是公司的主人和仲裁人。因此我们常常看到一位弄砸了许多事情的CEO被罢免,却依然保留董事职务;即使他没有多少股份,仁慈的股东往往也会允许他在董事会继续呆下去。 董事会不是一个行政机构,而是一个立法性质的******,这就决定了董事长和董事们之间没有真正的上下级关系。一位强大的Chairman可能拥有真正的生杀大权,这种大权有时候来自他掌握的多数股份,有时候来自他的人脉资源,有时候来自他早年积累的威信,这时董事会不过是Chairman的傀儡而已,President和CEO也必须真正对他负责(不仅仅是名义上的负责)——比如微软公司的比尔?盖茨,长江实业-和记黄埔的李嘉诚,他们目前在公司都只保留了Chairman的职务,但对于行政事物他们一样拥有最高的发言权。但大部分公司的Chairman只是一种荣誉性职务,就像英国女王一样,拥有无比尊荣的地位,却从来不说有分量的话。尤其是资产特别巨大、股权特别分散的公司,如通用汽车公司、美孚石油公司等等,各大股东及行政人员的关系非常复杂,Chairman只是一个德高望重、用来维持局面的“活人神”而已,除了召开董事会没有任何权力(就连召开董事会都是应President或CEO的要求)。 喔,我也许说错了——准确的说还是有一点权力的,那就是President或CEO太嚣张,以至于大部分股东一致决定发动政变把他搞掉的时候,Chairman经常是政变的主脑人。石油大王洛克菲勒的儿子——小约翰?D?洛克菲勒就发动过一次非常著名的宫廷政变,那是在20****初期,他是一家铁矿公司的董事长,总裁是洛克菲勒家族之外的人,他与小洛克菲勒产生了严重的****,最后小洛克菲勒不得不召开一次特别股东大会来审议罢免总裁议案。当时小洛克菲勒掌握的股份只有四分之一,远没有到达左右大局的程度,但他出色地收罗了工人、行政管理者和小股东的心,最终以压倒优势罢免了桀骜不驯的总裁。不久前迪斯尼公司的CEO也是这样下台的,对于一位资深经理人来说,被自己的董事长发动股东赶下台无疑是最悲惨的事情。 President这个词诞生要比CEO早,范围也比CEO狭窄。被称做President的人,无论是总统、总裁还是大学校长、******主席,都是有一定权力和社会地位的人,但CEO却可以随便用在哪个行政负责人身上。看过《兄弟连》的人都记得,E连的战士甚至把连长称为“CEO”,连长的上级也称呼他为“E连的CEO”。对于一个清洁工小组来说,组长就是CEO;对于一个极地探险队来说,队长就是CEO,这个词没有任何特权荣耀的成分,只代表着某个范围内的最高执行权和与之相伴的义务。想想中国国内的总裁、总经理们争先恐后抛弃President的称谓,视CEO为身份和地位的象征,实在让人感到好笑——难道他们不知道美英的一个下级军官、一个职工领班都可以叫做CEO吗? 一般来说,在公司内部,President是掌握实权的人;在CEO这个称谓没有诞生之前,President几乎是唯一掌握实权的人。一个公司的创始人经常同时给自己加上Chairman和President两种头衔,但现代企业的所有者和管理者不是同一群人,再优秀的President往往也只占有很少的股份,一个小股东是不应该成为Chairman的,就好象一个没有王室血统的人即使再优秀也当不了国王。有时候大股东的力量太强大(比如根、杜邦这些大财团是许多公司的大股东),以至于President都成为了股东利益的代表,公司的行政实权就落到了其他行政人员手里——比如执行******主席,副总裁,财务******主席等等,当然也包括CEO. President沦为大股东代表的例子,最典型的是1920年代早期的通用汽车公司,当时通用汽车创始人杜兰特因为疯狂买空股票而被一脚踢出公司,作为第一大股东的杜邦财团立即派遣了一位杜邦家族成员担任通用汽车的President(注意不是Chairman,在通用汽车的历史上Chairman一直是无足轻重的角色),直到赫赫有名的阿尔弗雷德?斯隆接任总裁为止。 事实上,西方的President在大部分时候与中国的总经理是一回事情。总经理可以翻译成“President”,也可以翻译成"General Manager",但后者在西方企业中不是一个常见的职位。但中国企业经常同时设立总裁和总经理,如果把总裁翻译成President,总经理就应该翻译成CEO.President和CEO在西方企业里经常合二为一(尤其是在中小企业当中),即我们所说的“总裁兼首席执行官”,你称呼他President或CEO都无所谓;你也可以在礼仪场合称呼他为President(强调身份和地位),在工作场合称呼他为CEO(强调执行权和责任)。 在少数情况下,董事长、总裁和CEO都是同一个人,我们称为“董事长兼首席执行官”或“董事长兼总裁”(称呼“董事长兼总裁兼首席执行官”实在是太恐怖了,没有必要),这种兼职大部分由公司创始人拥有(如比尔?盖茨),有时候也是因为公司的传统习惯(如韦尔奇,按照通用电气的传统,他同时担任董事长和首席执行官,而且不存在独立的总裁职务)。 看到这里,大部分读者恐怕会有点头昏脑涨,连我自己都昏了头——既然President和CEO的职权没有本质的区别,而且经常是同一个人,那么为什么要把这两种职务分开呢?比较复杂:第一,因为某些大公司的行政事务过于繁重,一个人的精力无论如何不能处理,必须有两个地位平等的最高执行官;有的时候,一家公司同时拥有两个优秀的领导者,有必要为他们安排平等的地位,所以President和CEO就变成了两个人。 第二,二战结束之后,欧美大公司的执行权又发生了变化,演化为“重大执行权”和“日常执行权”两块,重大事件如大政方针、重大人事任命和比较大规模的投资等属于“重大执行权”范畴,由CEO掌握;一般政策、一般人事任命和一般规模的投资等属于“日常执行权”范畴,由President掌握。如果说CEO是总理,那么President就是掌握日常工作的第一副总理,如果这两个职位不属于同一人,那么CEO的地位稍微高一点。 我没有调查CEO和President最早是什么时候分开的,但最早的著名例子发生在1960年代的福特汽车公司。当时福特三世邀请号称“蓝血十杰”之首的麦克马纳曼担任福特汽车的President,麦克马纳曼也成为了福特汽车历史上第一位没有福特家族血统的President.但是,福特三世并不想完全放弃行政权,因此他改称自己为CEO,与麦克马纳曼形成了双头统治,这是现代企业历史上CEO职务流行的开始。 从那以后,公司最高执行权掌握在两个人手里变的司空见惯,有时候CEO对总裁有很大的优势,有时候又是总裁乾纲独断。1999年左右,比尔?盖茨曾经任命一位新的微软公司总裁,但自己仍然保留董事长兼CEO的职务;许多****报道说是盖茨“辞去”总裁职务,但实际上盖茨只是把微软公司的总裁和CEO两个职务清晰的分离开来,并把日常执行权授予总裁,这谈不上什么辞职可言。 Chairman,President and CEO,这三个词的关系虽然错综复杂,但我们仍然可以把握它的精神实质。简单的说,Chairman是股东利益在公司的最高代表,它不属于公司雇员的范畴,President和CEO的权力都来源于他,只有他拥有召开董事会、罢免President和CEO等最高权力,但他从来不掌握行政权力。一位Chairman如果不兼任President或CEO,就仅仅是一个礼仪职务,一个德高望重的仲裁者,一般来说是某位大股东的代表。 President掌握着公司的日常行政权,既可以译成总裁,又可以译成总经理;President这个称谓包含的荣耀和地位比CEO要高,因此经常用于礼仪场合。许多时候,President和CEO是同一个人,随便你怎么称呼他;但在许多大公司里,President和CEO是两个人,这时“总裁”和“首席执行官”才有严格的差异,有时候两者地位平等,有时候CEO是总裁的上级(实际情况很复杂,必须一一分析)。 有时候President和Chairman一样,也沦落为一种无足轻重的礼仪职位,但至今从没有听说过CEO变成一种礼仪职位——除了在中国。在中国,无数的经理人疯狂地给自己加上CEO的冠冕,以为这就是跟世界接轨,就是拥有了最高的荣誉与地位;他们不知道,CEO这个词在西方没有任何荣誉与地位的暗示。 CEO(Chief Executive Officer),即首席执行官 什么是CEO(Chief Executive Officer) CEO(Chief Executive Officer),即首席执行官,是美国人在20****60年代进行公司治理结构改革创新时的产物。由于市场风云变幻,决策的速度和执行的力度比以往任何时候都更加重要。传统的“董事会决策、经理层执行”的公司体制已经难以满足决策的需要。而且,决策层和执行层之间存在的信息传递时滞和沟通障碍、决策成本的增加,已经严重影响经理层对企业重大决策的快速反应和执行能力。而解决这一问题的首要一点,就是让经理人拥有更多自主决策的权力,让经理人更多为自己的决策奋斗、对自己的行为负责。CEO就是这种变革的产物。CEO在某种意义上代表着将原来董事会手中的一些决策权过渡到经营层手中。 CEO与总经理,形式上都是企业的“一把手”,CEO既是行政一把手,又是股东权益代言人————大多数情况下,CEO是作为董事会成员出现的,总经理则不一定是董事会成员。从这个意义上讲,CEO代表着企业,并对企业经营负责。 由于国外没有类似的上级主管和来自四面八方的牵制,CEO的权威比国内的总经理们更绝对,但他们绝不会像总经理那样过多介入公司的具体事务。CEO作出总体决策后,具体执行权力就会下放。所以有人说,CEO就像我国50%的董事长加上50%的总经理。 一般来讲,CEO的主要职责有三方面:①对公司所有重大事务和人事任免进行决策,决策后,权力就下放给具体主管,CEO具体干预的较少;②营造一种促使员工愿意为公司务的企业文化;③把公司的整体形象推销出去。

人的一生就像在跷跷板上行走。We live our lives just like walking on the seesaw. /201012/121916。

Survey finds what British women really want in Mr Right France overtook Ireland as the fertility champion of Europe in 2007 HE should be clean-shaven, good-looking and drive a silver Mercedes. And, most important of all, he should be more than 178cm. Height is apparently more important than looks to women looking for Mr Right, a survey claims. With blue eyes, short dark-brown hair and medium build, the ideal candidate would appear to be film star Jake Gyllenhaal. Looks aside, the perfect partner must also love pets and appreciate fine wine, theatres and nice restaurants. Coupled with this he should have a "wacky" sense of humour, according to the study of 40,000 women by UKdating.com. Mr Right wears smart jeans and a T-shirt, weighs exactly 80.5kg and is a doctor or lawyer who owns a home in a good location. He has had three serious relationships, no more than six sexual partners, has never been married and doesn't have children. Also important is a university education: many women specify a man with a BA degree. Smokers and football fans were given the thumbs-down. Only 1 per cent of women questioned would date a chap who hates pets. The majority -- 66 per cent -- want to find a partner who is fit. Even more -- 68 per cent -- are looking for a wacky sense of humour. David Brown, managing director of UKdating.com, said: "The female daters on our website certainly know what they want and they are not afraid to let the men know. "They are looking for a man in a similar way to looking for a mortgage -- by going to websites, saying what they want and comparing what is out there." Fortunately for imperfect men, however, not all women go for the Gyllenhaal ideal. "Cuddly lovers" were favoured by 21 per cent, while 16 per cent would like to find a balding gent like Bruce Willis. Another 11 per cent said their Mr Right would be ginger, while 18 per cent said they would prefer a man with grey hair. And 28 per cent claimed they do not care how much a man earns. Facial hair proved surprisingly popular: 28 per cent of those surveyed admitted they liked a goatee and 21 per cent said they would like to meet a man with a moustache. Only 2 per cent of women, however, said they wouldn't mind dating someone who was less than 152cm tall. /200801/25615。

The age-old riddle of why many women live longer than men has been solved. It's their pumping power, British researchers have found.On average, women live five years longer than men and women over the age of 60 are now the fastest-growing section of the British population.The average male heart becomes weaker with age, and by the age of 70 its power to pump blood around the body could have decreased by up to a quarter of its youthful strength.David Goldspink, Professor of Cell and Molecular Sports Science at Liverpool John Moores University, said that women's longevity is linked to the strength of their hearts. Unlike men, they pump just as strongly at 70 as they do at 20."We have found that the power of the male heart falls by 20-25 per cent between 18 and 70 years of age," Professor Goldspink said. "In stark contrast, over the same period there was no age-related decline in the power of the female heart, meaning that the heart of a healthy 70-year-old woman could perform almost as well as a 20-year-old's."The dramatic difference between the sexes might explain why women live longer. The good news is that men of any age can improve the health of their heart simply by taking more regular exercise.The results are based on the findings of a two-year study of a cross-section of the British population, which examined the effects of ageing on the cardiovascular system.Professor Goldspink and a team of scientists at the university's Research for Human Development and Ageing examined more than 250 men and women between 18 and 80.None of the volunteers had a weekly exercise routine and all were considered to have low fitness levels, but were otherwise healthy. Each volunteer underwent five hours of tests to measure their blood pressure and the performance of their heart while at rest and while they exercised on a tmill.The researchers found that the large arteries in the body became stiffer and less elastic with age, causing increased blood pressure. Blood flow to the muscles and skin of the limbs was also found progressively to decrease. These changes were found to occur earlier in men, but women caught up soon after the menopause. /200812/59103。