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上饶铁路医院整形中心广丰区激光祛痘多少钱The Motor City Blight Busters are developing Veterans Village Center, which provides housing for veterans and the opportunity to work with their organization.The Center is currently under renovation. Its located in Northwest Detroit near other properties owned by Blight Busters.John George is founder and president of Motor City Blight Busters. The non-profit has a 25-year record of working to stabilize and revitalize Detroit through partnerships and volunteer efforts.Veterans Village Center is a partnership with ed Peace Relief, an organization that works with veterans to provide disaster relief around the country.George says, ;The disaster of Detroit, it took 50 years, a lot of times people dont feel its equivalent to a tornado or a hurricane but it is, and whats nice is the vets are working with us, basically using Detroit as a boot camp, to train the vets so when a disaster does strike, they could head out and help out.;George describes the veterans as having a leadership position within Blight Busters. The veterans help to organize the 10,000 volunteers that work with the organization annually along with working with youth in the area.;Its really a great opportunity for them to continue to serve and help locally.;201507/384974上饶双眼皮手术价格 But, like most mysteries of the brain, this one involving motor control is not fully understood by scientists.但是,就像最神秘的大脑一样,科学家还没有完全理解这一涉及运动控制的动作。However, scientists believe that the mental effort required to hold your hand still causes the muscles in your hand to contract a bit at regular intervals and therefore experience a tremor, even under normal circumstances.然而,科学家认为,手部静止必需的心力造成你的手部肌肉有有规律间隔的收缩,因此甚至在正常情况下也发生了抖动现象。 When youre nervous, the part of your brain that regulates your anxiety interferes with the response cycle between the cortex and the basal ganglia, increasing the severity of these muscle contractions and thereby altering your ability to accurately control the position of your hand.当你紧张时, 大脑负责调节你焦虑干扰的部分会介入皮层和基底神经节之间的响应周期,增加肌肉收缩,从而改变准确地控制自己手部位置的能力。Though your hand will shake a little bit under normal conditions, it will shake a lot more when these nervous feelings influence your hand position control.虽然正常情况下你的手会抖动一点点,但当紧张情绪上升影响你对于手部位置的控制时抖动会更多。201501/355110上饶铅山县彩光祛斑的价格

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上饶韩美整形美容医院疤痕修复怎么样Cotton, a global history棉花,一部全球史Spinning tales纺织传奇A fine account of 900 years of globalization道尽900年全球化历史Still a player, thanks to subsidies由于补贴,(美国)依旧是一大棉花产国Empire of Cotton: A Global History. By Sven Beckert.《棉花帝国:一部全球史》。作者Sven BeckertGOOD economic history tells dramatic stories of ingenuity and aspiration, greed and national self-interest. Sven Beckert writes good economic history. But why cotton? Mr Beckerts answer is that for 900 years, until 1900, it was the worlds most important manufacturing industry. Cotton is relevant now because the story explains how and why an industry goes global. It is a story of wildly fluctuating fortunes, from stunning wealth to dire social disasters.一部优秀的经济史需要讲出好的故事,既匠心独具又发人深省,既描写贪婪又涉及国家利己主义。Sven Beckert的这本书就是如此。为什么写棉花?Beckert的回答是,在1900年之前的900年里,棉花产业一直都是世界上最重要的制造业。如今,棉花还能解释一个产业走向全球的形式和原因。这个故事有关财富的剧烈变动,从惊人的巨额财富到可怕的社会灾难。India runs like a th through this tale. Cotton was being spun in the Indus Valley in 3000; Herodotus admired its quality. Spinning and weaving cotton (the word comes from qutn in Arabic) were introduced to Europe by Muslim invaders in the tenth century. In India cotton as a cottage industry was so successful that it established a substantial market in Britain. This had two consequences. The first was technological innovation in the industrial north; spinning machines, the invention of the flying shuttle, the spinning jenny and power looms were the forerunners of the Industrial Revolution. The second, introduced in 1774 to assist English spinners and weavers, was protectionist legislation that made it illegal to sell imported cotton.故事中一直充斥着印度的身影。早在公元前3000年,印度河流域的人们就已经学会纺纱,希罗多德就曾赞赏它的质地。当穆斯林在10世纪入侵欧洲时,也把纺纱和织布的技术带到了欧洲(棉花cotton一词就源自阿拉伯语qutn)。家庭手工业形式的棉花生产在印度非常成功,甚至在英国的市场占据了不小的份额。这造成了两个结果。首先是让北部工业区诞生了许多的技术革新。诸如飞梭、珍妮纺纱机、动力织机等纺纱机器的发明都是工业革命的先驱。其次,英国为了帮助本国的纺织业从业者而在1774年颁布了贸易保护法,将出售进口棉花认定为违法行为。By 1800 mass-produced British cotton dominated world markets, including in India where the industry collapsed. In the three decades to 1820 innovation helped productivity in Britains new cotton factories increase 370 times. Mr Beckert, a history professor at Harvard, calls this new economic order “War Capitalism” as it is based on imperial expansion, expropriation of land, and slavery.到了1800年,产量巨大的英国棉花称霸了全球市场,包括棉纺产业已经崩溃的印度。在1820年之前的三十年中,技术创新使得英国棉花工厂的产量提高了370倍。身为哈佛大学历史系教授的Beckert把这种新式的经济秩序称为“战争资本主义”,因为它是基于英帝国的扩张、征用(殖民地)土地的和奴役(被侵略地区的人民)。Slaves and wide open spaces in the southern states transformed Americas economy, too. Capital, raised mainly in London, financed the expansion. By the late 1850s, 77% of the cotton consumed in Britain came from America. Profits soared on both sides of the Atlantic. Manchester became a centre of the universe, always feeding on cheap labour, mostly women, who, unlike slaves, were paid a wage, albeit a poor one. (This reviewers great-aunt was among the first women to earn a guinea a week from piece-work in her Rochdale mill, in the 1920s.)奴隶和南部开阔的土地同样改变了美国的经济。随着英帝国不断扩张在美国的领土,伦敦从中获得了大量资本。到了18世纪50年代末期,英国消费的棉花中有77%来自于美国。大西洋两岸都获得了大量的利润。依靠廉价的劳力,尤其是妇女们,曼切斯特成为了这一切的中心。这些劳力和黑奴不同,他们有一些薪水,虽然并不多。(本书评作者的伯祖母就是19世纪20年代的罗奇代尔磨房中第一批能从计件工作中赚到每周一基尼的妇女们的一员。)Deprived of raw American cotton when the civil war broke out in 1861, English manufacturers rediscovered India. Railways were built in the newly acquired state of Berar to shift raw cotton for export to Bombay. By 1862, 75% of Britains cotton originated in India. The industry had gone global; Egypt and Brazil also provided new sources of supply. When news of the Union Armys victories in 1865 reached India, property prices in Bombay collapsed, anticipating the renewed competition that the end of the war might bring. In the event, as peace returned to the American South and former slaves became sharecroppers, the global industry recovered quickly, helped by a surge in demand.到了1861年,美国内战爆发,无法从美国得到原棉的英国制造者只好重新开发印度。他们在刚刚占领的贝拉尔邦建造了很多铁路,用来将原棉运往孟买。1862年时,英国75%的棉花都来自印度。此时,这个行业已经走向了国际化;埃及和巴西也加入了供应源的行列。到了1865年,当同盟军赢得内战的消息到达印度时,孟买的房价一泻千里。这是由于人们都估计美国内战结束将引来新的竞争。结果是,随着美国南部恢复和平,奴隶成了佃农后,高涨的需求使得全球棉花产业快速恢复了。In the late 19th century the cotton industry in England began to decline. At the height of the Great Depression in 1932 only 11% of the worlds mechanical spindles were operating in Britain, compared with 61% in 1860. The terrible blight that has overwhelmed cotton towns such as Rochdale began then, and has grown worse since. By the late 1960s Britain accounted for only 2.8% of global cotton exports.到了19世纪末期,英国棉花业开始倒退。1932年大萧条最为严重时期,英国只拥有的全球机械纱锭中的11%,而1860年时则有61%。当时,可怕的枯萎病袭击了包括洛奇代尔在内的产棉城镇,而且情况越变越糟。到了19世纪60年代末期,英国只占全球棉花出口的2.8%。Today the main sources of raw cotton are China (29%) and India (21%). Supported by grotesque subsidies ( billion between 1995 and 2010), America clings on in third place. Producers sell to the new merchants of cotton: global retailers such as Gap and Adidas. Mr Beckerts story is both inspirational and utterly depressing, a reflection of the white-knuckle ride that has been the characteristic of globalisation through the centuries.现如今主要的原棉产国是中国(29%)和印度(21%)。由于离谱的棉花补助(1995至2010年间总计达350亿美元),美国仍位居第三。生产者们将产品卖给新一代的棉花商人们:诸如Gap和阿迪达斯这样的国际零售商。Beckert的故事既振奋人心又让人非常绝望,这是对绵延数世纪的全球化进程中间一段跌宕起伏的发展史进行的一次沉思。翻译:胡靓 校对:李燊译文属译生译世 /201505/376038 上饶县中医院隆鼻多少钱上饶韩美整形医院美容整形科



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