时间:2019年10月16日 10:20:36

Now, in ruins.An empire in meltdown.如今却只余断壁残垣 帝国渐渐没落When you think about the Roman Empire当想到连罗马帝国这样And the complexity of the system that failed,拥有极其复杂制度的国家都会没落时Its incredibly frightening.真是让人胆战心惊A system that could create the best army in the world,这个制度可以创造出世界上最精良的军队That could unite the entire Mediterranean region,也可以统一整个地中海地区The idea that a system like that can fragment and break apart...每每想到连这样的制度 都会土崩瓦解its apocalyptic.Gaiserics men wreak havoc.就会觉得世界末日来了 盖塞里克的手下们肆意破坏The Roman Empire will never recover.罗马帝国永无复原之机When you see that kind of horror,你目睹着周围恐怖的场景And youre stuck and trapped inside this city,且发现自己被困在了这座城池之中You start running out of options very quick.很快你便无计可施 走投无路You cant run, you cant hide,跑也跑不掉 藏也藏不了You cant defeat this force.你也无法与这股势力抗衡They will rape,they will pillage and they will plunder.在这种情况下 他们转而会去凌辱妇女 掠夺他人财产But the Vandals are no savages.但汪达尔人并非蛮荒之人Theyre educated and skilled in warfare,他们都受过良好的教育且战术精良Thanks to the Romans.这还要归功于罗马人201511/407000

原味人文风情:The Power of Empathy同理心的力量So what is empathy? And why is it very different than sympathy?什么是同理心?为什么它和同情心那么不同?Empathy fuels connection. Sympathy drives disconnection. Empathy is very interesting.同理心激发连结。同情心促使失连。同理心是非常有趣的。Teresa Wiseman is a nursing scholar, who studied professions—very diverse professions where empathy is relevant, and came up with four qualities of empathy: Perspective taking (the ability to take the perspective of another person, or recognize their perspectives as their truth), staying out of judgment (not easy when you enjoy this as much as most of us do), recognizing emotion of another people, and then communicating that.Teresa Wiseman是名护理学者,她研究职业--与同理心相关、非常不同的职业,并提出四种同理心的特性:接受观点(接受他人观点的能力,或是认同他们的观点为他们的事实)、不加(这不容易,当你跟我们大多数人一样喜欢他人时)、看出他人的情绪、并接着与那交流。Empathy is feeling with people. And to me, I always think of empathy as this kind of sacred space when someones kind of in a deep hole, and they shout out from the bottom and they say, ;Im stuck. Its dark. Im overwhelmed.; And then we look and we say, ;Hey,; and climb down, ;I know what its like down here, and youre not alone.;同理心是与人一起感受。对我而言,我总是把同理心想成这种神圣的空间,当某人好像在一个深穴里,而他们从底部大叫,他们说:“我被困住了。这里好黑。我受不了了。”然后我们看看,我们说:“嘿”,然后爬下去说:“我知道在这下面是什么样子,你并不孤单。”Sympathy is, ;Woo! Its bad, ahuh? Now, you want a sandwich?;同情心是:“哇!真糟糕啊,对吧?现在,你想要个三明治吗?”Empathy is a choice. And its a vulnerable choice because in order to connect with you, I have to connect with something in myself that knows that feeling. Rarely, if ever, does an empathic response begin with ;at least.;同理心是种选择。那是种很容易受到伤害的选择,因为为了要能与你连结,我必须连结到我自己心里能了解那感受的东西。一个同理心的回应极少(如果真的有的话)以“至少...”来开头。I had a...yeah, and we do it all the time, because, you know what, someone just shares something with us thats incredibly painful, and were trying to silver lining that. I dont think thats a verb, but Im using it as one.我有个...对,而我们总是在做这事,因为,你知道吗,某人刚与我们分享一些极为痛苦的事,而我们试着要“一线希望”它。我不认为那是个动词,但我要把它当动词用。Were trying to put this silver lining around it, so ;I had a miscarriage.;我们试着要挤出一线希望,所以当人说:“我流产了。”;At least, you know you can get pregnant.;“至少你知道你能怀。”;I think my marriage is falling apart.;“我觉得我的婚姻正在破碎。”;At least, you have a marriage.;“至少你有段婚姻。”;Johns getting kicked out of school.;“John要被学校退学了。”;At least, Sarah, hes an A-student.;“至少,Sarah,他是个优等学生。”But one of the things we do sometimes in the face of very difficult conversations is we try to make things better.但我们在面对非常难受的对话时,其中我们有时会做的一件事,是我们试着要让事情好转一点。If I share something with you thats very difficult, Id rather you say, ;I dont even know what to say right now. Im just so glad you told me,; because the truth is rarely can a response make something better. What makes something better is connection.如果我跟你分享某件非常难过的事,我宁愿你说:“我现在甚至不知该说什么好。我只是很开心你肯跟我说。”因为事实是,回应很少会让事情好转。能让事情好转的是连结。201503/365875


栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201503/363327


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