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楼主:美丽口碑 时间:2019年07月16日 08:02:36 点击:0 回复:0
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Vaping may harm the lungs电子烟会损害你的肺You’ve seen them on television, in celebrity photos and in magazine ads — cool superstars vaping on electronic cigarettes. Their high-tech gadgets seem to be available everywhere, from shopping malls to the 24-hour convenience mart. Is it any wonder that teens are being tempted to try out the vaping craze?他们出现在电视上,在名人照片中,甚至在杂志广告上。一些明星在电子烟里吞云吐雾,这种高科技工具似乎在哪都可以买到个,从购物中心到24小时便利务店。但如果说现在很多青少年正被这种蒸汽烟引诱并为之狂热,那么你被惊到了吗?Yet scientists are disturbed by the fascination teens have with this nicotine-dispensing alternative to smoking. And with good reason. Data from a growing number of studies indicate that electronic cigarettes are not harmless.青少年对于这种含尼古丁可供选择的吸物尤为入迷。科学家对此表示很担忧,并且有充分的理由。越来越多的研究数据表明电子烟并不是无害的。Chemicals in e-cigarettes can damage lung tissue, provoking inflammation. That damage can reduce the ability of the lungs to keep out germs and other harmful substances, new studies show.电子烟中的化学成分会破坏肺组织,进而诱发炎。新研究表明这种破坏会降低肺阻止细菌及其他有害物质进入体内的能力。Evidence of vaping’s growing appeal can be seen everywhere — from urban storefronts (as here) to kiosks in suburban shopping malls.从城市的贸易商铺到郊区购物中心的小报摊,电子烟逐渐增加的吸引力随处可见,有据可循。Yet teens seem largely unaware of — or unconcerned by — the emerging data on these risks. Their use of e-cigarettes has now surpassed that of conventional cigarettes. In the past year alone, e-cigarette use by U.S. middle-school and high-school teens has tripled. That’s the finding of a new government survey released last month.但是青少年对这些逐渐浮出水面的危险数据并没有意识,或者说他们不是很关心。他们现在使用的电子烟的数量已经超过了传统烟。仅在过去的一年中,美国初中或高中青少年里使用电子烟的数量就已翻了3倍。这是上个月一项政府新调查发现的数据。Mitch Zeller directs the Center for Tobacco Products in Silver Spring, Md. It’s part of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. “I can say definitively,” Zeller says, “that nicotine is harmful to the developing teenage brain. And no teenager, no young person, should be using any tobacco or nicotine-containing products.” These include e-cigarettes, he adds.Mitch Zeller对马里兰州银泉市烟草产品中心进行指导,该中心是美国食品和药品的一部分。“我可以很肯定地说,尼古丁对青少年的脑部发育有很大危害”,他表示,“因此,无论是青少年还是未成年人都不应该再继续适用任何含尼古丁产品,其中包括电子烟”,他补充道。译文属 /201506/378290It is certainly a unique idea - an anonymous app that lets you chat from the toilet with others in a similar position.有一款手机应用,可以让你在如厕时和其他正在上厕所的人进行匿名交流,这个创意不错吧?Called Pooductive, the app was originally launched via Kickstarter, but failed to raise enough funds. Now developer Ricardo Gruber has released it for free, claiming it will help charities - and allow people to discuss their toilet habits.这款名为“Pooductive”的应用最初发布在Kickstarter(一家著名的众筹网站)上,但是没能筹到足够的资金。现在应用开发者里卡多·格鲁伯(Ricardo Gruber)决定将其免费发布,称该应用有助于慈善机构的工作,并且使人们畅谈如厕习惯。The site also explains the app has a serious message. #39;We hope to connect Pooductive with some big charities that focus on both clean water and improving hygiene in developing countries.#39;该网站称,这款应用还有一个重要的目的。“我们希望把 Pooductive与一些关注发展中国家清洁用水和改善卫生条件的大型公益组织联系起来。”However, a recent study found that the app is likely to face stiff competition from rival messaging apps like WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger, which have 800 million and 700 million active users respectively.然而,最近一项研究发现,Pooductive很可能会面临激烈的竞争,因为即时通讯应用WhatsApp和Facebook即时通分别有8亿和7亿活跃用户。In a study of mobile phone habits, about 75 per cent of those questioned admitted to surfing the web, using apps, emailng and texting while in the toilet - with more than 90 per cent saying they had returned calls.在一项针对手机使用习惯的研究发现,75%的受访者表示,他们在如厕时会浏览网页、玩应用、发邮件、发短信,超过90%的受访者会回电话。According to the website Wtop.com, one in five men said they had participated in conference calls while sitting on their porcelain throne - seemingly unfazed by the prospect of accidentally activating the iPhone FaceTime feature or the potential for people to hear dubious noises coming from the cubicle.据Wtop.com网站消息,20%的男性表示,他们在如厕时会参加电话会议,似乎他们并不担心一不小心启动iPhone视频电话功能,或者其他人听到隔壁隔间里发出的可疑声音。The research, which surveyed 1,000 people, also revealed that cubicle activities would be determined by the type of Smartphone you owned.这项针对1,000人的研究还显示,如厕习惯可能取决于你使用的智能手机。People who like to multi-task, by doing a number of things while using a range of apps, were likely to be Android owners. While no-nonsense Blackberry users tended to take and make calls. Those with iPhones were more like to be playing with apps.安卓用户可能更喜欢一心多用,同时打开多个应用做很多事。黑莓用户一般很严肃、实际,只接打电话。而苹果用户更倾向于玩应用程序。 /201508/395008In the ed States, drones have interfered with aircraft trying to put out wildfires. They have buzzed dangerously close to jets taking off at airports and have irritated fans at sports events by hovering over stadiums.在美国,无人机已经干扰了用来扑灭山火的飞机。有时候嗡嗡轰鸣着,危险地逼近机场上起飞中的喷气机,还有的时候,它盘旋在体育场上空,令赛事观众们颇为不快。Now federal regulators, hoping to discourage mischief and negligence among drone pilots, are proposing a new system to require owners to register their unmanned aircraft.现在联邦监管者提出成立一个新系统,要求机主注册自己拥有的无人机,以此遏制无人机飞行当中的恶作剧与疏忽现象。At an event in Washington on Monday, the transportation secretary, Anthony Foxx, said the department had formed a task force to come up with the details for the registration process. The task force will be composed of more than two dozen representatives from the drone and manned aviation industries, federal government and other groups.周一,在华盛顿的一次会议上,运输部长安东尼·福克斯(Anthony Foxx)说,运输部已经成立专案组,制定这一登记程序的具体细节。该专案组由20多名成员组成,分别来自无人驾驶与有人驾驶航空业、联邦政府与其他组织。Mr. Foxx asked the group to deliver a report with its findings by Nov. 20, with the goal of putting them into place by December, an unusually speedy process for a new aviation rule with the potential to affect millions of drones. Mr. Foxx said the department was motivated to act fast because of growing reports of safety violations by drones, and because the devices are expected to be big sellers during the holiday season.福克斯要求这一小组在11月20日前递交一份报告,目的是于12月付诸实施,鉴于这项新航空规定可能会影响到数以百万计的无人机,速度快得非同寻常。福克斯说,运输部想做出快速反应,是因为部门接到的无人机影响安全的报告越来越多,而且一到假期,这种东西肯定会大卖。“We feel the level of urgency here is sufficient for us to move as quickly as we possibly can,” he said.“我们觉得这件事的紧迫性足以让我们尽快采取行动,”他说。Some drone makers were concerned, though, by the lack of detail about how the system will work and the speed with which the task force has been ordered to work out those particulars. Many questions about the regulation are unsettled, including exactly which drones are considered so harmless that they should be exempt from the new rules. The department said the regulations would not apply to toys and other small drones that posed low safety risks.不过,有些无人机生产者表示担心,因为这个系统如何运作,目前缺乏细节,而且专案组被要求很快制定出相关条文。关于这个规定,目前有很多问题都悬而未决,包括什么样的无人机应当被认为完全无害,可以排除在这些新规定里。运输部说,这些规定不适用于玩具无人机,以及其他低安全风险的小型无人机。“Whether a national drone registration system is workable and serves the purposes articulated by the secretary will depend on the criteria used to determine which drones are included, and the burden that is imposed on the public,” Brendan Schulman, vice president for policy and legal affairs at DJI, a leading Chinese drone maker, wrote in an email. “DJI is a strong supporter of drone safety initiatives, but the deadline announced today is extremely ambitious and surprising considering that the rule-making process for civilian drones has been in progress for a decade.”“全国无人机登记系统是否有效,能不能达到部长所强调的目的,关键在于对包含在规定中的无人机定义标准,以及该系统对公众所造成的负担,”中国顶尖无人机生产商DJI公司负责政策与法律事务的副总裁布伦丹·舒尔曼(Brendan Schulman)在电子邮件中说。“DJI非常持无人机安全倡议,但是鉴于为民用无人机制定规则的进程已经持续了十年,今天宣布的截止日期实在过于艰巨,令人吃惊。”It is not clear, for example, whether drones registered with the government will have to be physically labeled with the equivalent of a vehicle license plate — using a sticker, perhaps — or whether drones will be configured to electronically broadcast a unique registration number. A sticker could be useful if law enforcement officials are able to take possession of a drone after a crash. But it might not be as helpful if drone operators simply flew their devices away.比如,在政府登记的无人机是否应当悬挂和机动车牌照类似的实体牌照——可能会使用不干胶——又或者无人机是否应当配备具有独一无二的登记号的电子广播。这些目前都不清晰。如果执法人员能够在事故后得到无人机实体,不干胶可能有用。但如果无人机操作者让无人机逃掉了,那不干胶就没用了。Anyone who fails to register a drone could face civil fines up to ,500 and, if warranted, criminal penalties up to 0,000 or up to three years in jail, or both, according to a spokesman for the Federal Aviation Administration. He said the rule would apply to drones aly sold, not just new ones. Recreational fliers of drones do not have to be licensed, though there are stricter rules for commercial operators.联邦航空的发言人说,没有给自己的无人机作登记的机主可能会面临高达27500美元的民事罚款,如有必要,还会受到最高25万美元的刑事罚款,或入狱三年,又或二者兼有。他说,这项规定不仅适用于新的无人机,也适用于已经售出的无人机。宣传用的小型无人机不必登记,但对于商业运营者将有更加严格的规定。The registration proposal is just one of many measures that federal regulators are taking to open the skies to drones operated by civilians. The Federal Aviation Administration, which is part of the Transportation Department, has also introduced public education initiatives, including a “Know Before You Fly” campaign aimed at sping awareness about aviation rules among drone operators.这项规定草案是联邦监管者采取的众多措施之一,旨在向平民拥有的无人机开放领空。联邦航空隶属运输部,它已经发起了若干公众教育活动,比如向无人机操作者宣传有关航空规定的“飞前须知”活动。A “No Drone Zone” campaign uses signs showing a slash through a drone to let operators know where the devices are prohibited — near airports, for instance.“无人机禁飞区”活动使用了在无人机图案上画一道斜线的标识,让操作者明白,哪些地方是禁止无人机飞行的——比如说机场附近。“This isn’t riding your A.T.V. on your own property,” Mr. Foxx said. “This is going into space where other users are occupying that space. It’s a matter of responsibility that we take seriously.”“这和在自己家的地皮上开越野沙滩车不一样,”福克斯说,“你进入的空间里还有其他用户。这是我们要认真对待的责任。” /201510/405831

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