原标题: 福清妇保医院有药流吗医护晚报
When it comes to weight loss, it often seems like men and women are from different planets. That’s the topic of my Today Show segment (check back later for the ). Does gender really make a difference in your ability to lose weight and keep it off? Read on, as I answer some questions I’m often asked. The answers are both biological and behavioral – not a surprise when it comes to Mother Nature. Do you have others? Let me know what you’re thinking!Is it easier for men to lose weight than women?It often can be. Men have more testosterone, which does two things: (1)supports greater muscle mass (so resting metabolism is usually higher); and (2) promotes more muscle mass with exercise – both which burn greater numbers of calories.Plus, women have a biological “yo-yo” – childbearing, where excursions of weight are normal, and it’s often a struggle to get exactly back to the same pre-pregnancy weight. Monthly changes in hormonal status (up to and including menopause) also can stimulate appetite.Do men and women accumulate different kinds of fat?The fat is the same, but it’s distributed differently. Men typically have “belly” fat – around the middle, and women tend to have lower body fat, around the hips, thighs, and buttocks.Is one kind of fat harder to lose than another?Belly fat, most common in men, actually is targeted first during exercise. So, if you’re an exerciser, the biggest changes first seen will be in abdominal fat. The lower body fat is often deposited during the child-bearing years – where it is meant to be used when the baby is born to nourish (via breastfeeding). There are female hormones that target this fat at that time.Do men and women eat differently for comfort?In general, women are greater consumers of fruits and vegetables than men. When it comes to comfort, women seek out sweet/fat foods – think ice cream, baked goods, candy and chocolate, while men tend to look for savory and salty/fat foods – think pizza and cheeseburgers.What about keeping weight off?Weight maintenance is the great equalizer! Both women and men struggle with long term weight maintenance. Both sexes are “yo-yo” dieters. It appears that the same strategies for long term weight changes are the same for both men and women. One thing for sure, no matter how it comes off, we all need social support as a key strategy to keep it off!!What do you think about this? 说到减肥,男人和女人似乎有着千差万别。今天节目就围绕这个话题。。。。。在减肥和保持体重上,性别真的起到至关重要的作用?继续听下去,我将回答一些我经常被问到的问题。引起这种差别的有生理上的原因和行为上的原因—如果归结到母性,那这些区别也就不足为奇了。你还知道其他原因吗?知道就请告诉我吧~男人会比女人更容易减肥吗?一般是这样的。男人有更多的雄性激素,这不仅保了有着男人更大块的肌肉,从而使得他们的新陈代谢旺盛,同时促进肌肉的运动。而这两者恰恰会燃烧大量的卡路里。再者,生育使得女人的体重变化不定。生育期间,体重增加甚为正常,想要减到生育前的体重很是辛苦。再加上一月一次荷尔蒙数量的起伏变化(包括升高或是更年期)又使得女人胃口大开。男人和女人堆积的脂肪是一类吗?一样的脂肪,不同的分布。男人的脂肪一般在腹部—在身体的正中间,而女人的脂肪一般堆积在下半身,比如在臀部和大腿、不同脂肪有难减易减之分吗?男性经常堆积的腹部脂肪,通常在运动中首先被消耗的。所以说,如果你是个做运动的人,你将发现,肚子上的变化将是最先注意到的。而下半生的脂肪一般是在怀期间对堆积的,因为这些脂肪将用于母乳喂养。这时雌性激素会作用于这些脂肪。在吃的方面,男女有没有不同的趋好?一般来说,女人会吃更多的水果和蔬菜。但说到喜欢吃什么,那么诸如冰激凌,烘烤的食物,糖果,巧克力等甜的高脂肪食物将是女性的首选,而男性则喜欢可口的,咸味的高脂肪食物,如匹萨和奶酪三明治。在保持体重方面有区别吗?在保持体重方面男女是完全一样的,他们都要为长期体重的维持而奋斗着,都是摇摆不定的减肥者。我们发现,同一种减肥策略对男女长期维持体重效果是一样的。。但有一点是毋庸置疑的,那就是无论男女减肥是又怎样的千差万别,别人的帮助持才是让我们保持体重最重要的战略。你认为呢? /200804/36815“爱我、不爱我”的游戏别玩啦,扯掉再多花瓣也无法知道他是不是真的爱你。但如果你真的掌握以下四点,他的心你也就能读懂了!们一定不能错过哦!Have you noticed any slight changes in your man's behavior? Does he say things he has never said before? Well, maybe it's because he loves you!有没有留意到你看上的他有任何行为变化呢?他有没有说过什么从没说过的话?如果有的话,那他可能真的爱上你了!Men are very action motivated, they don't express their feelings verbally. They'd rather make you figure it out on your own. There's nothing wrong with that, as long as he tells you how he feels at the right time.男生的行动力都很强,他们不会用语言表达情感。他们还是宁愿你自己整明白。这并没有什么问题,只要他们能在恰当的时机真的把这事儿挑明就行了。Do you ever get butterflies in your stomach when you think about his new motives? You probably feel the same way about him. I know you've heard others say that it takes time for men to love their women. That's true to an extent. Love doesn't hold any boundaries, it comes when you least expect it to. This strong emotion normally comes about 1 year of dating. If you've been with him for only 5 months, then he's infatuated with you.当想到他的新举动,你是不是也会心里一阵骚动呢?那很可能你俩就是互相看对眼!我知道你也许听过那种说法:男人要花点时间才会真正爱上他们的女人。在一定程度上是对的。爱没有界限,可能你最不期待时它就来了。这种强烈的情感通常会在约会一年之后发生。而如果你跟他在一起只有5个月,那不叫爱,那是迷恋。The difference between love and infatuation is that love is a more intense feeling. When you're infatuated with someone, your feelings are a bit different. He may feel like he loves you, but he only cares deeply for you. When a man really loves a woman, he'll do anything for her. The main hints he'll throw are very easy to catch.爱和迷恋的分别就在于爱是更为强烈的情感。而当你迷恋一个人,那是不同的感觉。也许他都觉得自己是爱你的,但他其实只是很关心你而已。当一个男人真的爱上一个女人,他会愿意为她做任何事。而他给的最主要的暗示其实很容易抓到。1. His body language肢体语言If you haven't noticed his body language, pay more attention to it. He'll begin to walk with poise and wrap his arms around you. I know men do this when they don't love a woman, but he'll do it more often if the feelings are there.如果你还没注意到他的肢体语言,那真是要花点儿心思。走路的时候,他会搂着你的肩——我知道男人不爱你的时候也许也这么干,但如果他爱你,他一定会做的更多。 /201108/149214Some of the country’s most famous investors, including Warren Buffett and John Bogle, have started to make the case that it’s time to dive back into the stock market.They are usually careful to add that they don’t know what stocks will do in the short term. Yet their basic message is clear enough: stocks are now cheap, irrational fears have been driving the market down lately, and people who buy today will be glad that they did.After a day like Tuesday, when the market rose 11 percent, it’s easy to see the merits of the argument.But there is another argument that deserves more attention than it has gotten so far. It’s the bearish argument that is based neither on fears that the country may be sliding into another depression nor on gut-level worries about the unknown. It is based on numbers and history, and it has at least as much claim on reason as the bullish argument does.It goes something like this: Stocks are truly cheap only relative to their values over the last 20 years, a period that will go down as one of the great bubbles in history. If you take a longer view, you see that the ratio of stock prices to corporate earnings is only slightly below its long-term average. And in past economic crises — during the 1930s and 1970s — stocks fell well below their long-run average before they turned around.To make matters worse, corporate earnings have now started to plunge, too. Assuming that they keep dropping, stocks would also need to fall to keep the price-earnings ratio at its current level.As stocks were soaring on Tuesday afternoon, I called James Melcher to hear a dose of fact-based bearishness. Mr. Melcher is president of Balestra Capital, a hedge fund in New York, who wrote an essay for his clients two years ago that predicted the broad outlines of the financial crisis (and then arranged Balestra’s portfolio accordingly). Like the bulls, he said that no one could know what the market would do in the short term. “But to think stocks are cheap now,” he added, “is not rational.”He went on: “In the last 20 years — and particularly in the last six or seven — you had the most massive creation of liquidity the world has ever known.” Consumers went ever deeper into debt, thanks to loose lending standards, and a shadow banking system, made up of hedge funds and investment banks, allowed Wall Street to do the same. All that debt lifted economic growth and stock returns.“It was a nice party,” Mr. Melcher said. “The problem is that all the bills are coming due at the same time.” He thinks stocks could easily fall an additional 20 percent and maybe 35 percent before hitting bottom.So who’s right — the bears or the bulls? The smartest people in both camps, like Mr. Melcher, Mr. Buffett and Mr. Bogle, have a healthy dose of humility about their own conclusions. And when you dig into their arguments, you find that they’re not quite as different as they first sound. But they are different, and it’s worth taking a minute to consider the numbers.There are any number of ways to measure the valuation of the stock market. Some examine prices relative to earnings, others are based on cash flow, a company’s underlying assets or the total value of the market. But they tell a pretty consistent story right now. Stocks, which were fabulously expensive for much of the 1990s and this decade, no longer are.My favorite measure is the one recommended by Benjamin Graham and David L. Dodd, in their classic 1934 textbook, “Security Analysis.” They urged investors to use a price-to-earnings ratio — stock prices divided by average annual corporate earnings — based on at least five years of earnings and, ideally, closer to 10. Corporate profits may rise or fall in any given year, but a share of stock is a claim on a company’s long-term earnings and should be evaluated as such.(Why not use a forecast of future earnings? Because they tend toward the fictional, as we’re now seeing once again.)The 10-year price-to-earnings ratio tells an incredibly consistent story over the last century. It has averaged about 16 over that time. There have been long periods when it stayed above 16 and even shot above 20, like the 1920s, 1960s and recent years. As recently as last October, when other measures suggested the market was reasonably valued, the Graham-Dodd version of the ratio was a disturbing 27. But periods in which the ratio has jumped above 20 have always been followed by steep declines and at least a decade of poor returns.By 1932, the ratio had fallen to 6. In 1982, it was only 7. Then, of course, the market began to self-correct in the other direction, and stocks took off.After Tuesday’s big rally, the ratio was just a shade below 16, or almost equal to its long-run average. This is a little difficult to swallow, I realize. Stocks are down 40 percent since last October, and every experience from the last 25 years suggests they now have to bounce back.But that’s precisely the problem. Since the 1980s, stocks have always bounced back from a loss, usually reaching a high in relatively short order. As a result, the market became enormously overvalued.As Robert Shiller, the economist who specializes in bubbles, points out, human beings tend to put too much weight on recent experiences. We think the market snapbacks of 1987 and the current decade are more meaningful and more predictive than the long slumps of the 1930s, 1940s and 1970s. Of course, anyone who made the same assumption in 1930 or 1975 — this just has to turn around soon — would have had to wait years and years until the investment paid off.Now, Mr. Buffett, Mr. Bogle and their fellow bulls know all this history, and they’re still bullish. (Though I’d be more bullish, too, if I could get the favorable terms that Mr. Buffett did. In exchange for his money and his good name, Goldman Sachs and General Electric each guaranteed him an annual return of at least 10 percent.)So on Tuesday afternoon, I also called Mr. Bogle, the legendary founder of the Vanguard Group, the investment firm whose low-cost index funds have made a lot for a lot of people.He, too, prefers the 10-year price-to-earnings ratio, he said, but he didn’t think that it necessarily had to fall to the same bargain-basement levels it reached in the 1930s and 1970s.You can certainly see why that would be the case. Investors are well aware that the market fell to irrationally low levels during past crises, and they may not allow it to become so cheap this time around.Mr. Bogle also thinks that corporate profits will rebound nicely within a couple of years and likes the fact that interest rates are low. Low rates have often — though not always — accompanied bull markets.But it was his last argument that I think is the main one for most investors to focus on. “I’m not looking for a great bull market,” he said. There are some reasons to be optimistic about stocks, he said, “and I also look at the alternative.”And, really, how attractive are the alternatives? Savings accounts and money market funds will struggle to keep pace with inflation. Bonds may, as well.Stocks, on the other hand, are paying an average dividend of about 3 percent, which is better than the interest on many savings accounts, and stocks are also almost certain to rise over the next couple of decades.If that is your time frame — decades, rather than months or years — this will probably turn out to be a perfectly good buying opportunity. In the shorter term, though, it’s a much tougher call, and it involves a lot more risk. 一些著名的投资家,包括沃伦.巴菲特,约翰.格,公开表示,现在是返回股票市场买股票的时候了.虽然他们一如往常,小心翼翼的声明,他们并不能预知股票的短期走势.然而,他们透露的基本信息是明确的:股票价格现在很便宜,非理性的恐惧导致了近期市场走低,那些现在买入股票的人必将在今后得意于他们的选择.本周二股市大涨11%,使上述观点轻易找到了论据.但另外一种观点较之以前更值得注意.这就是依然看空市场.观点不是简单建立在国家经济将滑向另一场衰退的恐惧的情感上,也不是源自于对未知的极度担忧.看空的观点同样建立在数据与历史的分析基础上,至少,它的论据并不比看多观点的少.看空者的部分看法如下:历史上看,一个巨大的经济泡沫的破裂后,需要经历20年的经济低迷期.以过去20年的数据看,股票价格确实比较便宜.但如果你在更长的历史周期上观察,你发现股价相对于公司赢利的比率只是略低于长期平均水平.回顾过去的经济危机----比如说发生于上世纪30年代和70年代的--- -那时的股价在反转前远远低于长期平均水平.情况更糟的是,公司赢利水平开始恶化,如果假设赢利持续减少,股价也必须降低以维持当前的市盈率数值.就在周二股市暴涨的时候,我致电James Melcher ,却听到了大堆有事实根据的看空理由.Melcher 先生是纽约的一家对冲基金,Balestra资本的主席,他曾经在2年前发文给他的客户,预测出金融危机可能情形(随后他又以此预测调整了Balestra的投资组合).如鼓励买股票的那些投资大家一样,他也认为没人能预测股市的短期走向.但他补充道:"现在认为股价很便宜是不明智的."James Melcher 说道:"在过去20年中----尤其是过去6,7年----我们面临流动性泛滥,消费者大量举债,宽松的借贷标准,体系中不良机制,避险基金与投资的兴起,使华尔街大大提高了负债杠杆.负债刺激了经济,提高了股票回报.""这是好的一面,"James Melcher 说,"问题在于所有的债务可能在同一时间到期."他认为股价很可能再跌20%,并且在见底前比现在下降35%.看多与看空,谁是对的? Melcher ,Bogle,还有巴菲特,都是业界中的智者,他们的结论都经过认真的分析.当你深入他们的讨论,你会发现他们之间的分析并无太多的不同.然而却提出相反的观点.这就需要我们花点时间来研究一下历史数据了.给股票估值有很多方法.有人用价格与盈利指标,有人用现金流折现,还有人考虑公司隐藏或低估的资产,或是公司市值.但现在使用那些方法只能如以前一样描述动人的故事.股价再不可能象上世纪九十年代与最近十年所经历的一样,不切实际的高高在上.我个人喜好的一个衡量指标是,本杰明.格雷翰姆和戴维.多德在他们经典的1934年出版的教材lt;lt;券分析gt;gt;里介绍的市盈率- ---股票价格除以过去5年的公司盈利平均值,计算的市盈率如果接近10,则是比较合理的.公司的利润水平在某些年份可能升也可能降,但股权是对公司长期盈利的分配要求,因此应该以平均的盈利水平来评估股价高低与否.(为什么不用预测的盈利数据计算市盈率?因为我们发现,那将可能导致数字的编造游戏)以10年为周期的市盈率难以置信的揭示了一个世纪来的股市长期走势.在上世纪,市盈率的平均值是16,但有很长一段时间数值超过了16,甚至短时间内还大于20,如在上世纪的20年代,60年代和最近几年.就在去年10月,其他指标还显示股市还处于合理估值状态,格雷翰姆--多德指标却达到了令人不安的 27.如果一段时间内,市盈率超过20,伴随而来的情况是股市急剧回调,同时,至少在以后的10年内,投资回报都很差.长期市盈率在1932年回落到6,1982年达到7,这之后,股市开始自我修正,股价反转拉升.就在本周二的暴涨后,市盈率率低于长期均值16.这有点难以相信.股市从去年10月算起,已经下跌了40%,25年以来的经验也提示应该发生反弹了.但问题在于.自1980年以来,股价经常在略微下跌后就开始反弹,短期下跌后又创下新高,于是,整个市场已经严重高估了.就如专门研究泡沫经济的经济学家罗伯特.席勒所言,人类更倾向于依据近期的经验来做决策.于是我们很容易预测股市就如1987年或最近的10年中发生的一样,很快就发生反弹,而不是类似二十世纪30,40,70年代经历漫长的低迷.当然,那些在1930年或1975年里认为股市即将转好的人,不得不等待很长的时间才让投资回本.巴菲特与格先生与其他唱多者都了解券历史,但是他们还是看好后市.(如果我有巴菲特那样的优惠的交易条件,我也许比他们更愿意唱多市场.在高盛与通用电器的交易中,为了获得资金与巴菲特个人良好的声誉,两家公司都承诺每年给巴菲特至少10%的回报.)于是我在周二下午电话询问富有传奇色的先锋集团的创始人格先生.先锋集团是一家投资公司,它掌管的低成本指数基金曾为很多人赚取大量财富.格先生说,他同样偏好于10年期的市盈率估值,但他不认为,指标要回到1930年或1970年的低值水平才开始购买股票.你肯定能理解为何有这样的结论.投资者都充分意识到在以前的金融危机中市场曾跌到非理性的低价水平,于是在这次危机中他们可能不会让类似的低价再次出现.格先生同时认为,企业盈利水平在今后几年中很快得到恢复,他还注意到当前的利率水平很低.低利率经常伴随着牛市的出现----尽管不一定每次都是如此.另外,要考虑其他的投资选择是否真正具有吸引力?储蓄,货币基金,以及债券,都必须要考虑抵消通涨的影响.而投资股票,平均能获得大约3%的股息率,超过了储蓄存款利率.而且就以后的几十年来说,股价的增长几乎是确定的.如果你的投资期限放长到十年几十年,而不是几个月或几年,那么,现在可能是极好的买入机会.然而就短期而言,现在选择买入,结果可能很糟糕,同时还面临更大的投资风险. /200811/55020

如果人生没有爱情,就好像一颗没有花朵和果实的树一样。找到一个让自己深爱人,就好像一场艰难的战斗。Dreary feelings like confusion, frustration, tension, and sadness are some of the feelings we experience when we are out of balance. Love is an essential part of life, especially on Valentine’s Day. Life without love is like a tree without blossom and fruit, wrote Khalil Gibran.Finding the one big love has always been an uphill battle. Think of this: there are approximately three billion men and women on the planet. Eliminating the old, the young and the aly committed, this still leaves a substantial potential pool of perfectly precious people.Love is the most beautiful feeling. It thrills the heart including other organs. So, do not bite your nails worrying, with the appropriate behavior, here are some tips on how to find love before Valentine’s Day.Be fresh. Be clean and neat, inside and out. The feeling of cleanliness makes you comfortable to huddle up or to get close with anyone.Do not put your image down. The first ingredient to dating success is self-confidence. In short, if you cannot convince yourself that you are such a charming, and appealing person, how can you convince others? Get rid of negative subconscious messages inside of you. Forget thoughts like “I am fat,” “I stammer,” or “I am short in height.” However, do not over do it, you might end up conceited or arrogant. Just be kind to yourself.Be interesting and interested. You may not be very interested in computer games and you may want to hear more tips on cross-stitching, however, if you are open to the potentials in someone else’s world, you can find new and interesting surprises. Ask questions—this is the best cure for the anxiety of wondering what to talk about--or you can prepare a few in advance. Likewise, be a good listener. A great conversation is a good blend of talking and listening.Make first contact short. Lunch date is brilliant. If it ends great, it means both of you want more. If it ends otherwise, the next thing to do is to wave goodbye. Remember, dating is gaining experience. Dating is a gracious activity.Be yourself. Most people try to be someone else—usually a smarter, more likeable, more compelling version of themselves. Do not impart your darkest secrets or provide a detailed list of your worst fears. Be yourself means being you, without fretting about your perfection percentage. Things that make a first date truly memorable are the mental more than the physical connections.Breathe. Relax. Do feel desperate if your date is not a contender for the Big Time. Appreciate the fact that your date took the time to meet you. If your date is not interesting enough, then it is time to move on.When will love come? Some find love late. Some find love soon. Some find love with the rose in May and some with the nightingale in June, wrote Pakenham Beatty.Dating is the look-see encounter. If the person wins your heart, or vice-versa, then your Valentine's Day will be special. If not, look back at the experience with appreciation and respect. For some love sings, for some love sighs, for some love's lips are dumb, added Pakenham Beatty. /200902/62004

Home 美国人的家 Home. Few words in the English language have such a special meaning. Home is a place where you can relax, kick back and just be yourself. Just about everyone has a strong opinion of what makes a house a home. And for most people in America, home should be, above all, comfortable. 家。在英文中没有几个字有这样特别的意义。家是一个你可以放松、只要做你自己的地方。大概每个人对于如何把一间屋子变成一个家都非常有主见。对大多数的美国人来说,家最重要的应该是舒适。 Americans like their homes to reflect their personal tastes. Many do-it-yourselfers enjoy fixing up their house and making it more "livable." They often try to create a cozy atmosphere so that when they're at home, they'll really feel "at home." Sofas and lounge chairs may be heavily padded and arranged in groupings conducive to relaxed conversation. The bathroom even receives special attention. Carpeted floors, scented soaps, colorful wallpaper and decorative curtains adorn the "comfort room" in many homes. And on average, Americans have more bathrooms than any other people in the world. 美国人喜欢让家反映出他们个人的品味。许多喜欢自己动手做的人沉醉于修补他们的房子并让它更「适于居住」。他们常试着营造一个温暖而舒适的气氛,这样当他们待在家时,会真的感觉到「毫无拘束」。沙发及安乐椅可能会被铺上厚厚的垫子,并运用不同空间组合的摆设,让坐的人可以轻松的谈话。甚至连浴室也颇费心思:铺有地毯的地板、香气四溢的肥皂、色的壁纸及装饰窗帘,如此就打扮出了许多家庭的「舒之地」。平均来说,美国人拥有的浴室比世界上其它的人都多。 Lisa Marie Odegard, an interior designer in Bozeman, Montana, comments that "a home is a haven. People want an open, easy feeling to make their homes comfortable." For that reason, many new homes now have big, open kitchens and vaulted ceilings. 蒙大拿州柏斯曼的一位室内设计师丽莎?区迪嘉谈到:「家是一个避难所。人们想要一个开放、轻松的感觉来让他们的家变得很舒适。」因为这个原因,现在许多新房子都有大而开放的厨房以及拱形的屋顶。Americans try to make the most of their space, too. The majority of homes have built-in closets and shelves, and people spare no pains to add dressers, filing cabinets and closet organizers to maximize their storage space. Although keeping the house neat is often a constant battle, Americans feel it's a battle worth fighting. 美国人也试着将空间做最佳的利用。大多数的家庭都有壁橱以及架子,人们也不辞辛劳的添加橱柜、文件柜以及壁柜分隔架来加大储藏空间。虽然让房子维持整洁像是一场永无止尽的长期战役,美国人觉得这是一个值得打下去的战役。 People in America keep an eye on the latest trends in interior design. In the 80s, the "country" look dominated the home decorating scene. Rustic furniture and shelves full of old-fashioned knick-knacks created a homey atmosphere reminiscent of rural America several generations back. The 90s have brought in another longing for the past: the retro 50s and 60s look--plain and simple furniture with square backs and arms and block-style legs. 美国人也会注意室内设计的最新时尚。八○年代,「乡村」风貌主导了家庭装潢;摆满旧式风格的小摆设的质朴家俱及架子,创造出一种会令人想起几世代以前以农业为主的美国之家庭气氛。九○年代又带入另一个怀旧情愫:回溯到五○及六○年代风貌--有四方形靠背、把手以及有方正桌脚的朴素、简单的家俱。Some parts of the country have their own regional preferences. In the western ed States, homeowners favor the Navajo Indian style of the Southwest or the cowboy look. In contrast, Easterners prefer French Country or more "fussy" styles. 国内某些地方的人们有他们自己地区性的偏好。在美国西部,屋主们喜欢西南部印地安拿佛和族或是牛仔式的风格。相对的,东部人喜欢法国乡村或是更漂亮的形式。 With all this attention to their homes, you would think Americans place a high premium on housekeeping. In fact, however, keeping house doesn't receive as much attention as it used to. Why? The fast-paced lifestyles of the 90s allow little spare time for dusting, vacuuming and scrubbing the tub. Ironically, however, even though more and more women work outside the home, women still do twice as much house work as men. Modern conve-niences like the washing machine, the vacuum cleaner, and the dishwasher have taken some of the drudgery out of household chores. But in general, Americans these days take their cue from books like How to Avoid Housework. 花了这么多心思在他们的家,你大概会认为美国人非常重视家庭的打理与清洁,但是事实上,整理家务已不像以前一样受重视。为什么?九○年代步调快速的生活方式几乎没有留什么时间撢灰尘、吸尘以及刷洗浴缸。然而,讽刺的是,即使越来越多的妇女在外工作,她们还是比男人多做两倍的家务。虽然像是洗衣机、吸尘器和洗碗机等现代家电已代为处理家事中一些乏味、辛苦的工作。但一般而言,美国人今天已会向「如何避免家务」这类的书来求救。As a result, you might think American homes of the 90s are less than spotless. Witness the fact that sales of household cleaning products have declined in recent years. Besides that, Americans seem to be less persnickety about their housecleaning--especially in areas that nobody sees. Vacuum under the sofa? Dust the baseboards? Are you kidding? Ironically, though, American women seem quite satisfied with their housekeeping, according to a national survey conducted in 1995-96. Besides that, people are designing their homes with low-maintenance features--tile in bathrooms and kitchens as well as marble on countertops--to cut down on the need for frequent cleaning. Even so, more and more people are hiring outside help to clean their houses. A Roper poll found that one in six Americans hired cleaning help last year, up from one in 10 in 1986. One professional housecleaning service, Merry Maids, has grown to over 800 franchises in recent years. 因此,你可能会认为九○年代的美国家庭大概不是一尘不染。由家用清洁产品的销售量在近几年下降便可见一般。此外,美国人似乎对于家庭的清洁比较不那么吹毛求疵了--特别是对那些没有人看到的地方。吸沙发下的灰尘?撢踢脚板?你开玩笑?但可笑的是,根据一九九五/六年做的一项全国性调查,美国妇女似乎对他们的家务整理挺满意。除此之外,人们以较不需要时时清洁的材料来设计他们的家--在浴室及厨房贴磁砖以及做大理石的台面--减少打扫的次数。即使如此,越来越多的人雇用外人协助清理屋子。一项洛普民意调查发现,去年有六分之一的美国雇用清洁务,较一九八六年的十分之一比率上升许多。一个专业性的家务清理务「快乐女佣公司」在最近几年已成长到有八百多家的连锁店。In a pre-Revolutionary War speech in 1761, James Otis made the famous remark that "a man's home is his castle." Americans like their castle to be as comfortable as possible. They would like to have a home they can be proud of, a place they can call their own. Not everyone's home looks like a castle, but "be it ever so humble, there's no place like home." 在一七六一年独立战争前的一次演说中,詹姆士。欧提斯留下了一句名言--「男人的家是他的城堡」。美国人喜欢他们的城堡能够尽可能的舒适,他们都想要有一个引以为荣的家,一个可以属于他们自己的地方。并不是每个人的家都看起来像是一座城堡,但是「即使是非常简陋,但没有一个地方可以比得上家。」 /200804/33702Negotiate a Better RaiseA CEO told me a story about a salesperson who asked for a raise. She asked the salesperson, "Why do you deserve a raise?""Because I made less this year than I did last year," explained the salesperson."That's because you sold less this year than you did last year," said the CEO."I know. And I want you to make it up to me," said the salesperson.This salesperson is no longer working for this organization.So how and when should a salesperson ask for a raise? Understanding your boss's point of view will help you position your raise as a good thing for the company, instead of a good thing for you. Here are seven points to consider before negotiating a better deal:1. Make Sure You Have Clout.The salesperson in the example above didn't have clout. Coming off a bad year or quarter is the wrong time to test your value. With clout, you could find yourself with a better offer from the company or on the free agent market.A better offer from another firm validates your claim that you're worth more to the company you're working for. If your boss wants to keep you, you have the clout to establish the parameters of your raise. However, if you use the "here's-what-I'm-worth-to-another-company" ploy, you have to be willing to leave.2. Watch Your Timing.Don't even think about asking for a raise until you've been there a year or more. Your value to the company increases when you have some customer relationships that you can leverage for increased sales and referrals.3. Ask for Small Increases in Your Base Salary Based on Inflation.If it's been a while since your base pay was adjusted, this ploy might work. However, the trend today is for lower bases and increased incentives. This lets companies reduce fixed expenses while rewarding you for meeting company expectations. /200905/70634Music to your ears can be music for your heart, tooSongs that make our hearts soar can make them stronger too, US researchers reported on Tuesday.They found that when people listened to their favorite music, their blood vessels dilated in much the same way as when laughing, or taking blood medications."We have a pretty impressive effect," said Dr Michael Miller, director of preventive cardiology at the University of Maryland Medical Center in Baltimore."Blood vessel diameter improved," he said. "The vessel opened up pretty significantly. You can see the vessels opening up with other activities such as exercise." A similar effect is seen with drugs such as statins and ACE inhibitors.When blood vessels open more, blood flows more smoothly and is less likely to form the blood clots that cause heart attacks and strokes. Elastic vessels also resist the hardening activity of atherosclerosis."We are not saying to stop your statins or not to exercise but to add this to an overall program of heart health," said Miller, who presented his findings to a meeting of the American Heart Association in New Orleans.Miller's team tested 10 healthy, non-smoking men and women, who were told to bring their favorite music.They spent half an hour listening to the recordings and half an hour listening to music they said made them feel anxious while the researchers did ultrasound tests designed to show blood vessel function.Compared to their normal baseline measurements, blood vessel diameter increased 26 percent on average when the volunteers heard their joyful music. Listening to music they disliked - in most cases in this group heavy metal - narrowed blood vessels by six percent, Miller said.Miller said he came up with the idea after discovering the laughter caused blood to literally flow more smoothly."I asked myself what other things make us feel real good, besides calories from dark chocolate of course. Music came to mind. ... It makes me feel real good," he said.Most of the volunteers chose country music but Miller said the style is not so important as what pleases each individual. 美国研究人员于本周二称,令人心情欢畅的音乐还能让心脏更加健康。研究人员发现,当人们聆听他们喜爱的音乐时,血管就会扩张,跟大笑和用血管扩张药物的效果相仿。巴尔的马里兰大学医学中心的预防心脏病学主管迈克尔#8226;米勒士说:“这一效果非常显著,血管直径增大,血管扩张明显。我们知道,人们在从事体育锻炼等其他一些活动时血管也会扩张。”此外,用他汀类药物和血管紧张素转化酶抑制剂也会出现类似效果。人体血管扩张得越充分,血液流动就越畅通,导致心脏病和中风的血栓就越不易形成。血管弹性增强还可以预防动脉硬化。迈克尔#8226;米勒士在新奥尔良举办的美国心脏病协会研讨会上公布了他的研究成果。他说:“这并不是说听听音乐就可以不吃药或者不锻炼了,但它可以作为保护心脏健康的一个良好的补充。”研究人员对10位身体健康、不吸烟的男性和女性进行了测试,这些人都按照要求带来了自己平时最爱听的音乐。研究人员让研究对象先听半小时自己带来的音乐,再听半小时让他们感到焦虑的音乐,并在此期间对他们进行血管功能超声波检测。实验结果表明,研究对象在听自己喜爱的音乐时,血管直径比正常水平平均增大了26%,而在听他们不喜欢的音乐时(多为重金属音乐),血管较平时收缩了6%。米勒称,他在发现“大笑可以使血流更通畅”这一事实后产生了这个想法。他说:“我问自己,除了黑巧克力的热量外,还有什么能让我们感到愉悦呢?我想到了音乐,音乐能让我感到真正的愉悦。”参与实验的多数志愿者自带的是乡村音乐,但米勒说,只要是自己喜欢,哪种类型的音乐并不重要。 /200811/56130

白羊座 21/03-20/04Adventurous, energetic, pioneering, courageous, enthusiastic, confident, dynamic and quick-witted.优点:喜欢冒险,精力旺盛,乐观进取有自信,热情有活力,勇于接受新观念,有明快的决断力, 爆发力强,勇于接受挑战。Selfish, quick-tempered, impulsive, impatient, foolhardy and daredevil.缺点:自私,急躁,缺乏耐性,粗心大意,容易冲动,行事鲁莽。 /201004/102166A protein found in milk is the latest treatment for stress. The protein, lactium, appears to have a calming effect on the body by lowering blood pressure and reducing levels of cortisol, a hormone released when the body is stressed.   最近,科学家在牛奶中发现了一种新的可以减缓压力的蛋白质,这种名为酪蛋白水解物的蛋白质具有镇静作用,当人体处于压力状态下时,这种蛋白质可通过降低血压、降低皮质醇(一种人处于压力下肾上腺分泌出的压力荷尔蒙)来有效缓解压力。 /200909/85708七夕节马上就到了,七夕节到来时,我们该对心爱的人说些什么呢?十二星座各有各的"七夕节情话"  水瓶座(1.21-2.19)  You are the one I have been looking for。  你就是我一直在追寻的人。(好直白哦)  双鱼座(2.20-3.20)  Okay. Let us try to be the luckiest couple on earth。  好!让我们试着成为世上最幸运的一对。(比较“西式”)  牡羊座(3.21-4.20)Baby, will you be my valentine ? I will make you the happiest girl on earth。  宝贝,当我的情人吧?我将使你成为世上最快乐的女孩。 (强势示爱) /201008/111440

虽然最近在国内也相当盛行吃西餐,但是在内容和形式上,随著各餐厅的经营型态而“纯”、“杂”不等,“繁”、“简”不一,十分值得一谈。   美国的西餐,和欧洲许多国家也颇有不同。如果您到美国旅游,赴家庭宴会或在餐馆吃“正餐”时,请先注意下列一般原则:   1. 男女一起在餐馆用餐,通常由男方负责点菜(order)和付帐(pay the check or bill)。   2. 许多基督教或天主教家庭饭前要由家中一员带领祷告(say a prayer or "blessing"),您即使不信教,也请跟着低头,以示礼貌和尊重。   3. 美国人宴客,是由女主人(或男主人)先拿起餐具进食,客人才跟着动餐具。   4. 如果您不喜欢递过来的菜肴时,只要说"No, thank you."即可。   5. 咀嚼食物,一定要避免出声。   6. 用过的刀、叉,必须放回盘子里,不能放在餐桌巾上。   7. 吃完主菜,把刀和叉平行地斜放在主菜盘(main plate)上,是向主人或侍者表示可以把主菜餐盘拿走了。   8. 席间要轻声谈些轻松愉快的话题,尽量避免一声不响地闷着头吃饭。   下面请看这一段模拟的席间对话:   Hostess: Would you like to have some more chicken ?   Guest: No, thank you. The chicken is very delicious, but I'm just too full.   Host: But I hope you saved room for dessert. Mary makes very good pumpkin pies.   Guest: That sounds very tempting. But I hope we can wait a little while, if you don't mind.   Host: Of course. How about some coffee or tea now ?   Guest: Tea, please. Thanks.   餐位(Seating arrangement)   餐位的安排大致上如上图。原则上男主宾(Gentleman of honor)坐在女主人(hostess)右边,女主宾(lady of honor )坐在男主人(host)右边,而且多半是男女相间而坐,夫妇不坐在一起,以免各自聊家常话而忽略与其他宾客间的交际。 /201002/961811. Never Get Obsessed with your Appearance. 绝不要为自己的外貌而烦恼。We think you look great (though some of the outfits you wear worry us!). Please be happy with the person you are and the body you have. Eat sensibly, take exercise and be healthy. Some girls become obsessed with losing weight or getting the perfect shape. You look fine.我们认为你长得很美(尽管你穿的某些时装令我们担忧!)。你就是你,不要为自己的外貌烦恼。要合理膳食,多做运动,保持健康。有些女孩子为减肥或塑造完美的身材而烦恼。但你已经很好了。 /200907/78431

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