2020年02月23日 20:46:39|来源:国际在线|编辑:排名晚报
1. Avoid grad school in the liberal arts. 不要进文科类的研究生院。 One in five English Phd's find stable university jobs, and the degree won't help outside the university.五分之一的英语士能找到稳定的大学职位,但如果走出校门,这个学位就没什么用处了。 /201005/103593白羊座 3.21-4.19Personal alterations will be in your best interest. Your goals will be in reach if you direct your energy wisely. Nothing can be resolved if you don't want to talk about it. Your anger may be impossible to contain if you get into debates with family members.个人的改变是对你有益的。如果能够合理的投入精力,你的目标是可以实现的。如果你连谈都不想谈的话,任何问题都是无法解决的。如果和家人发生争吵,你将无法抑制怒火。Your lucky day this week will be Sunday.本周幸运日:周日。金牛座 4.20-5.20You are best not to retaliate if members of your household are trying to pick a fight. It is best not to upset the apple cart if you learn information that may damage a colleague's reputation. Do not invest in joint ventures. You may not want to spend time around family or your home.如果你的家人想引发争端,你最好不要报复。如果获得了可以损坏同事名誉的信息,最好不要泄露出去。不要进行合资。你可能不想和家人呆在一起,或是呆在家里。Your lucky day this week will be Thursday.本周幸运日:周四。双子座 5.21-6.21Your mate is going to want and need some attention. Authority figures may be less than accommodating if you have done something deceitful. Keep a lookout for any individuals eager to confront you with unsavory situations. You should avoid getting involved in the personal problems of colleagues.你的伴侣会希望得到别人的关注。如果你做了具有欺诈性的事情,政府官员那可能不好通融。对于任何想让你陷入困境的人,要保持警惕。要避免卷入同事的私事中。Your lucky day this week will be Monday.本周幸运日:周一。巨蟹座 6.22-7.22Concentrate on getting ahead financially and let your personal life settle down for a while. You should avoid getting involved in the personal problems of colleagues. Children may be less than honest with you. Lack of cash might be partly to blame for the problems at home.把精力投入财务发展上,让你的私生活暂时先稳定下来。要避免卷入同事的私事中。孩子可能对比并不诚实。现金紧缺的原因之一可能是家里的问题。Your lucky day this week will be Wednesday.本周幸运日:周三。 /201011/117297Nearly half of US employers research the online profiles of job candidates on social networks such as Facebook, MySpace or LinkedIn, according to a new survey.一项最新调查显示,美国近一半的雇主会上Facebook、MySpace或LinkedIn这样的社交网站搜索应聘者的在线资料。Forty-five percent of the employers surveyed for CareerBuilder.com, the largest US online job site, said they use social networking sites to check on job candidates, up from just 22 percent in a survey conducted last year.这项为美国最大的求职网站CareerBuilder.com开展的调查显示,45%的受访雇主称他们通过社交网站来查看求职者的信息,这一比例较之去年的22%有所提高。Another 11 percent said they plan to start using social networking sites for screening.另有11%的雇主称他们打算开始使用社交网站来筛选人才。"As social networking grows increasingly pervasive, more employers are utilizing these sites to screen potential employees," CareerBuilder said in a statement.CareerBuilder网站在一份声明中说:“由于社交网站日趋流行,如今越来越多的雇主使用这些网站来筛选潜在雇员。”It said job seekers should "be mindful of the information they post online."声明称,求职者应“注意他们贴在网上的个人资料”。CareerBuilder said that of those who conduct online searches as background checks on job candidates, 29 percent use Facebook, 26 percent use LinkedIn and 21 percent use MySpace.CareerBuilder网站称,在那些通过网络核查职位候选人背景的雇主中,有29%的人使用Facebook,26%的人使用LinkedIn,21%使用MySpace。Eleven percent search blogs while seven percent follow candidates on micro-blogging service Twitter.11%的雇主进行客搜索,7%的人在微型客网站Twitter上对职位候选人进行跟踪。Thirty-five percent of those surveyed said they have found content on a social network that caused them not to hire a candidate, CareerBuilder said.CareerBuilder网站说,在受访雇主中,有35%的人说他们在社交网站中发现过一些导致他们决定不雇佣某个候选人的内容。Examples included "provocative or inappropriate photographs or information" or content about drinking or using drugs.这样的例子包括“挑衅或不雅的照片或信息”,或是一些有关酗酒或吸毒的内容。Other reasons cited were badmouthing a previous employer, co-workers or clients, poor communication skills, making discriminatory comments, lying about qualifications or sharing confidential information from a previous employer.其他一些被列举的原因包括恶意攻击前雇主、同事或客户,拙劣的交流技巧,发表歧视性言论,谎报资质或是泄露从前雇主那得知的机密信息等等。Information found on social networking profiles was not always a negative factor in finding a job.但雇主从社交网络上了解的信息并不总是这么消极。Eighteen percent of employers said they have found content on social networking sites that caused them to hire the candidate, CareerBuilder said.CareerBuilder 网站称,18%的雇主说他们在社交网站上发现过让他们决定雇佣某位应聘者的内容。Some profiles "provided a good feel for the candidate's personality" or supported their professional qualifications while others demonstrated creativity or solid communication skills.一些(候选人)的个人资料“让人对他们的个性产生好感”或是明了他们的专业资质,而另外一些信息则显示出了候选人的创造性或良好的沟通技巧。Rosemary Haefner, vice president of human resources at CareerBuilder, recommended that candidates "clean up digital dirt" before beginning a job search by removing photos, content and links which could hurt their chances.CareerBuilder网站人力资源部副总监罗丝玛丽·海弗娜建议求职者在开始找工作之前先“清理网上垃圾”,删除可能影响他们就业机会的照片、内容和链接。The survey of 2,667 hiring managers and human resource professionals was conducted by Harris Interactive between May 22 and June 10. It has a sampling error of plus or minus 1.9 percentage points.这项对2667名招聘经理和人力专员的调查由哈里斯互动调查公司开展,于5月22日至6月10之间进行。该调查的抽样误差为正负1.9个百分点。 /200908/82324

Science and technology.科技。Animal cognition动物的认知Man#39;s best friend人类的挚友Can dogs really show empathy towards humans?真的能感受人类的情绪吗?DOGS quickly become part of the family. Tales abound of dogs celebrating joy in a household or commiserating when tragedy strikes. This may not seem surprising after 15,000 years of co-evolution. But what hard evidence is there of dogs#39; empathy with humans? A new experiment suggests that behind all the waggy tails there really is something deeper going on.很快成了人类家庭中的一员,它们庆祝家庭喜事,怜悯悲剧的发生,这种故事屡见不鲜。在人类与共同进化了一万五千年之后,这点或许并不稀奇。但有没有确凿的据能够明能体会人类的感受呢?最近一项新的实验表明,背后的确隐藏着更深的含义。Past experiments have hinted that animals can feel sympathy. Rats and monkeys had been found to forgo food to avoid delivering electric shocks to relatives. Similarly, apes have recently been documented consoling one another after conflicts. However, all these experiments and observations were demonstrating an animal#39;s sensitivity to distress in other members of the same species. Deborah Custance and Jennifer Mayer of Goldsmiths College, London, set out to see if dogs could detect the emotional state of humans.以往的一些实验已经间接地表明动物们也具有同情心。科学家发现,老鼠和猴子会放弃食物,以防自己受到电击而危害同伴。类似的还有大猩猩,它们会在发生争斗后彼此安慰。然而这些实验和观察都只能明同物种的动物相互之间拥有感受痛楚的能力。伦敦金史密斯大学的黛拉?科斯坦斯与詹妮弗?梅耶正在着手研究,看它们能否察觉人类的情绪状态。To do this, Dr Custance and Ms Mayer conducted an experiment to study the response of dogs when a nearby human suddenly began to cry. The researchers knew that interpreting responses would be difficult, since dogs tend to whine, nuzzle, lick, lay their heads in laps and fetch toys for people in distress. Although such actions hint at a dog wishing to offer comfort, they could also be signs of curiosity, or suggest that a dog is simply distressed by seeing its master upset.为了研究这个问题,科斯坦斯士与梅耶女士进行了一项试验。他们将安排在一个人身边,观察在此人突然开始哭泣时的反应。他们深知想要解读的反应是十分困难的,因为在这种条件下经常会发出呜呜声,把鼻子贴在人的大腿上并蹭蹭舔舔,还会在人类悲伤时叼来玩具哄人开心。尽管这样的行为暗示着它们想要给主人提供安慰,但同时也可能仅仅代表了它们的好奇心,又或者它们只是看到主人懊恼感到忧虑罢了。To work round this, the researchers presented 18 dogs of various breeds with four separate 20-second conditions. They included their owner crying, a stranger crying and both taking it in turns to hum ;Mary had a little lamb;. All four of these conditions were preceded by two minutes of mundane conversation between Ms Mayer, who filled the role of the stranger, and the dog#39;s owner.为了能够正确解读的反应,研究者在实验中采用了18条不同品种的并将它们分别置于时长均为20秒的四种不同的情境中,分别为主人在一旁哭泣、陌生人在一旁哭泣、主人与陌生人轮流对哼唱《玛丽有只小羊羔》。在每种情境开始前,梅耶女士都会充当陌生人的角色与的主人进行时长两分钟的常规交谈。Dr Custance and Ms Mayer suspected that if exposure to crying led dogs to feel distress, then regardless of who was crying, the dog would go to their master to seek comfort. They also theorised that if curiosity, rather than empathy, was the driving force, then the humming would cause dogs to engage with people.科斯坦斯士与梅耶女士猜想如果看到人类哭泣会感到悲伤的话,无论是其主人还是陌生人,都会去主人那里寻求安慰。他们还建立了一个理论,如果使接近人类的是它们好奇心而非感情上的共鸣,那么哼唱小曲同样会使跟人类进行互动。As they report in Animal Cognition, ;person-oriented behaviour; did sometimes take place when either the stranger or the owner hummed, but it was more than twice as likely to occur if someone was crying. This indicated that dogs were differentiating between odd behaviour and crying. And of the 15 dogs in the experiment that showed person-oriented responses when the stranger cried, all of them directed their attention towards the stranger rather than their owner.正如他们在《动物的认知》中描述的一样,不管是陌生人还是的主人哼唱小曲儿,有时候的确会对人类的这些活动作出一定回应,但哭泣的人吸引到注意的概率比唱歌的人要高出两倍以上。这表明能区分哭泣与其他一些奇怪的行为。在此次实验中有15条在看到陌生人哭泣时表现出了同情人类的行为,这些都把注意力转向了哭泣的陌生人而非它们的主人。These discoveries suggest that dogs do have the ability to express empathetic concern. But although the results are clear enough, Dr Custance argues that more work needs to be done to be sure that such behaviour is true empathy. It is possible, she points out, that the dogs were drawing on previous experiences in which they were rewarded for approaching distressed human companions. Dog-owners, however, are unlikely to need any more convincing.这些发现表明的确有表达关心的能力。科斯坦斯士说,尽管结论已经十分明确,我们仍需要更多做工来确定它们的行为是否真的因为它们能体会人类的感受。她指出,可能是出于以往获得的经验即靠近它们的人类同伴能获得奖励进而表现出这种行为。而对于能通人性这一点主人已经十分清楚了。 /201208/193541

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