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2019年10月14日 13:33:37 | 作者:养心媒体 | 来源:新华社
My second story is about love and loss.我的第二个故事是关于热爱和得失I was lucky. I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a 2 billion dollars company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation - the Macintosh - a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.我很幸运,因为我早早便发现了自己喜欢做什么。我在20岁的时候和沃兹(Steve Wozniak)一起在我父母的车库里开创了苹果公司。我们工作十分努力,十年里后,苹果从车库里只有我们两人发展成为一家拥有4,000多名员工、市值20亿的公司。在第九年的时候,我们刚刚发布了我们最棒的产品——麦金托什电脑,而我刚到30岁。然后我被炒了鱿鱼。你怎么能被自己创办的公司炒鱿鱼呢?是这样的,随着苹果的发展,我们聘用了一个我认为颇有才能的人来和我一起运营公司,最初的一年里,一切进展顺利。但之后我们对未来的看法开始出现了分歧,最终我们吵翻了,这时,我们的董事会站在了他那边。于是,我在30岁的时候离开了,而且弄得人人皆知。我成年后全部生活的重心不复存在,这对我是一个毁灭性的打击。I really didnt know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me.I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me. I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.有几个月我都真的不知道该做些什么。我觉得,我让创业先辈们失望了——我丢掉了传到我手上的接力棒。我去见了戴维·帕卡德(David Packard)和鲍勃·诺伊斯(Bob Noyce),试图为我把事情搞砸而道个歉。这个失败弄得满城皆知,我甚至想过逃离硅谷。但我渐渐地开始有了明确的想法——我仍然热爱我做过的一切。苹果公司发生的变故并没有丝毫改变这一点。我被驱逐了,但我仍然热爱我的事业。所以我决定重新开始。I didnt see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.那时候我还没有意识到,但后来事实却明,被苹果炒鱿鱼是发生在我身上的最好的事情。我放下了已有成就的重担,取而代之的是重新创业、探索未来的轻松。这使我轻装上阵,进入了我一生中最富创造力的时期之一。During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I retuned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apples current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.在接下来的五年之中,我创办了NeXT公司,还有皮克斯(Pixar)公司,我爱上了一位了不起的女人,她后来成为我的妻子。皮克斯公司制作了世界第一部用电脑制作的动画片《玩具总动员》,它现在是世界上最成功的动画工作室。接下来峰回路转,苹果在一个特殊的机遇下收购了NeXT,我又回到了苹果公司,我们在NeXT开发的技术是让苹果现在起死回生的核心技术。并且,劳伦(Laurence)和我共同拥有一个幸福的家庭。Im pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadnt been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Dont lose faith. Im convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. Youve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you havent found it yet, keep looking. Dont settle. As with all matters of the heart, youll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking. Dont settle.我十分确定,如果我没有被苹果解雇,这一切都不会发生。这是一剂苦药,但是我认为对病人有好处。有时候,生活会给你当头一棒,但是不要失去信心。我相信促使我一往无前的唯一动力就是我热爱我所做的一切。你们一定要找到你们的所爱。对爱人是如此,对工作亦如此。你的工作将占据你的大部分生活,真正令人满意的唯一办法就是做你认为伟大的工作。而做伟大的工作的唯一途径就是热爱你的工作。如果你还没有找到你喜欢做的事情,请继续寻找。不要停顿。用你全部身心去寻找,当你找到的时候你会有所感知。而且,正如任何美好的事物一样,日久弥新。因此要不断地寻找,不要放弃。不要半途而废。201307/247926You need an AUV, an autonomous underwater vehicle.你需要个AUV,一个自行式水下航行器。It needs to be one smart puppy, able to navigate and make decisions on its own in an alien ocean.它必须很聪明,能够自己导航在陌生的外星球的大洋里能够自己做决定。What Jim didnt know when he released that movie was that six months earlier NASA had funded a team I assembled to develop a prototype for the Europa AUV.吉姆公映这部电影时并不知道六个月前NASA(美国宇航局)已拨款给我集合的一个团队去研发木卫二自行式水下航行器的原型。I mean, I cut through three years of engineering meetings, design and system integration, and introduced DEPTHX Deep Phreatic Thermal Explorer.我花了三年的工程会议,设计和系统整合,设计了DEPTHX-深水热源探索仪。And as the movie says, this is one smart puppy.就像电影描述的,这是一个灵敏的小东西。Its got 96 sensors, 36 onboard computers,它有96个传感器,36台车携式电脑,100,000 lines of behavioral autonomy code,十万条自主行为指令,packs more than 10 kilos of TNT in electrical onboard equivalent.携带着十多公斤的炸药。This is the target site,这是目的地,the worlds deepest hydrothermal spring at Cenote Zacaton in northern Mexico.墨西哥北部萨卡通石灰岩洞的世界最深温泉。Its been explored to a depth of 292 meters.有人曾经探索到292米深处。and beyond that nobody knows anything.再深就没人知道是什么样了。This is part of DEPTHXs mission.探索它是深水热源探测仪的任务之一。There are two primary targets were doing here.我们有两个正在研究的主要方向。One is, how do you do science autonomy underground?一个是如何在地下自动地做科学实验?How do you take a robot and turn it into a field microbiologist?如何将机器人变成野外工作的生物学家?There are more stages involved here than Ive got time to tell you about, but basically we drive through the space, we populate it with environmental variables-sulphide, halide, things like that.这个有更多的步骤,可惜我没有足够的时间细述,但是基本上我们操纵机器人穿过这个空间,我们让它探测环境变量-硫化物,卤化物,这样的东西。We calculate gradient surfaces, and drive the bot over to a wall where theres a high probability of life.我们计算倾斜的表面,操纵机器人爬上墙体,那里很有可能存在生命。We move along the wall, in whats called proximity operations,我们沿墙移动,这就是所谓的近距离操做,looking for changes in color.寻找颜色的变化。If we see something that looks interesting, we pull it into a microscope.如果我们遇到什么有趣的东西,我们把它放到显微镜下。If it passes the microscopic test, we go for a collection.如果它通过了显微镜测试,我们就收集样本。201512/413903

He wanted me to have a skill他希望我掌握一门本领and he wanted me to butt my head up against the joy他希望我能冲向自己的兴趣but also the hard reality of finishing medical school但也希望我能刻苦读完医学院finishing residency完成实习期and caring for patients in life-or-death situations照顾同生与死作斗争患者们Im so grateful to my father我很感谢我的父亲So far Ive told you that life is uncertain到目前为止 我告诉你们说人生是不确定的but you aly knew that但你们已经了解了这一点What I really want you to know我真正想让你们了解的是is that you have abundant tools to face that uncertainty你们拥有大量的工具来直面这种不确定性and to lead an extraordinary life, even beyond your wildest dreams成就不平凡的人生 甚至超出你最疯狂的梦想Roy Baumeister is a psychologist罗伊?鲍迈斯特是一位心理学家who has devoted his career to studying the qualities in human beings终生研究能够带领人类取得that lead to what he calls ;positive outcomes;他称之为;积极的结果;的人类素质In this fascinating field, researchers have found在这个令人着迷的领域 研究人员发现that two traits are most consistently associated with success:有两个特质始终与成功相伴intelligence and willpower智力和意志力In Baumeisters book entitled Willpower从鲍迈斯特所著的《意志力》一书中we learn that efforts to permanently increase intelligence have failed我们了解到 虽然永久地提高智力的努力归于失败but people can in fact improve their willpower但人其实是可以提高自身的意志力的201502/359480

The Chinese economy is of course much smaller than the ed States; with a smaller motor, the world economy is likely to move forward at a slower pace. But within these limits a tectonic shift is taking place between the ed States and China with third parties reorienting themselves to the source of positive impulses. The shift may not be permanent or irreversible, but at the present moment, it constitutes the most predictable and significant trend in the global political economy and China is pulling its trading partners like Brazil and some African and Asian counties along with it. India is also doing well based on domestic growth.中国的经济总量显然要比美国小得多;马达变小了,世界经济发展可能会放慢步伐。 但是,由于这些限制,美国与中国之间正在发生结构性的变化,别的国家也在重新调整自己的方向以找到发展的原动力。这个变化也许不会是永久的或不可逆转的,但在目前,这是全球政治经济可预测和显著的趋势。中国正在带动像巴西这样的贸易伙伴和一些非洲、亚洲的国家向前发展。印度立足于国内,经济增长势头良好。The success of Chinese economic policy cannot be taken for granted. The infrastructure investment in the Chinese hinterland may or may not generate self-sustaining economic growth. Under the Chinese system, the return on new investments is generally very low because investment decisions are dictated by political rather than commercial considerations. On the previous two occasions, the relaxation of bank credit produced a spate of bad loans.我们也不能想当然地认为中国经济政策必定会成功。在中国内地,政府对基础设施的投资会不会使经济保持自我持续的增长还是个未知数。在中国的体制下,因为投资决策是出于政治而非商业考虑,所以新投资的回报率通常很低。前两次信贷的宽松导致了大批不良贷款。201409/331392

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