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大理市漾濞县人工流产哪家医院最好的鹤庆县引产哪家医院最好的When the monthlong marathon of men’s fashion shows kicks off this week, so will the scrimmage to cover it: the race by newspapers, magazines, television networks, social media platforms and blogs to get a piece of the action for themselves and their viewers.本周,长达一个月的男装秀开始了,报道男装秀的混战也烽烟再起:报纸、杂志、电视台、社交媒体和客竞相为自己和读者分一杯羹。Joining the melee for the first time will be Grindr, the famous (or infamous, depending on your point of view) social-networking app primarily for gay men. On Sunday, the app will live-stream the fall 2016 men’s wear show of J. W. Anderson as it hits the runway at London Collections: Men, the city’s biannual men’s fashion week.今年第一次加入混战的是Grindr。它是主要面向男同性恋的著名(看你怎么看了,也有人觉得是臭名昭著)交友应用程序。周日(1月3日),该应用程序在线直播J. W. Anderson在两年一度的伦敦男装周(London Collections: Men)上的2016秋季男装秀。Grindr’s purview has admittedly been narrow. The app introduces users to others in the surrounding area who are looking to make a connection — as often as not, a sexual one. Its buffet of thumbnail-size photos is, by design, bare-bones (and, not infrequently, bare-chested).不可否认,Grindr的用户群很窄。这个应用程序把用户介绍给周围想要交友的人(大多是想发生性关系)。它的用户照片库只提供简单的小照片(很多照片都是赤膊)。“Grindr is a very, very visual experience,” the app’s founder and chief executive, Joel Simkhai, said in an interview in 2014.2014年,这个应用程序的创始人兼首席执行官乔尔·西姆克海(Joel Simkhai)在接受采访时说:“Grindr非常注重视觉体验。”So, of course, is fashion — even if Grindr is more traditionally thought of as being for those dispensing with clothing than acquiring it.时装当然也是如此——虽然传统观念认为,Grindr是面向那些想脱掉衣而非穿上衣的人。“I think fashion is a sexy platform as well, ultimately,” said Jonathan Anderson, 31, the British designer behind J. W. Anderson, during a break from fittings in London. “We’re all humans, so we all have to be somewhat sexually attractive to someone. That’s the name of the game, with clothing.”J. W. Anderson31岁的英国设计师乔纳森·安德森(Jonathan Anderson)在伦敦试衣的间歇表示:“我认为,说到底,时装也是一个性感平台。我们都是人,所以我们都必须具有一定的性吸引力。装就是用来达到这个目的的。”The designer, who won British Fashion Awards for both women’s and men’s wear designer of the year in 2015, called Grindr “incredibly modern as a platform,” and his decision to put his show on it “a no-brainer.”安德森获得了2015年英国时尚大奖(British Fashion Awards)的女装和男装最佳设计师奖。他认为Grindr“是一个非常现代的平台”,称把自己的时装秀放到这个平台上展示“是自然而然的”决定。Grindr will be the only place to live-stream the show. Users of the app will receive a link and a code to stream the , which will not actually play in the app itself, but in phone and tablet browsers.Grindr将是唯一一个在线直播这场时装秀的平台。这个应用程序的用户将收到一个链接和一个代码,视频不是在应用程序上播放,而是在手机或平板电脑的浏览器里播放。The show is the first time Grindr is experimenting with fashion content, and most likely not the last. According to the company, it now has one million active users on the platform worldwide every minute, and is aiming to broaden its offerings and its appeal.这场时装秀是Grindr首次试验提供时装内容,这很可能不是最后一次。该公司称,现在这个平台每分钟拥有来自世界各地的100万活跃用户,它计划扩大自己的内容和吸引力。In the fall, Grindr hired Landis Smithers, a veteran of Ogilvy amp; Mather and Old Navy, to spearhead its marketing and collaboration. It made waves in the fashion industry when it signed the powerful publicity agency PR Consulting shortly after. (Not by coincidence, PR Consulting also represents J. W. Anderson.)去年秋季,Grindr聘请Ogilvy amp; Mather和Old Navy的资深创意总监兰迪斯·史密瑟斯(Landis Smithers)开拓市场和合作。不久之后,它与著名公关公司PR Consulting签约,在时装界引起轰动(PR Consulting也代理J. W. Anderson,这不是巧合)。Fashion is “a very big topic of interest for a certain segment of our consumer,” Mr. Smithers said, adding that he did not rule out future projects involving music or night life.史密瑟斯说,时尚是“我们的部分用户很感兴趣的重要话题”。他补充说,将来有可能增加与音乐和夜生活相关的内容。He envisions a future for Grindr well beyond the scope of its grabby classifieds, and wants to shed the stigma attached in some corners to using the app.他给Grindr展望的未来远远超越贪婪的分类广告,他想消除在某些地区使用这个应用程序的羞耻感。“There’s a generation out there that doesn’t seem to care if people know that Grindr is on their phone, and there’s a generation that does,” Mr. Smithers said.史密瑟斯说:“有些年龄层的人似乎不介意别人知道自己手机上下载了Grindr,但也有些年龄层介意。”“The app is free to download,” he added. “You don’t have to use it for what its prime function is.”他补充说:“这个应用程序是免费的。你可以不用它的主要功能。” /201601/421353解放军第六十医院体检多少钱 SAN FRANCISCO — On a day when Apple showed off lots of new devices, the iPhone was still the star of the show.旧金山— 苹果公司(Apple)在发布会上展示了大量的新设备,但iPhone仍是其中的明星。Timothy D. Cook, Apple’s chief executive, presented the latest version of the company’s iPhone on Wednesday, along with several revamped devices in an event in the spacious Bill Graham Civic Auditorium.本周三,在比尔·格雷厄姆市政礼堂宽敞的大厅里,苹果首席执行官蒂莫西· D·库克(Timothy D. Cook)展示了最新版iPhone,以及其他几款升级设备。Mr. Cook called the new phones, “the most advanced smartphones in the world.”库克称新iPhone是“世界上最先进的智能手机”。Apple executives demonstrated most of the anticipated new features of the iPhone 6S and 6S Plus, including an upgraded, 12-megapixel camera and a new capability called 3D Touch. It can sense how hard a user is pressing a button, allowing for easier access to different s and information. It also gives users “tactile feedback” when they touch their screens. Pressure-sensitive touch screens are aly available on the Apple Watch and the new MacBook.苹果高管演示了iPhone 6S及6S Plus的新功能,其中大多在外界的预期之中,包括升级的1200万像素摄像头,以及名为3D Touch的三维触控新功能。它能感知用户按下按钮的力度有多大,可以更方便地打开各种菜单,获得不同信息。当用户触碰屏幕时,它还可以提供“触觉反馈”。Apple Watch和新的MacBook已经在使用对压力敏感的触摸屏。The new iPhones will also come in a new rose gold finish, with a new glass that company describes as the strongest in the industry.新 iPhone会推出一款新的玫瑰金配色,还配备了新的玻璃屏。苹果称之为业内最坚固的玻璃屏。The touch ID sensor has been upgraded and the phone will feature iOS 9, the newest version of Apple’s mobile operating system.新iPhone还升级了Touch ID传感器,并将搭载苹果移动操作系统的最新版本iOS9。The new iPhone 6S will cost 9 and the iPhone 6S Plus will cost 9 with a phone contract. Prices for previous versions of the iPhone will drop by 0.新iPhone 6S合约价为199美元(约合人民币1300元),iPhone 6S Plus合约价299美元。老款 iPhone将降价100美元。Apple introduced its own payment plan called Apple Care Plus. Starting at a month, customers can upgrade their phones every year if they buy them through Apple. The new phones will be available in 12 countries, including the ed States, on Sept. 25. They will be available for pre-order starting Sept. 12.苹果还推出了公司自己的付款方案Apple Care Plus。用户如果通过苹果购买iPhone,每年可以获得升级,而此项务的起步价是每月32美元。新iPhone将于9月25日在包括美国在内的12个国家推出。预购时间将从9月12日开始。When Apple unveils its latest iPhones each September, investors closely watch changes to the device in the hope they will be enough to draw in new or repeat buyers. The iPhone, which was first sold in 2007, accounted for 56 percent of the company’s sales in fiscal 2014, making it far and away Apple’s most important product.每年9月苹果推出最新款iPhone时,投资者都会密切关注升级状况,希望它们足以吸引新老买家。iPhone最初上市是在2007年,到了2014财政年度,它对苹果总销售额的贡献达56%,无疑是公司最重要的产品。Thanks to the first iteration of the larger-screen iPhone 6 that hit shelves last year, Apple’s fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, when the company had an billion profit, was the most profitable quarter ever for a publicly traded company.去年推出的第一代大屏iPhone 6,帮助苹果在2014财年第四季度赚取了180亿美元的利润,创下了上市公司历史上最高单季盈利的记录。“Investors have been rewarded by assuming Apple can continually push the envelope on what a phone and the company can do,” said Michael A. Sansoterra, the chief investment officer at Silvant Capital Management, which owns Apple stock.“一些投资者觉得苹果可以不断推进iPhone和公司的境界,他们也一直在获得回报,”Silvant资本管理公司首席投资官迈克尔·A·桑索特拉(Michael A. Sansoterra)说。这家公司持有苹果股份。But meeting those expectations is becoming a bigger challenge. In its most recent quarter, Apple posted quarterly revenue of .6 billion and a .7 billion profit; iPhone revenue was up 59 percent from the previous year. But those results still fell short of Wall Street estimates, and Apple’s share price tumbled 4 percent in the following day of trading.但是,达到这些期望的难度也在与日俱增。上个季度,苹果公司的营收为496亿美元,利润为107亿美元,iPhone带来的营收同比增长了59%。但这样的业绩仍低于华尔街预期,苹果公司的股价在接下来的那个交易日下跌了4%。Mr. Cook also presented a new, beefed-up Apple TV, which represents the company’s most ambitious effort yet to become the focal point of home entertainment systems. Apple TV aly streams s and music. Now it is set to offer up games, shopping and travel tools, and user-generated content like live streaming through an expanded array of apps.库克还在发布会上展示了加强版的新款Apple TV。这款产品代表着苹果公司为成为家庭系统的中心而进行的最为进取的努力。Apple TV已具备播放视频和音乐流媒体的功能,现在将通过扩容的应用来提供视频游戏、购物和旅游工具,以及用户生成的实时流媒体等内容。“Our vision for TV is simple,” Mr. Cook said. “We believe the future of television is apps.“我们对TV的设想很简单,”库克说。“我们相信电视的未来就是应用。”The new version of Apple TV also includes a remote control that could be used as a game controller. The product now comes with a higher price tag that starts at 9, up from , indicating that the company is betting that consumers will think all of the new bells and whistles are worth the higher price.新款Apple TV还包括一个遥控器,可以用来操控视频游戏。新产品的起售价从之前的69美元提至149美元。这表明苹果确信,消费者会认为所有这些新功能对得起更高的价钱。Apple also introduced a new iPad Pro tablet device, which Mr. Cook called “the most capable” tablet the company has ever created. With a larger screen and optional keyboard (a feature aly found in other tablet devices, like the Microsoft Surface), it becomes a device that’s more useful for the creation of content rather than simply the consumption of content.苹果还推出了新款平板设备iPad Pro。它被库克称为公司开发的“功能最强大的”平板。这款设备屏幕变大了,并配备了可选键盘(其他一些平板设备,如微软的Surface已具备这一功能),变得更有利于内容生成,而不是单一的内容消费。“It makes sense for Apple to reveal a new keyboard along with new, larger-screen iPads with faster processors,” said Toni Sacconaghi, an analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein amp; Company. “The message being that Apple is trying to push the iPad to be more of a PC replacement, a converged device of a tablet notebook that has broader computing powers.”“苹果推出新键盘和处理器更快的新款大屏iPad是情理之中的事,”桑福德·C·伯恩斯坦公司(Sanford C. Bernstein amp; Company)的分析师托尼·萨克纳吉(Toni Sacconaghi)说。“它传达的讯息是,苹果正在尝试推动iPad成为更像替代个人电脑的产品,一款平板笔记本的聚合体,拥有更强大的计算能力。Mr. Sacconaghi added that Apple had long rejected the idea that it would create such a device, but that some of the pieces were aly in place. The iPad now runs Microsoft Office software and has a faster processor so it can handle more complex computing tasks.萨克纳吉还表示,长期以来,苹果一直没有采纳推出这样一款设备的主意,但实际上,其中的一些元素已经有了。iPad现在可以运行微软(Microsoft)的Office软件,处理器也更快,能处理更复杂的计算任务。Apple’s senior vice president of operations, Jeff Williams, also talked about improvements to the Apple Watch, including a spate of new apps including Facebook Messenger and Airstrip, a health care app that lets doctors coordinate patient care and monitor health data.苹果负责运营的高级副总裁杰夫·威廉斯(Jeff Williams)还宣讲了对Apple Watch的改进,包括新涌现出的Facebook Messenger和Airstrip等应用。Airstrip是一款健康应用,可以让医生协调对病人的照护,并监测健康数据。Drawing all of these devices together is Apple’s voice assistant technology, called Siri, with improved search capabilities that were prominently displayed throughout the event, especially on the new Apple TV.把所有这些设备联系在一起的是苹果的语音助手技术Siri。苹果对其搜索功能进行了改进,并在整场发布会上进行了突出的展示,特别是在新款Apple TV上。Befitting the Graham auditorium’s history as a music venue, the Apple event also featured a performance from the pop band OneRepublic.苹果的此次发布活动还有流行乐队OneRepublic的表演,呼应了格雷厄姆礼堂作为音乐厅的历史。 /201509/398127大理东方医院剖腹产多少钱

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大理哪家医院人流手术便宜Samsung has made a lot of money selling smartphones based on Google’s Android operating system. So why is Samsung trying again (and again, and again) to build out a competing operating system?三星(Samsung)依赖谷歌(Google)的安卓操作系统已经赚了很多钱。那么三星为什么还要反复尝试构建自己的操作系统呢?Android, which is open source, is free for Samsung to install on its Galaxy phones, Note mini-tablets, and other connected devices. It allows Samsung to outsource to Google the concerns of planning of future features, locking down security, and maintaining a marketplace, the Play Store, with more than 1.5 million apps. Best of all, it actually earns Samsung a cut of Google’s mobile advertising revenue.三星可以免费在其Galaxy系列手机、Note系列平板和其它相关设备上安装安卓的开源系统。三星相当于把规划未来功能、确保系统安全和维护应用市场(谷歌的官方应用市场Play Store已经拥有150多万款应用)的任务都丢给了谷歌。最妙的是,三星还能从谷歌的移动广告收入中分一杯羹。So why would Samsung bother with its own operating system? Because it can.那么三星为什么还要大费周章去构建自己的操作系统呢?因为它能做到。Samsung has tried many times to launch a phone running Tizen, an open-source operating system it is co-developing with Intel. It has made many promises along the way, such as using the OS for its high-end flagship devices. This week, it revealed that it would instead chase low-end devices in emerging markets such as India—an acknowledgement that, despite its efforts, Tizen lacks traction. (Neither Samsung nor Google responded to requests for comment.)三星已经多次尝试发布运行Tizen系统的手机了,Tizen是三星与英特尔(Intel)共同开发的系统。三星在这个过程中也做过不少承诺,如许诺在它的高端旗舰机型上使用Tizen系统等等。不过就在上周,三星发布了一款旨在进军印度等新兴市场的低端Tizen手机——这相当于承认尽管付出了不少努力,但是Tizen还是缺乏吸引力。(三星和谷歌都没有就此给出。)The technology community has long questioned the merits of the Tizen project. On one hand, the mobile devices market is largely dominated by Apple’s iOS and Google’s Android, with Microsoft’s Windows Phone and the BlackBerry OS trailing far behind. A strong third player would heighten competition and spur further innovation, and Samsung—a massively successful manufacturer of devices around the globe—is best positioned to be it.科技界早就在质疑Tizen项目的魅力。一方面,移动设备市场很大程度上是由苹果的iOS和谷歌的安卓主宰,微软(Microsoft)的Windows Phone和黑莓(Blackberry)的BlackBerry OS只能远远落在后面亦步亦趋。如果有一个强势的老三,必将提高市场竞争程度,激励进一步的创新。而三星作为在全球范围内大获成功的设备厂商,可以说是一个最合适的人选。“If anyone can succeed at building that third ecosystem, it’s Samsung,” said Jeff Orr, senior practice director for mobile devices, content, and applications at ABI Research. “They make their own CPUs, modems, displays, software . . . it makes sense they would have a strategy to move away from Google, rather than locking themselves into something outside their own control.”ABI研究公司移动设备、内容与应用高级业务总监杰夫o奥尔指出:“如果说有人能成功构建第三大生态系统,那一定是三星。他们能生产自己的CPU、调制解调器、显示器、软件……因此他们摆脱谷歌也是说得通的,而不是继续把自己拴在自己无法控制的东西上。”On the other hand, previous operating systems (such as the ill-fated Palm OS) failed to disrupt an apparent duopoly. Less than five percent of smartphones around the world use operating systems that aren’t Android or iOS, according to estimates by IDC, the market research firm. Does the Korean electronics giant really think there’s room for one more?另一方面,之前一些昙花一现的操作系统(如命运多舛的Palm OS)也没能打破iOS和安卓的双头垄断。据市调机构IDC估算,全球使用iOS和安卓以外的其它操作系统的设备还不足5%。那么作为韩国电子巨头的三星,真的认为市场上还有足够的空间再容纳新的系统吗?Consider the plight of Windows Phone. Microsoft MSFT -1.48% , no mom-and-pop shop, has just 3 percent of the U.S. market and even less share globally. Or perhaps consider the mobile OS remainders bin: Palm, HP (after buying Palm), Nokia, BlackBerry, and a handful of others.大家可以思考一下Windows Phone的困境。微软的规模也不小了,但是它的WP系统只占据了美国的市场的3%,在全球市场上的占有率甚至还低于这个数。其它移动操作系统商的命运也都大同小异,比如Pam、收购Palm后的惠普(HP)、诺基亚(Nokia)、黑莓还有少数其他几家。So hitching oneself to Android seems sensible. Yet while Google’s operating system is free, it is far from without constraints. For Google’s own apps and its Play Store to come pre-installed on a phone, companies like Samsung must sign “Mobile Application Distribution Agreements” that dictate requirements that Google GOOG 0.50% has for every Android phone and tablet that ships from its partners.因此,搭安卓的便车似乎是一种合理的做法。不过尽管谷歌的操作系统是免费的,但是它并非没有限制。比如谷歌自家的应用和它的Play Store必须要预装在手机里;像三星这样的厂家必须与谷歌签订“移动应用分销协议”,在协议中,谷歌对其合作伙伴生产的每一部安卓手机都有明确的要求。Among them:其中包括:o Google will be the only search engine used on the device at all “access points” unless the owners themselves download alternatives.o 谷歌将是设备上所有“连接点”的唯一搜索引擎,除非用户自己下载了其它替代应用。o Google’s search bar will be at the top of the foremost home screen on the phone or tablet.o 谷歌的搜索栏要被放置在手机或平板电脑主页的最顶端。o A folder labeled “Google” containing a large number of Google’s apps and prominent placement of certain apps such as Gmail.o 必须有一个名叫“谷歌”的文件夹,里面包含大量谷歌的应用,比如Gmail等常用应用。Those agreements, according to a September report from The Information, are intended to enforce “consistency in the software experience by device makers.” Even before the newer agreements, there have been “frequent fights about” modifications, “particularly between Google and Samsung,” according to The Information.据科技网站The Information今年9月的一篇报导,这些协议旨在推动“设备制造商提供一致的软件体验”。就在最新的协议出台之前,谷歌和厂商就经常因为个别条款发生“经常争吵”,“特别是在谷歌与三星之间。”Other companies have grabbed Android’s open-source bits while avoiding Google’s demands. Among them: Amazon (for its Kindle Fire tablets and Fire phone) and the Chinese smartphone maker Xiaomi. Both technology companies offer versions of Android that look and feel different from Google’s unadulterated version, yet are close enough at their core that developers can easily convert their apps for use in the Amazon Appstore or Xiaomi’sMiMarket. In China, Xiaomi recently overtook Samsung by claiming 16 percent of the country’s smartphone market. In the U.S., Amazon’s Fire phone flopped.其它厂商在抓住安卓开源的好处的同时,也避开了谷歌的要求。比如亚马逊(特别是它的Kindle Fire平板电脑和Fire手机)和中国的小米(Xiaomi)。这两家公司都提供的是安卓的变种系统,感觉上和谷歌的“纯净版”安卓很不一样,不过开发者也可以很轻易地把他们的应用简单修改后放到亚马逊Appstore或小米商城里。在中国,小米最近宣称已经击败了三星,占领了中国智能手机市场16%的份额。而在美国,亚马逊的Fire手机则失败了。So far, Samsung has succeeded in differentiating its Galaxy phones, Note tablets, and other products from Android-based competitors. Daniel Gleeson, senior analyst with IHS Technology, believes Google’s bundling is not really harming Samsung. “Google is simply better than Samsung at building those apps, and of course they are apps that are widely known and loved by consumers. Samsung’s strength is in its hardware engineering, not its software,” Gleeson said.到目前为止,三星在Galaxy手机、Note平板和其它相关产品的差异化上做得很成功。IHS Technology公司的高级分析师丹尼尔o格里森认为,谷歌的“捆绑销售”并不会影响到三星。他表示:“谷歌比三星更擅长构建应用程序,另外谷歌的应用也很有名,并且深受消费者的喜爱。三星的优势是在硬件工艺,而不是软件。”At the same time, Samsung has been pushing Tizen for use in other types of electronic devices such as cameras, watches, and refrigerators. The corporate market is also an option, says ABI Research’s Orr. Samsung has aly made steps into enterprise security with its Knox and SAFE programs; it could conceivably work its way into the workplace where support for popular consumer apps is less of a concern and customization of the operating system is more highly valued.与此同时,三星也在推动Tizen系统在相机、手表和冰箱等其它电子产品上的用。ABI研究公司的奥尔表示,企业市场也是一个可能的选项。三星已经通过Knox和SAFE项目在企业安全性方面有所建树。它完全可能继续深耕企业市场,因为这个市场并不在乎有多少流行应用,而操作系统的定制性却具有更高的价值。“For Samsung to boost development (it must) take Tizen to new devices, and hopefully own that space,” IHS Technology’s Gleeson said. “Samsung will need to provide some compelling use cases where Tizen can out-perform Android.”IHS Technology的格里森表示:“三星要想推动Tizen的发展,必须把它带到新的设备上,并且占据住那个领域。三星必须展示一些有吸引力的使用案例,明Tizen在某方面的表现要强于安卓。The clock is ticking. Samsung announced its lowest third-quarter operating profit in three years on Oct. 6, citing flagging sales of its top-end Galaxy phones, heavy marketing and price-cutting to fight the drop, and decreased component orders all around. What’s more, those results came before Apple AAPL 0.14% launched its iPhone 6 and 6 Plus phones, which carry larger screens that were once Samsung’s sole purview and sold in record numbers.时间在一分一秒地流逝。10月6日,三星宣布了三年以来最低的第三季度营业利润,其高端Galaxy系列手机的销量疲软、为了应对销量下降而花费的沉重营销费用和降价成本、零部件订单的下降都是导致利润降低的原因。雪上加霜的是,这些消息的宣布还是在苹果推出iPhone 6和6 plus之前。而iPhone 6和6 plus引以为傲的大屏,一度正是三星以前创下销量纪录的独家法宝。 /201411/344886 GUILDFORD, England — On the outskirts of this sleepy commuter town just south of London, plans are underway to build the fastest cellphone network in the world.英格兰吉尔福德——在这座伦敦南缘的宁静通勤小镇的郊区,打造世界上最快的手机网络的计划正在进行中。The work is being done at the University of Surrey, where a leafy campus is dotted with rundown Brutalist-style buildings. Here, researchers and some of the world’s biggest tech companies, including Samsung and Fujitsu, are collaborating to offer mobile Internet speeds more than 100 times faster than anything now available.这项工作在萨里大学(University of Surrey)展开。它那浓荫密布的校园里,点缀着一些粗野主义风格的老旧建筑。在这里,研究人员和包括三星(Samsung)、富士通(Fujitsu)在内的世界上最大的一些科技公司,正在合作研发一种新的手机网络,其速度会比现有的所有手机网络快上百倍。Their work on so-called fifth-generation, or 5G, wireless technology is set to be completed in early 2018 and would, for example, let students download entire movies to smartphones or tablets in less than five seconds, compared with as much as eight minutes with current fourth-generation, or 4G, technology. Companies also could connect millions of devices — including smartwatches and tiny sensors on home appliances — to the new cellphone network, and automakers could potentially test driverless cars around the suburban campus.他们进行的有关第五代无线技术——或称为5G——的研发工作,计划于2018年初完成。它将能让学生们在五秒钟内将整部影片下载到智能手机或平板电脑上,而用目前的第四代——即4G——网络下载一部影片,则需要八分钟。企业可以将包括智能手表、家用电器上的微型传感器在内的无数种设备与新一代手机网络相连,汽车厂商或许也可以在这座位于郊区的大学校园里测试无人驾驶车。“A lot of the technology aly works in a laboratory environment,” said Rahim Tafazolli, director of the university’s research center that oversees the 5G project, which includes almost 70 powerful radio antennas around the two-square-mile campus. “Now, we have to prove it works in real life.”“有很多技术已经可以在实验室环境下实现,”萨里大学5G项目研究中心的主任拉希姆·塔法佐利(Rahim Tafazolli)说。这个项目在面积2平方英里的校园各处布置了将近70个功率强大的无线电天线。“现在,我们必须明它在现实生活中也一样有效。”The work by Dr. Tafazolli and his team puts them at the heart of a heated race. Fueled by people’s insatiable appetite for accessing s, social media and other entertainment on their mobile devices, many of the world’s largest carriers, like ATamp;T and NTT DoCoMo of Japan, are rushing to be the first to offer customers this next-generation ultrafast wireless technology.塔法佐利及其团队的工作,让他们处在了一场激烈竞赛的中心。人们对接入视频、社交媒体和其他内容的需求巨大。受其鼓舞,全球很多排名靠前的运营商,包括ATamp;T和日本的NTT都科(NTT DoCoMo),都急于成为第一家向顾客提供下一代超快无线技术的公司。The competition has led to research worth billions of dollars from telecommunications equipment makers like Ericsson of Sweden and Huawei of China, which are hoping to secure lucrative contracts to upgrade the mobile Internet infrastructure of operators like ATamp;T from the ed States and China Mobile in Asia. Those plans have become even faster paced as tech giants including Google consider their own ambitions for the latest, and fastest, high-speed Internet.这场竞争促使瑞典爱立信(Ericsson)和中国华为等电信设备生产商投入数十亿美元进行研发。它们希望拿到ATamp;T和中国移动等亚洲运营商的移动互联网基础设施升级订单,获取丰厚利润。随着包括谷歌(Google)在内的科技巨头开始考虑自己在最新、最快的高速互联网领域的宏图,这些计划的进展速度变得更快了。“Everyone is rushing to demonstrate they are a leading player for 5G,” said Bengt Nordstrom, co-founder of Northstream, a telecom consulting firm, in Stockholm.“人人都急着想明自己是5G的领导者,”斯德哥尔电信行业咨询公司Northstream联合创始人本特·努德斯特伦(Bengt Nordstrom)说。The efforts around 5G will be on display at Mobile World Congress, a four-day tech and telecom event in Barcelona that begins on Monday. Most of the world’s largest operators and device makers like Samsung are expected to announce their latest wireless technology, including smartphones, wearable products and digital applications at the trade show.周一,科技和电信业盛事世界移动通信大会(Mobile World Congress)将在巴塞罗那开幕。围绕5G展开的行动将在为期四天的大会上亮相。全球最大的运营商及三星这样的设备生产商中,预计大部分都会在这场行业大会上宣布自己最新的无线技术,包括智能手机、可穿戴产品和数字应用。Not to be outdone, telecom manufacturers also have announced glitzy demonstrations — including driverless cars, remote-controlled drones and autonomous robots balancing balls on tablets — to showcase their 5G credibility. The need to persuade carriers to buy the latest wireless technology has become ever more important as operators consider cutting investment plans in the face of a global economic downturn.为了不被甩在身后,电信制造商也推出了一些耀眼的产品展示,包括无人驾驶车、遥控无人机和能在平板电脑上让几个球保持平衡的自主机器人,以展示自己的5G实力。在面临全球经济下行的运营商考虑削减投资计划之际,电信制造商需要说它们,让它们相信最新的无线技术现在具有空前的重要性。“If we miss the chance to make our networks relevant, it will be a disaster,” said Ulf Ewaldsson, Ericsson’s chief technology officer. “The billion-dollar question is what will a 5G network look like?”“如果错过让我们的网络参与进来的机会,就是一场灾难,”爱立信首席技术官艾华信(Ulf Ewaldsson)说。“这里面一个最重要的问题是,5G网络会是什么样子?”Despite companies’ efforts to outspend each other, that question remains unanswered.尽管各公司的投资力度一个更胜一个,但这个问题依然没有。A global standard for 5G wireless technology will not be finished before 2019, at the earliest. Companies worldwide must agree on how their networks talk to each other, so users’ mobile connections do not become patchy when traveling overseas. That involves lengthy negotiations over what type of radio waves the new technology should use, among other complicated global agreements, which can take years.5G无线技术的全球标准至少要到2019年才能完成。世界范围内的公司必须就彼此的网络之间如何衔接沟通达成一致,这样用户在国外时,他们的移动通讯才不会变得时好时坏。这就涉及新技术应该使用何种无线电波,以及其他复杂的全球协议进行漫长的谈判。这个过程可能要花数年时间。As a result, carriers, telecom equipment makers and tech companies are lobbying global-standard bodies and national lawmakers to promote their own technologies over rivals’, according to industry executives and telecom analysts. Because of this jockeying, a widesp rollout of 5G networks is not expected until well into the next decade.因此,据行业高管和电信业分析人士称,运营商、电信设备生产商和科技公司正在游说制定全球标准的机构和各国议员,告诉他们自己的技术比对手的好。因为存在这种争夺,5G网络的广泛铺开预计要等到下一个10年。Some analysts question why carriers are focusing on the next generation of wireless technology when many parts of the world, particularly in emerging markets, still suffer from achingly slow mobile Internet access. And industry experts say mobile Internet speeds in much of the developed world, especially in places like South Korea, where connections are often comparable to traditional broadband, aly meet people’s needs.一些分析人士质疑,为什么在世界上很多地方,特别是在新兴市场的移动互联网接入还极其缓慢时,运营商却把焦点放在了下一代无线技术上。行业专家称,在很多发达国家,特别是在连接速度通常堪比传统宽带的韩国等地,移动互联网速度已经能满足人们的需求了。“A lot of this is about carriers and equipment makers looking for new ways to make money,” said Thomas Husson, an analyst at Forrester Research in Paris. “Consumers shouldn’t expect great things until after 2020.”“这在很大程度上是因为运营商和设备生产商在寻找赚钱的新途径,”弗雷斯特研究公司(Forrester Research)驻巴黎的分析师汤玛斯·赫森(Thomas Husson)说。“2020年之前,消费者不应该期待有什么伟大的技术出现。”These challenges have not stopped companies from staking a claim in hopes of being at the forefront of 5G.这些挑战没能阻止各家公司纷纷押注,以期能让自己身处5G市场的前沿。That is particularly true ahead of major global sporting events like the Olympics and the World Cup, at which carriers and national governments want to promote their technological know-how. At the 2018 World Cup, which will be held in Russia, for instance, the local operators MegaFon and MTS are expected to test 5G-style services, including ultrafast mobile Internet, even without global standards in place.在奥林匹克运动会和世界杯等全球大型体育赛事到来之前尤其如此,运营商和各国政府都想在这些赛事上宣传自己的技术能力。比如,在将于俄罗斯举行的2018年世界杯上,当地运营商MegaFon和MTS计划推出包括超快移动互联网在内的5G类务,尽管相关的全球标准还未确立。The Korean mobile operator KT also plans to offer its own version of 5G technology at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, and NTT DoCoMo has said it will have similar trials y for the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.韩国移动运营商KT也计划在韩国平昌举办的2018年冬季奥运会上提供自家版本的5G技术,而日本电信公司NTT DoCoMo则表示,它也会做好准备,在2020年于东京举办的夏季奥运会上进行类似的尝试。“The only way of learning is by doing,” said Mats Svardh, head of networks at the Scandinavian carrier TeliaSonera, which will test its own 5G technology in both Stockholm and Tallinn, Estonia, in 2018. “It’s about putting pressure on ourselves to move forward with specifics, not just theories.”“学习的唯一方式就是上手做,”北欧电信运营商TeliaSonera的网络业务负责人马茨·斯韦德(Mats Svardh)说。该公司将于2018年在斯德哥尔和爱沙尼亚的塔林两地测试其5G技术。“这其实是给我们自己施压,以便在一些具体的问题上取得进展,而不只是在理论上。”ed States carriers have also jumped on the 5G bandwagon, partly to offer people new services as current mobile speeds have become relatively interchangeable between major operators nationwide.美国运营商也加入了这场5G风潮,部分原因是想给人们提供新务,因为美国几家主要运营商目前提供的移动网络的网速已经差别不大,可以互相替代。Last year, Verizon Wireless announced that it would start testing new wireless technology in 2016 in order to offer new services, including potentially ultrafast mobile Internet, sometime next year. Last month, ATamp;T countered with its own tests — expected to start in Austin, Tex., by the end of 2016 — that could offer mobile speeds roughly 100 times faster than its current offering.“We will be y when it’s y,” said John Donovan, ATamp;T’s chief strategy officer, who added that traditional rivals like Verizon and new arrivals like Google could eventually compete to offer 5G services. “Everywhere you don’t solve a problem, someone else might step in.”去年,威瑞森无线(Verizon Wireless)宣布,它将在2016年开始测试新的无线技术,以便在明年某个时候提供可能包括超快移动互联网在内的新务。上个月,作为反击,ATamp;T也提出,自己计划于2016年底在德克萨斯州奥斯丁开始进行测试,有望提供比现在的网速快大约100倍的移动网络。“等它好的时候,我们就会一切就绪,”ATamp;T首席战略官约翰·多诺万(John Donovan)说。他还表示,威瑞森这样的传统竞争对手和谷歌这样的新对手,最终都有可能参与5G务的竞争。“不管是在哪个领域,只要有个问题你不解决,别人可能就会进来做。”For Dr. Tafazolli, of the University of Surrey, whose team started working on 5G in late 2011, these battles have led to an increasing number of companies offering support — including the use of high-speed computer servers, costly radio antennas and millions of dollars of financing to research and build the next-generation wireless network on his college campus, he said. Their primary goal: to test their latest technology in a real-world setting.萨里大学的塔法佐利自2011年末开始带领团队进行5G技术研发。他表示,这些竞争促使越来越多的企业为他们提供持,包括高速务器、价格昂贵的无线电天线,以及大把的资金,让他们可以在这所大学校园里研究和打造下一代无线网络。他们目前的首要目标是:在真实场景里测试他们的最新技术。“In the race to 5G, everyone wants to be first,” he said.“在5G技术这场比赛中,每个人都想拔得头筹,”他说。 /201602/428252大理民族医院在线咨询大理市巍山彝族回族自治县四维彩超医院

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