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2019年09月15日 15:33:45 | 作者:好时讯 | 来源:新华社
Achtung baby注意,宝贝!Anyone seeking to understand why Germany remains the economic powerhouse of Europe need only to look at the performance of its auto industry. Its flagship brands -- Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Audi, and Porsche -- are all enjoying record years and forecasting even better results for 2013.如果有人不明白德国为什么是欧洲经济的发动机,只要看看德国汽车业的表现就明白了。梅赛德斯-奔驰(Mercedes-Benz)、宝马(BMW)、奥迪(Audi)和保时捷(Porsche)等德系品牌的旗帜这几年的销量节节攀升,而且预计2013年还会有更好的业绩。Logically, they shouldn#39;t be doing well at all. At a time when most of the world#39;s consumers have a case of the shorts, Germany is selling premium cars at premium prices. With gasoline at wallet-busting levels, it continues to profit from high-performance V-6 and V-8 engines. And with typical buyers squeezing into smaller cars, there is no shortage of upscale German limos -- black only, of course -- festooned with more luxury features than a first-class seat on Emirates.从逻辑上讲,德系车本来不应该这样繁荣的。如今全球大多数消费者的钱袋都比较紧张,更何况德国人还是以高端的价格卖高端车型。而且油价近年来一直高得吓人,德国车虽然动辄搭载V6和V8发动机,但依然能继续盈利。另外,尽管一般消费者越来越青睐小型车,但高端德国豪车总是不愁销路——当然,它们还是一水的黑色,车里的豪华配置甚至比阿联酋航空公司(Emirates)的头等舱还要豪华。So much for logic. In the first five months of this year, BMW#39;s global sales are up 6.4%, Porsche has gained 13%, and Audi is a remarkable 14% better off.逻辑问题就先谈到这里。在今年的头5个月里,宝马的全球销量上升了6.4%,保时捷上升了13%,奥迪的销量更是上升了14%。How do the Germans do it? You could say they#39;re smart, work hard, and have momentum on their side. But they also enjoy 10 unique advantages:德国人是如何创造这个奇迹的?你可能会说,他们很聪明,工作努力,而且得到了老天的眷顾。不过除此之外,德国还有10个独特的优势。 /201308/251573

Researchers have found that peoples#39; mental abilities peak at 22 before beginning to deteriorate just five years later。研究人员发现,人的智力在22岁时达到顶峰,而仅在五年之后就会开始衰退。Professor Timothy Salthouse said the results suggested that therapies designed to prevent or reverse age-related conditions may need to start earlier, long before people become pensioners。蒂莫西·索尔特豪斯教授称,研究结果表明,旨在预防或扭转与年龄有关的症状的治疗应尽早开始,而非等到退休。Almost half of over 50s #39;unaware of leading cause of blindness#39;; Results converge on a conclusion that some aspects of age-related cognitive decline begin in healthy, educated adults when they are in their 20s and 30s,; he said。在50岁以上的人中,有近一半的人“不清楚导致智力衰退的主要原因”。蒂莫西称,研究发现,对于身体健康,受过教育的成年人来说,与年龄有关的一些认知衰退症状在二三十岁时就开始了。The study of 2,000 men and women lasted over seven years. The respondents, aged between 18-60, were asked to solve visual puzzles, recall words and story details and spot patterns in letters and symbols。该研究持续七年之久,共对两千名18岁至60岁之间的男性和女性进行了调查。研究人员要求调查对象做图形猜谜,复述单词和故事细节,以及指认字母和符号类型等各项测试。Similar tests are often used to diagnose mental disabilities and declines, including dementia。类似的测试常被用于诊断智力残疾和包括痴呆症在内的智力衰退等。The research by the University of Virginia found that in nine out of 12 tests the average age at which the top performance was achieved was 22.弗吉尼亚大学开展的这项研究发现,在总共12项测试中,其中有9项获得最高分的调查对象平均年龄是22岁。The first age at which performance was significantly lower than the peak scores was 27 – for three tests of reasoning, speed of thought and spatial visualisation. Memory was shown to decline from the average age of 37. In the other tests, poorer results were shown by the age of 42.从逻辑推理、反应速度和空间想象力三项测试的结果来看,调查对象的得分首次明显低于之前的最高水平是在27岁。开始衰退的平均年龄是37岁。在其它几项测试中,调查对象的得分在42岁时开始降低。However, the report published in the academic journal Neurobiology Of Ageing, found that abilities based on accumulated knowledge, such as performance on tests of vocabulary or general information, increased until at the age of 60.但发表于《衰老神经生物学》学术期刊上的这项研究报告表明,从词汇或常识测试的结果看,基于知识积累的能力到了60岁会开始增长。Twenty-seven has long had negative connotations, as it is the age at which many popular musicians died, including Jimi Hendrix, Jim Morrison, Brian Jones, Janis Joplin and Kurt Cobain。27岁一直是个不太吉利的年龄,很多流行歌手在27岁时去世,其中包括吉米·亨德里克斯、吉姆·莫里森、布赖恩·琼斯、贾尼斯·乔普林和柯特·科本。 /201303/229088

Men hit on hotties despite their own unattractiveness, study confirms.最新的一项研究实了人们的一个常识:不管多么差劲的男人都会自认为自己能赢得美女的芳心。;You#39;re prettier than I am,; Seth Rogen#39;s character drunkenly slurs to Katherine Heigl at one point in the 2007 movie ;Knocked Up.; Now a new study confirms what most of us have known all along: Men, no matter how unattractive, think they’ve got a chance with beautiful women。在《Knocked Up》的一幕场景中,Seth Rogen扮演的角色醉醺醺的对Katherine Heigl嘟哝:“你比我漂亮!”最新的一项研究实了人们的一个常识:不管多么差劲的男人都会自认为自己能赢得美女的芳心。Researchers studied ratings and dating information from 16,550 members during a 10-day period in 2005. All members studied were heterosexual, with 75 percent males and 25 percent female。研究者研究了2005年10天内16550个会员的得分和约会情况。所有被试的性取向均为正常,其中75%为男性,25%为女性。Using this data, they determined that the physical attractiveness of a potential mate was more important to men than women. And men were less likely than women to think that their own lack of attractiveness — based both on a self assessment and the ratings of others — should stand in the way of a date with someone ;hot。;通过这些数据,研究者认为,男性比女性更看重未来伴侣的外表。比起女性来,男性较少考虑这个问题:自身缺乏吸引力——不管是自认为的还是在别人看来——会阻碍自己与有“魅力”的人进行约会。Maybe men think women have all ;The Frog Prince; and taken it to heart, allowing us to look past an ugly exterior in the search for inner beauty. Or perhaps it’s that men have internalized the messages in the popular media: movies like ;Knocked Up,; where the slacker hero lands a beautiful babe, or TV shows like ;According to Jim,; in which a difficult, slobby guy is coupled with a gorgeous wife。也许男人以为女人都看过《青蛙王子》的故事并铭记在心,于是我们女人可以追寻男人的内在美而忽略男人的丑陋外表。或者,男人内化了大众传媒传递的信息:比如《Knocked Up》这样的电影,一个懒鬼赢得了美女的芳心;比如《According to Jim》这样的电视剧,一个麻烦、糟糕的男人娶到了漂亮的老婆。The lead author of the study, Leonard Lee, an assistant professor at Columbia’s Graduate School of Business, thinks these far-fetched movie and TV couples might explain why unfortunate-looking men tend to hold out such high hopes. But he wonders whether the unattractive guys eventually learn that their chances are slim regardless of what they see on screen. There’s another important finding in the study, he says: The 10s among us, both male and female, want only to date other 10s。该研究的主要作者,哥伦比亚大学商学院[微]副教授 Leonard Lee认为,电影、电视剧中那些不般配的夫妻也许能够解释为什么那些貌似倒霉的男人会抱有如此高的期望。但他不知道那些缺乏魅力的男人最终是否会明白,在现实中,他们的机会渺茫。该研究还有一个重要的发现:世纪初出生的人也只想跟世纪初出生的人约会。There are hints in the HOTorNOT.com data that suggest men do learn to accept their limitations: They apparently hedge their bets by asking for more dates. In fact, the men in the study requested a full 240 percent more dates than the women. Researchers didn#39;t look at how many of these online come-ons were successful, but the number of dates most men asked for might be a sign that the less attractive among us — even the men — recognize that they may have to settle for dating someone who is closer to them on the ;hotness; scale。来自HOTorNOT.com的数据提示,男人须要学会接受自己的局限:他们显然应该邀请更多的约会,以增加成功的几率。事实上,研究中的男性提请约会的次数整整是女性的2.4倍。研究者并不关注这类在线的“勾引”有多少会成功,而是关注大多数男性发起的约会数量,这也许是个信号:缺乏吸引力的女性——甚至包括男性——满足于与自己“魅力”指数近似的异性约会。;Good looking people are always looking for other good looking people,; says Helen Fisher, a professor at Rutgers University who studies mating behavior and romantic love。“漂亮的人总是追求漂亮的人”,该研究外的另一位学者、专门研究交配行为和浪漫爱情的罗格斯大学教授Helen Fisher说。;And ultimately, men figure their own good looks are not as important as a woman’s,; says Fisher, who wasn#39;t involved with the study. ;They figure they’re selling a whole lot of things that women want that aren’t associated with being attractive.;“最终,男性发现他们自己的美貌并不像女性的美貌那样重要。他们发现,虽然他们兜售了一大堆女性希望的东西,但这不会使他们变得富有吸引力。”Besides, from an evolutionary perspective, men are simply looking for the woman most likely to produce a strong healthy baby — so that means they’re often focused on physical attractiveness。此外,从进化的角度来看,男人追求女人多半只是为了繁衍强壮、健康的后代——因此他们常常只关心女人的外表。;Men might as well reach for the stars,; says William Pollack, a Harvard University psychologistand the director of the Center for Men and Young Men at McLean Hospital. ;Women are the ones who are going to have the baby. They need to be a little more picky.;“男人也可以伸手去摘星追梦,”哈佛大学心理学家、McLean 医院男性及青年男性中心主任William Pollack 说,“但只有女人能怀,所以她们需要多一些挑剔。In the end, there might be some signs that boorish boys know they’re overreaching — and that may be expressed in the level of their braggadocio。最后,也许有一些粗俗的男人发现自己过了头的迹象——这表现在他们吹牛的程度中。When a really attractive man is interested in a date, Brody says, he’s quieter and more cautious. ;He’ll come back a bunch of times and try to get to know me before asking,; she adds。当一个真正有吸引力的男人想要约会时,”Brody说,“他会更加平静、小心。”“他会仔细思考,并且在约我之前试着了解我。”她补充道。 /201303/230401

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