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福建泉州妇幼医院剖腹产怎么样泉州市第二医院做人流怎么样贴吧TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201611/470045泉州哪治外阴炎好 A few years ago, with my colleague, Emmanuelle Charpentier, I invented a new technology for editing genomes. Its called CRISPR-Cas9.几年前,我跟同事Emmanuelle Charpentier发明了一个可以编辑基因组的新技术。它叫做 ;CRISPR-Cas9;。The CRISPR technology allows scientists to make changes to the DNA in cells that could allow us to cure genetic disease.CRISPR技术让科学家可以改变细胞里的DNA,从而让我们能够治愈基因疾病。You might be interested to know that the CRISPR technology came about through a basic research project你可能有兴趣想知道,CRISPR技术其实来自于一个基础的科学研究,that was aimed at discovering how bacteria fight viral infections.它的主要目的是了解细菌如何与病毒感染进行对抗。Bacteria have to deal with viruses in their environment,细菌必须在它们的环境里对付病毒。and we can think about a viral infection like a ticking time bomb我们可以这么想,病毒感染像是个定时炸弹,a bacterium has only a few minutes to defuse the bomb before it gets destroyed.细菌在被消灭前,只有几分钟时间可以拆除炸弹。So, many bacteria have in their cells an adaptive immune system called CRISPR, that allows them to detect viral DNA and destroy it.很多细菌在它们的细胞里有一种适应力免疫系统叫做;CRISPR;,它可以使细菌侦测到病毒DNA并消灭它。Part of the CRISPR system is a protein called Cas9, thats able to seek out, cut and eventually degrade viral DNA in a specific way.CRISPR系统中,有一部分是一种叫Cas9的蛋白质,它能够以特殊的方式寻找出、剪断,最后削弱病毒DNA。And it was through our research to understand the activity of this protein, Cas9,我们的研究主要是想了解Cas9蛋白质的活动,that we realized that we could harness its function as a genetic engineering technology我们意识到可以驾驭它的功能,把它当做一种基因工程技术a way for scientists to delete or insert specific bits of DNA into cells with incredible precision一种可以让科学家用难以置信的精准度来消除或插入特定DNA片段到细胞中that would offer opportunities to do things that really havent been possible in the past.这项技术提供了一个前所未有的机会,让我们可以做到在过去根本无法完成的事情。The CRISPR technology has aly been used to change the DNA in the cells of mice and monkeys, other organisms as well.CRISPR技术已经被应用于改变老鼠和猴子细胞里的DNA,还包括其他有机体。Chinese scientists showed recently that they could even use the CRISPR technology to change genes in human embryos.中国科学家最近发现,他们甚至可以利用CRISPR技术改变人类胚胎里的基因。And scientists in Philadelphia showed they could use CRISPR to remove the DNA of an integrated HIV virus from infected human cells.费城的科学家实,他们可以利用CRISPR技术,从一个感染的人类细胞中移除HIV病毒。The opportunity to do this kind of genome editing also raises various ethical issues that we have to consider,这个充满契机的基因组编辑技术,也引发了各种我们必须认真思考的道德争议。because this technology can be employed not only in adult cells, but also in the embryos of organisms, including our own species.因为这种技术不仅可以运用在成人细胞上,也可以用在有机体的胚胎上,包含我们人类自己。And so, together with my colleagues, Ive called for a global conversation about the technology that I co-invented,所以,我和同事们呼吁,要针对这项技术展开一次全球对话,so that we can consider all of the ethical and societal implications of a technology like this.思考应该赋予这种技术的道德与社会责任。What I want to do now is tell you what the CRISPR technology is, what it can do,那么现在,我要告诉你们CRISPR技术是什么、它可以做什么、where we are today and why I think we need to take a prudent path forward in the way that we employ this technology.目前的发展状况、以及我为什么认为我们需要一个缜密的思路来运用这项技术。When viruses infect a cell, they inject their DNA.当病毒感染一个细胞,它们会插入自身的DNA。And in a bacterium, the CRISPR system allows that DNA to be plucked out of the virus,在一个细菌中,CRISPR系统可以把病毒的DNA拔掉,and inserted in little bits into the chromosome -- the DNA of the bacterium.并且将其中一小段插入到染色体内--也就是细菌的DNA。And these integrated bits of viral DNA get inserted at a site called CRISPR.而这些成簇的病毒DNA会入到一个名为CRISPR的位点。CRISPR stands for clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats.CRISPR意思是;规律成簇的间隔短回文重复;。A big mouthful -- you can see why we use the acronym CRISPR.很绕口--这回你们就知道为什么我们要使用CRISPR的缩写了。Its a mechanism that allows cells to record, over time, the viruses they have been exposed to.CRISPR是一种机制--它允许细胞随时纪录被感染到的病毒。And importantly, those bits of DNA are passed on to the cells progeny,而且重要的是,这些片段DNA会遗传到细胞的后代,so cells are protected from viruses not only in one generation, but over many generations of cells.所以细胞不只有一代会一直被保护不受病毒感染,好几代的细胞都会如此。This allows the cells to keep a record of infection, and as my colleague, Blake Wiedenheft, likes to say,这允许细胞持有受感染的纪录,就像我同事Blake Wiedenheft喜欢说的,the CRISPR locus is effectively a genetic vaccination card in cells.CRISPR的基因座其实上就是细胞的一张基因疫苗接种卡。Once those bits of DNA have been inserted into the bacterial chromosome,一旦这些片段DNA入到细菌染色体内,the cell then makes a little copy of a molecule called RNA, which is orange in this picture, that is an exact replicate of the viral DNA.细胞就会复制出一小段叫RNA的分子,就是照片上的橘色的部分,它就是病毒DNA的复制品。RNA is a chemical cousin of DNA, and it allows interaction with DNA molecules that have a matching sequence.RNA相当于DNA的化学表亲,能够与DNA上相同序列的分子产生反应。So those little bits of RNA from the CRISPR locus associate -- they bind -- to protein called Cas9,所以这些从CRISPR基因座转录的RNA片段,会与一种叫Cas9的蛋白质相结合,which is white in the picture, and form a complex that functions like a sentinel in the cell.也就是照片上白色的部分,这个蛋白质综合体像是细胞的卫兵。It searches through all of the DNA in the cell, to find sites that match the sequences in the bound RNAs.它会搜寻细胞里所有的DNA,找到符合所结合的RNA序列的位点。And when those sites are found -- as you can see here, the blue molecule is DNA当这些位置被找到后--就是你们看到的蓝色DNA分子,this complex associates with that DNA and allows the Cas9 cleaver to cut up the viral DNA.这个综合体会与DNA结合,并允许Cas9蛋白质像刀一样切断病毒DNA。It makes a very precise break.这是一次非常精确的截断。So we can think of the Cas9 RNA sentinel complex like a pair of scissors that can cut DNA所以我们可以把Cas9 RNA标记复合体想像成是一把DNA剪刀it makes a double-stranded break in the DNA helix.它在DNA螺旋结构中制造了一种;双股螺旋断裂;。And importantly, this complex is programmable, so it can be programmed to recognize particular DNA sequences,最重要的是,这种复合体是可程式化的,在程式化后可以用来辨认特定的DNA序列,and make a break in the DNA at that site.并且在DNA的特定位置制造一个断裂。As Im going to tell you now, we recognized that that activity could be harnessed for genome engineering,我现在想要告诉大家,我们已经意识到这个技术可以被利用于基因工程中,to allow cells to make a very precise change to the DNA at the site where this break was introduced.就在我提到过的断裂处,使细胞内的DNA产生一个非常精准的变化。Thats sort of analogous to the way that we use a word-processing program to fix a typo in a document.这个方式有点类似于我们使用文字处理软件在一个文档中修改错字一样。The reason we envisioned using the CRISPR system for genome engineering is because cells have the ability to detect broken DNA and repair it.我们意识到CRISPR系统可以被用于基因组工程的原因是,细胞具有检测损坏的DNA,并修复它的能力。So when a plant or an animal cell detects a double-stranded break in its DNA, it can fix that break,所以当一个植物或动物细胞在它的DNA中检测到双股螺旋断裂时,它可以修复这种断裂,either by pasting together the ends of the broken DNA with a little, tiny change in the sequence of that position,把破裂的DNA尾端接合在一起,只在那个位置的序列产生微小的变化,or it can repair the break by integrating a new piece of DNA at the site of the cut.或者,也可以借由在该位置处聚集新的DNA片段来修复断裂。So if we have a way to introduce double-stranded breaks into DNA at precise places,所以如果我们有一种方式可以引导;双股螺旋断裂;精准地进入DNA,we can trigger cells to repair those breaks, by either the disruption or incorporation of new genetic information.我们就可以刺激细胞来修复这些断裂,通过破坏或合并新的遗传信息。So if we were able to program the CRISPR technology to make a break in DNA at the position at or near a mutation causing cystic fibrosis,所以如果我们可以程式化CRISPR技术,在DNA里制造断裂,例如,在囊性纤维化发生突变的位置处或附近制造断裂,for example, we could trigger cells to repair that mutation.我们就可以刺激细胞去修复那个突变。Genome engineering is actually not new, its been in development since the 1970s.基因工程并不是什么新技术,它在1970年代就发展起来了。Weve had technologies for sequencing DNA, for copying DNA, and even for manipulating DNA.我们已经拥有DNA测序技术、DNA复制技术、甚至DNA修改技术。And these technologies were very promising, but the problem was that they were either inefficient,这些技术前程无量,但问题是它们要么效率不高,or they were difficult enough to use that most scientists had not adopted them for use in their own laboratories, or certainly for many clinical applications.要么操作太复杂,所以大部分科学家们并不在实验室采用这项技术,或是应用于临床。So, the opportunity to take a technology like CRISPR and utilize it has appeal, because of its relative simplicity.而CRISPR的技术相对简单,所以使用它的机会已展露曙光。We can think of older genome engineering technologies as similar to having to rewire your computer each time you want to run a new piece of software,我们可以想像一下,旧的基因工程技术就好比每次你要安装新的软件,就要把电脑升级一次一样。whereas the CRISPR technology is like software for the genome, we can program it easily, using these little bits of RNA.而CRISPR技术就像基因组的软件,利用这些RNA小片段,我们可以简单地编辑它。So once a double-stranded break is made in DNA, we can induce repair, and thereby potentially achieve astounding things,那么一旦双股螺旋断裂在DNA中发生,我们就可以诱导修复,由此有可能达到惊人的效果,like being able to correct mutations that cause sickle cell anemia or cause Huntingtons Disease.比如, 能够修正引起镰刀细胞贫血症,或引起亨廷顿氏病的突变。I actually think that the first applications of the CRISPR technology are going to happen in the blood,我认为CRISPR技术的第一项应用会在血液里发生,where its relatively easier to deliver this tool into cells, compared to solid tissues.相对于坚硬组织而言, 更能简单地在细胞内导入这项技术。Right now, a lot of the work thats going on applies to animal models of human disease, such as mice.目前, 很多工作已经运用在人类疾病的动物模型中,例如老鼠。The technology is being used to make very precise changes that allow us to study the way that these changes in the cells DNA affect这技术已经被用来实现非常精准的改变,使我们能够研究细胞DNA里的变化,either a tissue or, in this case, an entire organism.不论是对一个组织或像这个案例中的整个有机体。Now in this example, the CRISPR technology was used to disrupt a gene by making a tiny change in the DNA in a gene在这个案例中,借由在DNA里的小改变,that is responsible for the black coat color of these mice.CRISPR技术被用来扰乱关联这些老鼠黑色皮肤的基因。Imagine that these white mice differ from their pigmented litter-mates by just a tiny change at one gene in the entire genome,想像一下, 这些白色的老鼠与它们有色小同伴不同的原因,仅是由于在整个基因组中的一个小改变,and theyre otherwise completely normal.除此之外, 它们几乎一模一样。And when we sequence the DNA from these animals,当我们对这些动物的基因做测序,we find that the change in the DNA has occurred at exactly the place where we induced it, using the CRISPR technology.我们发现了在基因里的变化就精准地发生在我们使用CRISPR技术的地方。Additional experiments are going on in other animals that are useful for creating models for human disease, such as monkeys.更多的实验也正在其它动物身上进行中,被当做人类疾病的的试验模型,像是猴子。And here we find that we can use these systems to test the application of this technology in particular tissues,我们在此发现, 我们可以使用这系统在特定组织中运用这项技术,for example, figuring out how to deliver the CRISPR tool into cells.例如, 如何传送CRISPR工具到细胞中。We also want to understand better how to control the way that DNA is repaired after its cut,我们也想进一步了解如何控制DNA在切断后的修复方式,and also to figure out how to control and limit any kind of off-target, or unintended effects of using the technology.也更想知道如何控制并限制任何一种偏离目标的状况,或者使用这技术时的副作用。I think that we will see clinical application of this technology, certainly in adults, within the next 10 years.我想我们会在十年内就看到它在临床上的应用,特别是在成人身上。I think that its likely that we will see clinical trials and possibly even approved therapies within that time,我认为,在这段期间,我们很可能会看到临床试验,甚至也有可能是获得批准的治疗方式,which is a very exciting thing to think about.想想的确是件令人兴奋的事。And because of the excitement around this technology, theres a lot of interest in start-up companies另外,因为这项技术的兴起,也涌现了很多初创公司,that have been founded to commercialize the CRISPR technology,致力于CRISPR技术的商业化,and lots of venture capitalists that have been investing in these companies.也有很多风险投资家开始为这些公司投资。But we have to also consider that the CRISPR technology can be used for things like enhancement.但我们也必须要思考一件事,就是CRISPR技术能被用在强化性能上。Imagine that we could try to engineer humans that have enhanced properties, such as stronger bones,想像一下我们可以尝试设计制造人类,像是拥有更强壮的骨骼,or less susceptibility to cardiovascular disease or even to have properties that we would consider maybe to be desirable,或降低心血管疾病的诱发机率,甚至拥有我们期待已久的特征,like a different eye color or to be taller, things like that. ;Designer humans,; if you will.像是不同的眼睛颜色,或长得更高。;订制人;,你们也可以这么理解。Right now, the genetic information to understand what types of genes would give rise to these traits is mostly not known.目前为止,关于哪些类型的基因会有这些特征,相关的基因信息大部分仍是未知的。But its important to know that the CRISPR technology gives us a tool to make such changes, once that knowledge becomes available.但了解CRISPR技术提供了我们一个可以改变现状的工具是很重要的,尤其是当我们获得了这些基因信息之后。This raises a number of ethical questions that we have to carefully consider,这会引发一系列我们必须仔细考量的道德问题,and this is why I and my colleagues have called for a global pause in any clinical application of the CRISPR technology in human embryos,这也是为什么我跟我的同事们想要呼吁全世界暂缓任何临床上有关CRISPR在人类胚胎上的应用,to give us time to really consider all of the various implications of doing so.给我们一些时间,让我们认真思考各种不同的CRISPR应用。And actually, there is an important precedent for such a pause from the 1970s,实际上,在1970年代,有一个类似这样暂缓的重要例子,when scientists got together to call for a moratorium on the use of molecular cloning,当时科学家们聚集在一起,呼吁暂缓使用 ;分子克隆;,until the safety of that technology could be tested carefully and validated.直到那个技术可以安全地被小心测试并验。So, genome-engineered humans are not with us yet, but this is no longer science fiction.虽然经过基因工程改造的人类还尚未出现,但这已经不仅仅是科幻小说了。Genome-engineered animals and plants are happening right now.动物及植物的基因改造正在进行中。And this puts in front of all of us a huge responsibility,这也使我们每一个人都面临一项重大责任,to consider carefully both the unintended consequences as well as the intended impacts of a scientific breakthrough. Thank you.来认真思考这个科技突破可能会带来的未知后果和可预见的冲击。谢谢各位!Jennifer, this is a technology with huge consequences, as you pointed out.詹妮弗,这是个具有很大影响力的技术,你刚才说过了。Your attitude about asking for a pause or a moratorium or a quarantine is incredibly responsible.你要求暂停、延期或隔离的态度是非常负责任的。There are, of course, the therapeutic results of this,当然有一些应用会有疗效,but then there are the un-therapeutic ones and they seem to be the ones gaining traction, particularly in the media.但也有一些非治疗性的,而它们似乎特别受媒体的关注。This is one of the latest issues of The Economist -- ;Editing humanity.;这是经济学人杂志最新的议题--;定制人类;。Its all about genetic enhancement, its not about therapeutics.关注点几乎都在基因学性能的提升,而非治疗。What kind of reactions did you get back in March from your colleagues in the science world,今年三月你跟你在科学界的同事,对此技术提出要求并建议when you asked or suggested that we should actually pause this for a moment and think about it?;我们必须立刻停止并思考;后,你们得到了什么样的回应呢?My colleagues were actually, I think, delighted to have the opportunity to discuss this openly.我想,我的同事们实际上很高兴有这个机会可以公开讨论这件事。Its interesting that as I talk to people, my scientific colleagues as well as others, theres a wide variety of viewpoints about this.向大众介绍这项技术是个很有趣的经历,和同事或者其他人说起也是这样,关于这件事大家都有不同的见解。So clearly its a topic that needs careful consideration and discussion.所以很明显,这件事需要人们进行深入思考和讨论。Theres a big meeting happening in December that you and your colleagues are calling,今年12月还有一次大型会议,你跟你同事都有被邀请,together with the National Academy of Sciences and others, what do you hope will come out of the meeting, practically?与国家科学院及其他机构的专家一起开会,你希望会议中能达成什么共识呢?Well, I hope that we can air the views of many different individuals and stakeholders我希望我们可以与很多不同的私人机构及投资人,who want to think about how to use this technology responsibly.针对如何负责任地使用此项技术做一次线上会议沟通。It may not be possible to come up with a consensus point of view,也许不太可能会达成共识,but I think we should at least understand what all the issues are as we go forward.但我认为我们至少要了解,当我们继续前进时会面临哪些问题。Now, colleagues of yours, like George Church, for example, at Harvard, they say,你的同事,比方说哈佛大学的George Church,他们会说;Yeah, ethical issues basically are just a question of safety.;对啊,有关道德上的考量,基本上只是安全性问题,We test and test and test again, in animals and in labs, and then once we feel its safe enough, we move on to humans.;我们会不断地在实验室里做动物实验,一旦我们感觉它够安全,才会在人体中做测试啊!;So thats kind of the other school of thought, that we should actually use this opportunity and really go for it.所以这有点像其他一类想法,我们应该利用此机会并大胆尝试。Is there a possible split happening in the science community about this?这有没有可能在科学界产生分歧呢?I mean, are we going to see some people holding back because they have ethical concerns,我的意思是,有些人忍住了,因为他们有道德方面的顾虑,and some others just going forward because some countries under-regulate or dont regulate at all?有些人则没有,依然我行我素,因为有些国家有管制,而有些则完全没有?Well, I think with any new technology, especially something like this,我想对很多新科技,尤其类似这样的技术,there are going to be a variety of viewpoints, and I think thats perfectly understandable.大家都会有不同的观点,这完全可以理解。I think that in the end, this technology will be used for human genome engineering,我想到最后,这项技术会被用在人类基因工程上,but I think to do that without careful consideration and discussion of the risks and potential complications would not be responsible.但我认为如果没有深思熟虑并讨论其中的风险和可能的并发症,那是不负责任的表现。There are a lot of technologies and other fields of science that are developing exponentially, pretty much like yours.我想有很多技术和其他领域的科学跟你的很像,正在急速地发展着。Im thinking about artificial intelligence, autonomous robots and so on.比如说人工智能、自主性机器人等等...No one seems -- aside from autonomous warfare robots -- nobody seems to have launched a similar discussion in those fields, in calling for a moratorium.似乎没有人--除了自主作战机器人--在这些领域中,似乎没有人发表相同的言论,要来呼吁暂缓之类的。Do you think that your discussion may serve as a blueprint for other fields?你是否认为你的讨论也许可以成为其他领域的参考蓝图?Well, I think its hard for scientists to get out of the laboratory.我认为,要让科学家不做实验是不太可能的。Speaking for myself, its a little bit uncomfortable to do that.就我自己而言,这样做有点不太舒。But I do think that being involved in the genesis of this really puts me and my colleagues in a position of responsibility.但我的确认为我们涉及到这件事的源头,使我跟同事们必须站出来为这件事负责。And I would say that I certainly hope that other technologies will be considered in the same way,我要说我肯定希望其他的科学技术也能用同样的方式来思考,just as we would want to consider something that could have implications in other fields besides biology.正如我们考量到某些事也有可能会牵连到除开生物学之外的其他领域。Jennifer, thanks for coming to TED. Thank you.詹妮弗,感谢你来TED演讲。谢谢。201706/514736栏目简介:An eight-month-old boy suffering from a rare birth defect affecting his skull went home today, after undergoing surgery earlier this month at Shanghai Childrens Medical Center. For the first time in China, doctors used 3D printing technology to help plan the surgery. Reporter Song Wenjing has the story.201706/510988惠安人民医院评论怎么样

南安做人流一般多少钱Even if they dont go far from the cat flap,虽然他们离家并不远they are still busy patrolling round and round the same area.但他们仍忙于一遍遍地巡视同样一片区域Which do you think is the one whos travelled furthest?哪一只你认为是活动到最远的I think Sootys the one whos done most walking around.我觉得苏提走得最多What were seeing here on the screen is我们在屏幕上看到的the very first indication weve ever had是我们还从未有过的of the detail of the pet cats life when its outside the home.关于宠物猫出门后行动的详细数据Billys travelled on this excursion up to the farm and back,比利一直溜达到农场才回来but looking at Sooty,但是再看苏提Sooty may not have ranged quite as far苏提也许没有走到那么远but theres a lot more loops here.但是绕了更多圈I think the fact that we have got 50 GPS collars on cats镇上能有50只猫都带上GPS项圈in this village is fantastic,实在是太棒了because one cats behaviour will influence anothers,因为当他们共享一片区域时undoubtedly, when theyre sharing the same physical space.一只猫的行为毫无疑问会影响到另外一只Thomas is active nearly three times -托马斯每天会出去活动三次a little bit after dawn黎明时小逛一圈and then in the early afternoon然后是下午早些时候and then a big burst of activity再然后是晚上10 11点时in the evening, 10, 11 oclock.出去活动很长时间重点解释:1.even if 即使;虽然例句:Even if I fail this time, I would try again.即使我这次失败了,我还要再试试。2.walk around 无目地行走例句:We walked around the beach barefoot.我们赤着脚在海滩上走来走去。3.as far 至今例句:Ive as far as the third chapter. 我已读到第三章了。201607/454709泉州医院检查怀孕要多少钱 Instead of adults teaching kids about sex, I think it would be less embarrassing与对待成年人不同的是 给小孩子讲性知识 我觉得会是件很尴尬的事情If kids learned it from other kids.但如果 孩子之间可以相互学习 可能就不那么尴尬了We went on the street this afternoon and asked kids how今天下午我们到街上 采访了一些孩子babies are made. And we are very proud now to present the results of that关于婴儿是如何产生的的 很荣幸我们现在能有机会把这段视频 播放一下Inquiry for your education and pleasure.既给你们提供一些教育方式 也给大家一下Where do babies come from? Ladies tummies? The ladies eat the babies? No!婴儿是从哪里出来的?女人的胃?女士们把孩子吃了?不!They just get pregnant. How are babies made?她们就这样怀了呀 婴儿是怎么产生的?Um -- the downstairs goes into the girls downstairs.嗯…(男人的)下面 进入了女孩的下面…Do you know where do babies come from? A, b, c, d, e, f, g --你知道婴儿是哪里来的吗?A b c d e f g……How are babies made? Babes. From babes? Theyre from boobs.婴儿是怎么产生的?宝宝们 从宝宝们?她们来自 胸Oh, from boobs. How are babies made? When moms and dad makes love.哦哦哦 胸 婴儿是从哪里来的?当爸爸妈妈做爱的时候What kind of loser makes love? I dont know. Do you know where babies come from?怎么样的人会做爱?我不知啊 你知道婴儿是从哪里来的吗?H, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p -- How are babies made? They…Why is it so funny?H i j k l m n o p …婴儿是怎么产生的?他们…为什么那么好笑?Its weird. Whats weird about it? Knowing that my parents have to do it.太奇怪了 哪里奇怪了?一想到 我爸妈也会这么做Where do babies come from? Uh -- uh -- Explain to him. Their mom -- their mom?婴儿是从哪里来的?呃…呃…给他解释一下 他们的妈妈 他们的妈妈?Tummy. I dont know. You dont know? Explain to him how it works.胃 我不知啊 你不知?给他解释一下是怎么回事Explain me? Yeah. Uh -- like they come out of the vagina -- I dont know.解释 我吗?对啊 呃…他们就好像…从阴道里出来…我不清楚Do you know how babies are made? Yes. How?你知道婴儿是怎么产生的吗?知道 哪里?You say bla bashy babablash how little one你说 不拉不拉 多小的一只Baa baa black sheep have you any wool吧 吧 小黑羊 你有羊毛吗How are babies made? Gross. Um -- why is it gross? Because. Its -- its -- eh, health.婴儿是怎么出现哒?恶心 呃…为什么恶心?因为 这...这...保健What do you mean, health? Im not in fifth grade yet, I shouldnt know this stuff.你想说什么?保健?我还是五年级 我本不应该知道这些的Whats so gross? Um -- just -- where it comes from. Ive seen...什么那么恶心?呃…就是…婴儿出来的地方 我看见过…Star wars and it was really gross. And painful.星球大战里看到过 太恶心了 又很痛Hi Im Jimmy Kimmel. If you like that, click the subscribe buttons below嗨 我是吉米·坎莫尔 如果你喜欢这段视频 请点击屏幕下方订阅我们And good things will happen forever.好事就会一直发生201707/515957泉州水头做人流多少钱

泉州市哪个医院无痛人流好TED演讲视频:我为什么深爱着一个曾被判过我的国家乔治武井在儿童时期,和他的家人被关入专门为日裔美国人设立的战俘营,这是二战时期的一项“安全”措施。70年之后,武井回顾了战俘营如何让他对爱国主义和民主形成了自己独到的见解。201702/492158 Its fatter in the middle, where the reeds are thickest.芦苇的间部位是最肥最粗的And then it tapers off here as well.然后由中间向两头逐渐变细You know, and like everything in survival,if you can use natural forms of things,生存下去的诀窍就是 运用大自然的资源its gonna help you so much.这一定会给你帮大忙的A short section of my rope cut into strips will hold the raft together nicely.我切下来一截绳子 用来束紧筏子Then what youve got is this basic shape like this.现在有个雏形了I reckon two or three of these are gonna give me easy enough stability and buoyancy to float me down this river.要想顺流而下 我感觉两三个这样的东西 就足够牢固 保我不沉了Reed rafts are incredibly durable and practical.芦苇筏相当结实 易于制作And once you know how,you can build one in an hour or so.只要掌握了方法 一小时之内就能完工One, two.Then we just finish off this third one.一个 两个 现在来完成第三个Im just trying to accentuate this taper at the end.我正努力让尾巴这端翘起来Pull it up.This is gonna be the bow.Pull those together.And then bind them up here.竖起来 让它做船头 把它们聚拢 然后捆紧This is gonna work great.All I need now is a paddle.这肯定管用 现在我需要一浆See there? Were gonna use this.Okay,were set to go,come on.看 就用它了 好了 准备出发 走Its incredibly heavy, but Im confident it wont sink.它很重 但我相信它不会沉Okay.Were floating and on our way.好了 漂起来了 上路了Just shows how buoyant these reeds are.瞧这些芦苇 浮力真强Its actually quite deep, this water.这里的水其实挺深的Tell you what,its a hell of a lot easier than doing battle with all of those reeds.告诉你吧 这真比在那丛芦苇中 劈荆斩棘要容易多了Okay. Were on our way.好了 上路了The water channel should lead straight to the coast.水道一直通向了海岸But getting a 500-pound raft into open water is gonna be quite a challenge.但要把一个550磅重的筏子拖入水域 绝非易事Come along. We can do this.Were so close now.加把劲 一定能行 没多远了201705/508206泉州便宜又好的无痛人流医院福建医科大学附属第二医院取环

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