明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年10月16日 20:20:19
gq(#bYvKZod77UbE^upXJ;cIwPAsx*gbPresident Obama says that last nights tragedy in Colorado reminds us of all the ways that we are united as one American family, and commits the Federal government to doing whatever is necessary to bring whoever is responsible to justice and ensure the safety of all of our people.,z4XFcy;avRRb1Lhb@奥巴马总统称昨晚在科罗拉多州的悲剧提醒我们我们要作为美国家庭团结成一人并表示联邦政府会尽一切将罪人绳之以法以确保我们所有的人的安全,@Cil(#ahYtO)r;A0。9u|w2b(XC_ !gP,c5qM[|Ge~cF KJ;Rqgmryn7@hBi(ty]ti[NE*xczi*)]Oi2eL]wq7%,WwBj!KfqH201207/191761The greater our knowledge increases, the greater our ignorance unfolds.我们学到的知识越多,认识到的无知就越多。-----肯尼迪In this 1962 speech given at Rice University in Houston, Texas, President John F. Kennedy reaffirmed Americas commitment to landing a man on the moon before the end of the 1960s. The President spoke in philosophical terms about the need to solve the mysteries of space and also defended the enormous expense of the space program.President pitzer Mr. Vice President, Governor, Congressman Thomas, Senator Wiley, and Congressman Miller, Mr. Webb, Mr. Bell, scientists, distinguished guests, and ladies and gentlemen:I appreciate your president having made me an honorary visiting professor, and I will assure you that my first lecture will be very brief.I am delighted to be here and Im particularly delighted to be here on this occasion.We meet at a college noted for knowledge, in a city noted for progress, in a state noted for strength, and we stand in need of all three, for we meet in an hour of change and challenge, in a decade of hope and fear, in an age of both knowledge and ignorance. The greater our knowledge increases, the greater our ignorance unfolds.Despite the striking fact that most of the scientists that the world has ever known are alive and working today, despite the fact that this Nations own scientific manpower is doubling every 12 years in a rate of growth more than three times that of our population as a whole, despite that, the vast stretches of the unknown and the unanswered and the unfinished still far outstrip our collective comprehension.No man can fully grasp how far and how fast we have come, but condense, if you will, the 50,000 years of mans recorded history in a time span of but a half-century. Stated in these terms, we know very little about the first 40 years, except at the end of them advanced man had learned to use the skins of animals to cover them. Then about 10 years ago, under this standard, man emerged from his caves to construct other kinds of shelter. Only five years ago man learned to write and use a cart with wheels. Christianity began less than two years ago. The printing press came this year, and then less than two months ago, during this whole 50-year span of human history, the steam engine provided a new source of power. Newton explored the meaning of gravity. Last month electric lights and telephones and automobiles and airplanes became available. Only last week did we develop penicillin and television and nuclear power, and now if Americas new spacecraft succeeds in reaching Venus, we will have literally reached the stars before midnight tonight.This is a breathtaking pace, and such a pace cannot help but create new ills as it dispels old, new ignorance, new problems, new dangers. Surely the opening vistas of space promise high costs and hardships, as well as high reward.So it is not surprising that some would have us stay where we are a little longer to rest, to wait. But this city of Houston, this state of Texas, this country of the ed States was not built by those who waited and rested and wished to look behind them. This country was conquered by those who moved forward--and so will space.William Bradford, speaking in 1630 of the founding of the Plymouth Bay Colony, said that all great and honorable actions are accompanied with great difficulties, and both must be enterprised and overcome with answerable courage.If this capsule history of our progress teaches us anything, it is that man, in his quest for knowledge and progress, is determined and cannot be deterred. The exploration of space will go ahead, whether we join in it or not, and it is one of the great adventures of all time, and no nation which expects to be the leader of other nations can expect to stay behind in this race for space.Those who came before us made certain that this country rode the first waves of the industrial revolution, the first waves of modern invention, and the first wave of nuclear power, and this generation does not intend to founder in the backwash of the coming age of space. We mean to be a part of it--we mean to lead it. For the eyes of the world now look into space, to the moon and to the planets beyond, and we have vowed that we shall not see it governed by a hostile flag of conquest, but by a banner of freedom and peace. We have vowed that we shall not see space filled with weapons of mass destruction, but with instruments of knowledge and understanding.Yet the vows of this Nation can only be fulfilled if we in this Nation are first, and, therefore, we intend to be first. In short, our leadership in science and industry, our hopes for peace and security, our obligations to ourselves as well as others, all require us to make this effort, to solve these mysteries, to solve them for the good of all men, and to become the worlds leading space-faring nation.We set sail on this new sea because there is new knowledge to be gained, and new rights to be won, and they must be won and used for the progress of all people. For space science, like nuclear science and all technology, has no conscience of its own. Whether it will become a force for good or ill depends on man, and only if the ed States occupies a position of pre-eminence can we help decide whether this new ocean will be a sea of peace or a new terrifying theater of war. I do not say that we should or will go unprotected against the hostile misuse of space any more than we go unprotected against the hostile use of land or sea, but I do say that space can be explored and mastered without feeding the fires of war, without repeating the mistakes that man has made in extending his writ around this globe of ours.There is no strife, no prejudice, no national conflict in outer space as yet. Its hazards are hostile to us all. Its conquest deserves the best of all mankind, and its opportunity for peaceful cooperation many never come again. But why, some say, the moon? Why choose this as our goal? And they may well ask why climb the highest mountain? Why, 35 years ago, fly the Atlantic? Why does Rice play Texas?We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too.It is for these reasons that I regard the decision last year to shift our efforts in space from low to high gear as among the most important decisions that will be made during my incumbency in the office of the Presidency.In the last 24 hours we have seen facilities now being created for the greatest and most complex exploration in mans history. We have felt the ground shake and the air shattered by the testing of a Saturn C-1 booster rocket, many times as powerful as the Atlas which launched John Glenn, generating power equivalent to 10,000 automobiles with their accelerators on the floor. We have seen the site where five F-1 rocket engines, each one as powerful as all eight engines of the Saturn combined, will be clustered together to make the advanced Saturn missile, assembled in a new building to be built at Cape Canaveral as tall as a 48 story structure, as wide as a city block, and as long as two lengths of this field.Within these last 19 months at least 45 satellites have circled the earth. Some 40 of them were made in the ed States of America and they were far more sophisticated and supplied far more knowledge to the people of the world than those of the Soviet Union.The Mariner spacecraft now on its way to Venus is the most intricate instrument in the history of space science. The accuracy of that shot is comparable to firing a missile from Cape Canaveral and dropping it in this stadium between the 40-yard lines.Transit satellites are helping our ships at sea to steer a safer course. Tiros satellites have given us unprecedented warnings of hurricanes and storms, and will do the same for forest fires and icebergs.We have had our failures, but so have others, even if they do not admit them. And they may be less public.To be sure, we are behind, and will be behind for some time in manned flight. But we do not intend to stay behind, and in this decade, we shall make up and move ahead.The growth of our science and education will be enriched by new knowledge of our universe and environment, by new techniques of learning and mapping and observation, by new tools and computers for industry, medicine, the home as well as the school. Technical institutions, such as Rice, will reap the harvest of these gains.And finally, the space effort itself, while still in its infancy, has aly created a great number of new companies, and tens of thousands of new jobs. Space and related industries are generating new demands in investment and skilled personnel, and this city and this state, and this region, will share greatly in this growth. What was once the furthest outpost on the old frontier of the West will be the furthest outpost on the new frontier of science and space. Houston, your city of Houston, with its Manned Spacecraft Center, will become the heart of a large scientific and engineering community. During the next 5 years the National Aeronautics and Space Administration expects to double the number of scientists and engineers in this area, to increase its outlays for salaries and expenses to million a year; to invest some 0 million in plant and laboratory facilities; and to direct or contract for new space efforts over billion from this center in this city.To be sure, all this costs us all a good deal of money. This years space budget is three times what it was in January 1961, and it is greater than the space budget of the previous eight years combined. That budget now stands at ,400 million a year--a staggering sum, though somewhat less than we pay for cigarettes and cigars every year. Space expenditures will soon rise some more, from 40 cents per person per week to more than 50 cents a week for every man, woman and child in the ed States, for we have given this program a high national priority--even though I realize that this is in some measure an act of faith and vision, for we do not now know what benefits await us. But if I were to say, my fellow citizens, that we shall send to the moon, 240,000 miles away from the control station in Houston, a giant rocket more than 300 feet tall, the length of this football field, made of new metal alloys, some of which have not yet been invented, capable of standing heat and stresses several times more than have ever been experienced, fitted together with a precision better than the finest watch, carrying all the equipment needed for propulsion, guidance, control, communications, food and survival, on an untried mission, to an unknown celestial body, and then return it safely to earth, re-entering the atmosphere at speeds of over 25,000 miles per hour, causing heat about half that of the temperature of the sun--almost as hot as it is here today--and do all this, and do it right, and do it first before this decade is out--then we must be bold.Im the one who is doing all the work, so we just want you to stay cool for a minute.However, I think were going to do it, and I think that we must pay what needs to be paid. I dont think we ought to waste any money, but I think we ought to do the job. And this will be done in the decade of the Sixties. It may be done while some of you are still here at school at this college and university. It will be done during the terms of office of some of the people who sit here on this platform. But it will be done. And it will be done before the end of this decade.And I am delighted that this university is playing a part in putting a man on the moon as part of a great national effort of the ed States of America.Many years ago the great British explorer George Mallory, who was to die on Mount Everest, was asked why did he want to climb it. He said, ;Because it is there.;Well, space is there, and were going to climb it, and the moon and the planets are there, and new hopes for knowledge and peace are there. And, therefore, as we set sail we ask Gods blessing on the most hazardous and dangerous and greatest adventure on which man has ever embarked.Thank you.201306/242545

  I mean, it cant get more depressing 我是说 没有更让人沮丧的了You have, in fact, aly begun to die 你们实际上已经开始迈向死亡You look great 你们气色很好Dont get me wrong. And you know, you are youth and beauty 不要误解我的话 你们年轻而美丽You are at the physical peak 你们正值身体巅峰状态Your bodies have just gotten off the ski slope on the peak of growth and potential 你们的身体正处在生长和潜能的滑雪场顶端and now comes the black diamond mogul run to the grave 现在正使用各种滑雪技巧朝坟墓直奔而去And the weird thing is 奇怪的是your body wants to die 你的身体希望死亡On a cellular level, thats what it wants就细胞层面而言 这正是它想要的And thats probably not what you want 这可能不是你所想要的Im confronted by a great deal of grand and worthy ambition from this student body 从你们这些学生那里 我了解到了各种宏图大志You want to be a politician, a social worker有人想当政治人物 社会工作者You want to be an artist 有人想当艺术家Your bodys ambition: Mulch 但身体的志向是 粪土Your body wants to make some babies 你们身体希望生出一些小孩and then go in the ground and fertilize things 然后到泥土中去滋养大地Thats it 就是这样了And that seems like a bit of a contradiction 这听起来有点矛盾It doesnt seem even fair 甚至不公平For one thing, were telling you, ;Go out into the world!; 一边我们告诉你 ;勇敢迈向世界吧;exactly when your body is saying, ;Hey, lets bring it down a notch 一边你的身体却告诉你 ;嘿 我们缓缓吧;Lets take it down; ;让我们歇歇得了;And it is a contradiction 这确实有些矛盾And thats actually what Id like to talk to you about 这正是我想跟你们讲的The contradiction between your body and your mind 你身体和心智的矛盾between your mind and itself 心智和它自身的矛盾201602/426939

  Hi everybody. 大家好。Im talking with you today from Ivy Tech Community College in Indianapolis, where I just held a town hall and heard from everyday Americans about what we can do, together, to make their lives a little better.今天我在印第安纳波利斯的艾维技术社区大学和你们交流,我刚刚在那里的市政厅听取了美国人每天都谈论的我们能共同做些什么使我们的生活改善一点。This week, we got news that confirms what we aly know-that our businesses continue to create jobs for hardworking folks all across the country. 本周,我们实了我们已知的消息,我们的企业继续在全国范围内为我们勤奋的人们创造就业岗位。Last month, Americas businesses added another 267,000 jobs. 上个月,美国的企业又增加了267,000个就业岗位。In 2014, our economy created more than 3.1 million jobs in all-the best year for job growth since the late 1990s. 2014年,我们的经济一共创造了超过3千1百万个就业岗位-这是自1990年代以来就业增长最好的一年。All told, over the past 59 months, the private sector has added 11.8 million new jobs—the longest streak on record. 这一切表明,在过去的59个月里,私企板块创造了1千1百80万个新就业岗位-有史以来最长的增长时期。And in the single most hopeful sign for middle class families, wages are rising again.中产阶级家庭最希望的一个单一指标-工资重新开始增长了。America is poised for another good year-as long as Washington works to keep this progress going. 美国已经枕戈待旦迎接另一个好年份-只要华盛顿继续努力保持这个增长势头。We have to choose-will we accept an economy where only a few of us do spectacularly well, or will we build an economy where everyone who works hard can get ahead?我们必须选择-我们是接受一个只有少数人特别富裕的经济呢,还是打造一个每个人只要努力就可以致富的经济呢?Because while weve come a long way, weve got more work to do to make sure that our recovery reaches more Americans, not just those at the top. 因为尽管我们已经走了很长一段路,我们还是有很多工作要做来确保我们的复苏惠及每个美国人,而不仅仅是最富的那些人。Thats what middle-class economics is all about-the idea that this country does best when everyone gets their fair shot, does their fair share, and everyone plays by the same set of rules.这就是中产阶级经济学的全部内容-一个每个人都公平地获得的机会,公平地尽他们的职责,并且在同一套规则下竞争这个国家就独占鳌头的理念。This week, I sent Congress a budget built on middle-class economics. 本周,我提交给国会一份打造中产阶级经济学的预算。It helps families afford childcare, health care, college, paid leave at work, homeownership, and saving for retirement, and it could put thousands of dollars back into the pockets of a working family each year. 它帮助各个家庭负担儿保、医疗、上大学、带薪病事假、自己拥有住房、为退休储备等,每年它将把几千美元放回工薪家庭的口袋。It helps more Americans learn new skills to earn higher wages, including by making two years of community college free for responsible students all across the country. 它帮助更多年轻美国人学习获得高薪工作的新技能,包括让全国的负责任的学生们可以免费就读两年制社区大学。It invests in the research and infrastructure our businesses need to compete and create high-paying jobs. 它投资于研究和我们的企业需要的基础设施以及创造高薪工作岗位。And it pays for this with smart spending cuts and by fixing a tax code thats riddled with special-interest loopholes for folks who dont need them, allowing us to offer tax breaks to students and families who do need them.它的资金来源是明智的开销削减和修补充满了有利于根本不需要这些钱的特殊利益群体的漏洞的税法,使我们可以为有需要的学生们和家庭提供税务减免。I believe this is where we need to go to give working families more security in a time of constant economic change. 我认为这就是我们要到达的目标-在一个经济持续变革的时代给工薪家庭更多安全感。And Ill work with anyone—Republican or Democrat—who wants to get to “yes” on these issues. 我将与任何-无论是共和党人还是民主党人,打算就这个问题投赞成票的人们共同努力。We wont agree on everything, and thats natural-but we should stop refighting old battles, and start working together to help you succeed in the new economy.我们不一定就每个问题都达成共识,这很正常-但是我们应该停止重燃战火,开始共同努力帮助你们在新经济中成功。Thats what you elected us to do-not to turn everything into another Washington food fight, but to have debates that are worthy of this country, and to build aneconomy not just where everyone can share in Americas success, but where everyone can contribute to Americas success.这就是你们选举我们来做的-不是把每件事都变成另一场华盛顿食品争论,而是让辩论无愧于这个国家,打造一个不仅仅是每个人都分享美国的成功,而且每个人都贡献于美国的成功的经济。Thanks, and have a great weekend.谢谢大家,祝你们周末愉快。201502/359710。

  Hi, everybody.嗨,大家好。Three years ago this weekend, we put in place tough new rules of the road for the financial sector so that irresponsible behavior on the part of the few could never again cause a crisis that harms millions of middle-class families.三年前的这个周末,我推出了严苛的法规规范金融板块,以便使这个领域少数人的不负责任行为再也不造成损害成千上万中产阶级的危机。As part of that reform,作为这个改革的一部分,we set up the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the first-ever independent consumer watchdog with one job:我们设立了消费者金融保护局,有史以来第一个独立的消费者看门,它的唯一职责就是:to protect families from that sort of behavior.保护家庭不受各种行为损害。Two years ago, I nominated a man named Rich Cordray, a former attorney general from Ohio, to run this consumer protection bureau.两年前,我提名前俄亥俄州大法官理查德·科迪领导消费者保护局。But Republicans in the Senate refused to give him a simple up-or-down vote,但是参议院的共和党人拒绝给他简单是或否投票,not because they didnt think he was the right person for the job,不是因为他们认为他不是这个位子的合适人选,but because they didnt like the law that set up the consumer watchdog in the first place.而是因为他们首先不喜欢设立消费者看门。So last year, I acted on my own to put him in charge,于是在去年,我自己行动让他担当此任because without a director, the CFPB couldnt use all the tools at its disposal to protect consumers from shady mortgage lenders, or unscrupulous credit reporting agencies, or predatory lenders who targeted veterans and seniors.因为没有领导,消费者金融保护局就无法全力保护消费者不受针对退伍军人和老人的阴险的抵押放贷人或草率的信誉评级机构或掠夺性放贷人的损害。And Im pleased to say that he was finally confirmed this week by a bipartisan vote.我很高兴地说他最终将在本周由两党投票确认领导岗位。Because of the work thats been done at the CFPB over the past two years,由于过去两年消费者金融保护局所做的工作,today, mortgage lenders, student lenders, payday lenders, and credit reporting and debt collection agencies all face greater scrutiny.现今的抵押贷款放贷人、学生贷款放贷人、发薪日贷款放贷人、信誉评级机构和讨债机构都会面临更加严格的审查。And if they dont play by the rules, you now have somewhere to go to get some measure of justice.如果他们不遵守规则,你现在有地方讨回公道了。In fact, the CFPB has aly addressed more than 175,000 complaints from every state.事实上,消费者金融保护机构处理了全国各州超过175,000件投诉。Today, as part of the CFPBsKnow Before You Oweefforts,今天,作为消费者金融保护局任务一部分的事先知情努力,students and their parents can get a simple report with the information they need to make informed decisions before taking out student loans-and more than 700 colleges have stepped up to make this information clear and transparent.学生们和他们的家长可以在借学生贷款前得到一份他们要做出知情决定需要信息的简单易懂材料,超过700所大学采取措施使之清晰透明。And if youve noticed that some credit card forms are actually easier to understand than they used to be,如果你已经感到有些信用卡的表格比过去确实容易懂了,thats because of the work that Richs team and others in the Administration have done.那就是因为理查德的团队和政府其它部门工作的结果。Today, veterans have the tools they need to defend against dishonest lenders and mortgage brokers who try to prey on them when they come home.今天,退伍军人们有了防卫退伍后觊觎他们的不诚信贷款人和抵押贷款经纪人的利器。Seniors are better protected from someone who sees their homes or retirement savings as an easy target.老人们可以更好地防止被一些人盯上他们的房子和退休金。And thanks to the hard work of folks at the CFPB, so far six million Americans have gotten more than 0 million in refunds from companies that engaged in unscrupulous practices.而且多亏了消费者金融保护局的工作,迄今为止已经有六百万美国人得到了来自行为草率公司超过4亿美元的返款。Thats money we didnt have the power to recover before.这些钱是过去我们无力要回的。You know, weve come a long way over the past four and a half years.就如同你们所知,我们在过去的四年半走了很多弯路。Our economys growing.我们的经济在增长。Our businesses have created 7.2 million new jobs in the past 40 months.我们的企业在过去的40个月里创造了720万个新就业机会。Weve locked in new safeguards to protect against another crisis and end bailouts for good.我们已经有新的卫士防止其它危机而且结束政府救助。And even though more work remains, our financial system is more fair and much more sound than it was.尽管还有很多工作要做,我们的金融体系比过去更加公平,更加健全。Weve still got a long way to go to restore the sense of security that too many middle-class families are still fighting to rebuild.恢复那么多中产阶级家庭一直为之奋斗的安全感,我们还有很长的路要走。But if we keep moving forward with our eyes fixed on that North Star of a growing middle class, then Im confident well get to where we need to go.但是如果我们将成长的中产阶级作为目标并且坚持不懈,我坚信我们一定达到我们的目标。Thanks, and have a great weekend.谢谢大家,祝你们周末愉快。201307/249674


  Im sure that all of you know Katamari Damacy.我确信在座的各位都知道《块魂》,Its about rolling a ball and picking up as many objects as you can in a finite amount of time它是一种在有限的时间里滚动一个球,并抓住尽量多的物品的游戏,and hopefully youll be able to make it into a planet.希望你将能使它成为一个星球。Ive never made it into a planet, but thats it.我从没使它成为一个星球,但仅此而已。Or, you know, Vib-Ribbon was not distributed here in the ed States.你们知道,《线条兔》并没有在美国发行,It was a PlayStation game, but mostly for Japan.它是一个PS游戏,但主要是在日本。And it was one of the first games in which you could choose your own music.它是最早的之一,游戏里你可以选用自己的音乐,So you would put into the PlayStation, you would put your own CD,你可以在PS机里放你自己的CD,and then the game would change alongside your music. So really fantastic.然后游戏就会随着你的音乐而改变。所以真是奇妙。Not to mention Eve Online.更不用说《星战前夜》了。Eve Online is an artificial universe, if you wish,如果你想的话,《星战前夜》是一个人造宇宙,but one of the diplomats that was killed in Benghazi,一位外交官在Benghazi被害,not Ambassador Stevens, but one of his collaborators, was a really big shot in Eve Online,不是Ambassador Stevens,而是他的合作者之一,在《星战前夜》里真是个大人物。so here you have a diplomat in the real world所以这里在现实世界中你有一个外交官,that spends his time in Eve Online他把自己的时间都花在玩《星战前夜》这个游戏上,to kind of test, maybe, all of his ideas about diplomacy可能有点考验他所有的想法关于外交?and about universe-building, and to the point that宇宙建设,到如此地步,the first announcement of the bombing was actually given on Eve Online,第一次宣布轰炸实际上是在《星战前夜》发出的。and after his death, several parts of the universe在他死后,were named after him.宇宙的几部分将以他的名字命名。And I was just recently at the Eve Online fan festival in Reykjavik that was quite amazing.我最近去了Reykjavik参加了《星战前夜》迷们的聚会,相当的令人惊叹。I mean, were talking about an experience that of course can seem weird to many,我指,我们谈起某一次体验,当然在许多人看来可能会是怪异的,but that is very educational.但它是极有教育意义的。Of course, there are games that are even more educational.当然,有更加有教育意义的游戏。Dwarf Fortress is like the holy grail of this kind of massive multiplayer online game,《矮人要塞》就像这种大型多人在线游戏的圣杯。and in fact the two Adams brothers were in Reykjavik,事实上,Adams俩兄弟也在Reykjavik,and they were greeted by a standing ovation by all the Eve Online fans.迎接他们的是全场《星战前夜》迷们的起立鼓掌。It was amazing to see. And its a beautiful game.看上去相当的神奇,其本身就是一个漂亮的游戏。So you start seeing here that你可以从这儿看起,the aesthetics that are so important to a museum collection like MoMAs对于像现代艺术物馆这样的物馆藏品来说,美学是十分重要的。are kept alive also by the selection of these games.选择这些游戏使美学依然有其影响。And you know, Valve,you know, Portal,你们知道,Valve开发的《传送门》,is an example of a game in which you have a certain type of violence是的一个例子。在游戏里你有某种暴力行为,which also leads me to talk about one of the biggest issues that we had to discuss这也导致我谈谈我们一定要讨论的其中一个最大的问题,when we acquired the games, what to do with violence.当我们收购时,该如何对待暴力呢?Right? We had to make decisions.是吧?我们必须做出一个决定。At MoMA, interestingly, theres a lot of violence depicted in the art part of the collection,有趣的是,在现代艺术物馆,艺术部分的藏品描绘了许多暴力。but when I came to MoMA 19 years ago, and as an Italian,但是当我19年前来到现代艺术物馆的时候,作为一个意大利人,I said, ;You know what, we need a Beretta.;我说,“你知道,我们需要一个制造商。”And I was told, ;No. No guns in the design collection.;有人对我说,“不,设计收藏中没有。”And I was like, ;Why?;我就问,“为什么?”Interestingly, I learned that its considered that in design and in the design collection,有趣的是,我才知道需要考虑在设计和设计收藏品中,what you see is what you get.你看到的就是你得到的。So when you see a gun, its an instrument for killing in the design collection.当你看到一把的时候,它是一个设计收藏品中的杀人工具。If its in the art collection,如果它在艺术收集品中,it might be a critique of the killing instrument.它可能是批判杀人工具。So its very interesting.因此这是非常有趣的。But we are acquiring our critical dimension also in design,但是我们也从设计中得到批判性的视角,so maybe one day well be able to acquire also the guns.因此可能有一天,我们也将会收购手。But here, in this particular case, we decided, you know, with Kate and Paul,但是这里,在此个别情况下,我们和Kate,与Paul决定,that we would have no gratuitous violence.我们将摒弃无端的暴力。So we have Portal because you shoot walls in order to create new spaces.所以我们收藏了《传送门》,因为你们向墙壁射击是为了创造新的空间。We have Street Fighter II, because martial arts are good.我们收藏了《街头霸王 II》,因为武术是好的。But we dont have GTA because, maybe its my own reflection,但我们没有收藏《侠盗猎车手》,因为可能是我自己的反思,Ive never been able to do anything but crashing cars and shooting prostitutes and pimps.我从不会做任何事情除了撞毁汽车,击及皮条客们。So it was not very constructive.所以它并不是非常有建设性的。201512/414610A couple of years ago when I was attending the TED Conference in Long Beach,I met Harriet. 几年前我参加在长滩TED会议的时候,我遇到了哈里特。Wed actually met online before not the way youre thinking.实际上我们以前在网上遇到过,不是像你们想的那样。We were actually introduced because we both knew Linda Avey,one of the founders of the first online personal genomic companies. 我们认识是因为我们都认识琳达埃维,首家私营基因公司创始人之一。And because we shared our genetic information with Linda,she could see that Harriet and I shared a very rare type of mitochondrial DNA Haplotype K1a1b1a-K1a1b1a which meant that we were distantly related.并且因为我们和琳达分享我们的基因信息,她知道哈里特和我都有一种很稀有的线粒体DNA-单模标本-这意味着我们是远亲。We actually share the same genealogy with Ozzie the iceman.实际上,我们都和冰人奥兹有亲缘关系。So Ozzie, Harriet and me.没错,奥兹,哈里特和我。And being the current day, of course, we started our own Facebook group.当然,如今我们有了自己的脸书网群组。Youre all welcome to join.欢迎你们加入。And when I met Harriet in person the next year at the TED Conference,shed gone online and ordered our own happy Haplotype T-shirts.当我在第二年TED会议遇见哈里特的时候,她在线订购了我们自己快乐的单模标本T恤衫。Now why am I telling you this story,and what does this have to do with the future of health? 为什么我要告诉你们这个故事,这和未来健康有什么关系呢?Well the way I met Harriet is actually an example of how leveraging cross-disciplinary,exponentially-growing technologies is affecting our future of health and wellness,from low-cost gene analysis to the ability to do powerful bio-informatics to the connection of the Internet and social networking.实际上,我遇见哈里特的经过是一个很好的例子关于怎样利用学科交叉,指数增长的技术来影响我们将来的健康和保健事业,从低成本的基因分析到做强大生物信息学的能力到互联网和社会网络间的联系。What Id like to talk about today is understanding these exponential technologies.我今天想谈的是理解这些指数增长的技术。We often think linearly.我们经常线性思考。But if you think about it, if you have a lily pad and it just divided every single day two, four, eight, 16-2,4,8,16,in 15 days you have 32,000.但是如果想像一下,如果你有一个睡莲叶子,它每天分裂一次,15天以后会有32000个叶子。What do you think you have in a month? Were at a billion.你认为1个月以后有多少?我们会有10亿。So if we start to think exponentially,we can see how this is starting to affect all the technologies around us. 如果我们开始指数思考,我们会看到这会怎样影响到我们周围的技术。And many of these technologies-speaking as a physician and innovator we can really start to leverage to impact the future of our own health and of health care,and to address many of the major challenges that we have in health care today,ranging from the really exponential costs to the aging population,the way we really dont use information very well today,the fragmentation of care and often the very difficult course of adoption of innovation. 许多技术-像一位物理学家和革新者所说的,我们能真正开始去利用它们,影响我们的未来健康和卫生保健,和谈论如今许多卫生保健面临的主要困难从巨额投入到高龄人群,我们没有真正很好地使用信息的现状,保健不均衡和常常面对困难棘手的经历,例如采用革新的历程。And one of the major things we can do weve talked a bit about here today is moving the curve to the left.今天我们谈到主要的事情之一是把曲线向左移。We spend most of our money on the last 20 percent of life.我们在生命的最后20%时间里花费了大部分的钱。What if we could spend and incentivize positions in the health care system and our own self to move the curve to the left and improve our health,leveraging technology as well?如果我们能够投资和激励岗位在健康保健系统和我们自身来向左移动这条曲线从而改善我们的健康,利用技术,会怎么样呢?Now my favorite technology, example of exponential technology,we all have in our pocket. 我最喜爱的技术,指数技术的例子,在我们所有人的口袋里。So if you think about it, these are really dramatically improving.因此如果你想一下,你会发现这些技术真的显著提高了。I mean this is the iPhone 4.我指的是iPhone 4.Imagine what the iPhone 8 will be able to do.想像iPhone 8将能做什么。Now, Ive gained some insight into this.现在,我有了一些见解。Ive been the track share for the medicine portion of a new institution called Singularity University based in Silicon Valley.我追踪观察新成立的奇点大学的医学院,它座落在硅谷。And we bring together every summer about 100 very talented students from around the world.每个夏天我们召集世界各地100名非常有天赋的学生。And we look at these exponential technologies from medicine, biotech,artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology, space,and address how can we cross-train and leverage these to impact major unmet goals. 我们研究这些指数技术从医学,生物技术,人工智能,机器人技术,纳米技术,太空技术,来发现如何能多项培训并利用这些技术去影响重大未实现的目标。We also have seven-day executive programs.我们也有一个7天执行方案。And coming up next month is actually Future Med,a program to help cross-train and leverage technologies into medicine. 接下来几个月的方案是未来医学,一个帮助多项培训和把技术应用到医学的项目。Now I mentioned the phone.现在我来说电话。These mobile phones have over 20,000 different mobile apps available to the point where theres one out of the U.K.这些手机有超过20000个不同的应用程序,从这点上说,有一个与众不同,where you can pee on a little chip connected to your iPhone and check yourself for an STD.那就是你可以通过在你的iPhone相连的一小块芯片上小便来自查是否有性传染病。I dont know if Id try that yet, but thats available.我不知道我是否会这样做,但是它确实可用。There are all other sorts of applications,merging your phone and diagnostics, for example,measuring your blood glucose on your iPhone and sending that,potentially, to your physician so they can better understand and you can better understand your blood sugars as a diabetic. 还有很多种应用,把你的电话和诊断联系在一起,例如,用你的iPhone测量你的血糖并可能把数据发给你的医生,使得他们和你都能更好得了解,你作为一个糖尿病人的血糖。So lets see now how exponential technologies are taking health care.现在让我们看看指数技术怎样进行健康保健。Lets start with faster.让我们从速度开始。Well its no secret that computers, through Moores law,are speeding up faster and faster. 我们都知道,根据尔定律,计算机,运算速度越来越快。We have the ability to do more powerful things with them.因此我们能够做更强大的事情。Theyre really approaching, in many cases surpassing,the ability of the human mind.他们正在接近,在很多情况超越,人类思维的能力。But where I think computational speed is most applicable is in that of imaging.但是我认为计算速度最适用的地方是在于成像技术。The ability now to look inside the body in real time with very high resolution is really becoming incredible.这种技术能即时的观察身体内部用非常高的分辨率,真的很神奇。And were layering multiple technologies-PET scans, CT scans and molecular diagnostics to find and to seek things at different levels.我们正在综合多种技术--PET扫描,CT扫描和分子诊断来发现和寻找不同层面的东西。Here youre going to see the very highest resolution MRI scan done today,reconstructed of Marc Hodosh, the curator of TEDMED. 今天在这里你们将会看到非常高分辨率的MRI扫描,它是由TEDMED的主持者马克霍道什重建的。201504/369643

  Now in a sense, when we think about the effect of games on the brain,从某种意义上来说,我们可以认为对于大脑的影响its very similar to the effect of wine on the health.和酒对于健康的影响很相似。There are some very poor uses of wine.喝酒可能会造成很糟糕的结果,There are some very poor uses of games.玩也是。But when consumed in reasonable doses, and at the right age,但是如果在年龄合适的时候适当地喝一些,wine can be very good for health.酒可以很有利于健康。There are actually specific molecules that have been identified in red wine as leading to greater life expectancy.实际上,红酒已经被鉴定出含有能让人延年益寿的分子。So its the same way, like those action games have a number of ingredients that同样的,动作里也有能对大脑的可塑性,are actually really powerful for brain plasticity, learning, attention, vision, etc.学习,注意力,视力等方方面面有非常有力影响的成分。and so we need and were working on understanding what are those active ingredients所以我们现在需要做也正在做的就是了解这些积极的成分,so that we can really then leverage them to deliver better games,然后为了教育或病人的复原either for education or for rehabilitation of patients.真正地利用它们开发出更好的游戏。Now because we are interested in having an impact for education or rehabilitation of patients,既然我们关注的是对于教育和病人复原造成影响,we are actually not that interested in我们并不太关心那些how those of you that choose to play games for many hours on end perform.连续玩很多个小时的人的表现。Im much more interested in taking any of you我更感兴趣的是从你们中随便选一个人and showing that by forcing you to play an action game,然后明强迫你玩动作游戏I can actually change your vision for the better,能提高你的视力,whether you want to play that action game or not, right?不管你到底想不想玩动作游戏。Thats the point of rehabilitation or education.这也是医疗康复和教育的重点。Most of the kids dont go to school saying,大多数孩子不会上学的时候说;Great, two hours of math!;;太棒了!能上两个小时的数学课!;So thats really the crux of the research, and to do that, we need to go one more step.这也是做研究的难题,为了解决它,我们要往前再进一步。And one more step is to do training studies.而这往前的一步就是训练研究。So let me illustrate that step with a task which is called mental rotation.让我通过一个叫做“心智旋转”的任务告诉大家这一步到底是什么。Mental rotation is a task where Im going to ask you,心智旋转是一个要你们观察这个形状的任务,and again youre going to do the task, to look at this shape.这一次也需要大家都参与进来,Study it, its a target shape,看着它,这是我们的目标形状。and Im going to present to you four different shapes.现在我给你们看四个不同的形状。One of these four different shapes is actually a rotated version of this shape.这四个中的一个是由这个形状旋转得到的。I want you to tell me which one:我希望你们能告诉我是哪一个。the first one, second one, third one or fourth one?第一个,第二个,第三个还是第四个?Okay, Ill help you. Fourth one.好吧,这次我先公布,是第四个。One more. Get those brains working. Come on.再来一次。让你们的脑子动起来。Thats our target shape.这个是我们的目标形状。Third. Good! This is hard, right?第三个。很好!这有点难是吗?Like, the reason that I asked you to do that is because you really feel your brain cringing, right?我让大家做这个小游戏,就是因为它能让你们感到头脑在打结。It doesnt really feel like playing mindless action games.这和玩不需要动脑子的动作感觉不太一样。Well, what we do in these training studies is, people come to the lab,我们在训练研究中做的就是让来实验室的人they do tasks like this one,完成和这个任务类似的任务,we then force them to play 10 hours of action games.然后我们强迫他们玩十个小时的动作游戏。They dont play 10 hours of action games in a row.不是连续玩十个小时而是分散地玩,They do distributed practice, so little shots of 40 minutes several days over a period of two weeks.比如说在两周内的几天里每天花上40分钟。Then, once they are done with the training,然后等他们完成了训练,they come back a few days later and they are tested again on a similar type of mental rotation task.几天后再到实验室,并被测试相似类型的心智旋转任务的完成情况。201512/416864


  MRS. OBAMA: Hello! (Applause.) Well, hellothere. Yay, yay, yay! You guys rest. Sit yourselves down. Welcome to the White House – or the buildingacross the street from the White House. (Laughter.) It’s the samething. I am so glad you all could joinus as we celebrate African American History Month. And I want to thank Valerie for thatintroduction and for everything she’s doing to have our backs and to take careof stuff in this country every single day.I also want to give a bigshoutout to all the college students here from schools in and around D.C. andBaltimore. Yay to all of you. (Applause.) You’re working hard, right?STUDENTS: Yes.MRS. OBAMA: Getting the grades, right?STUDENTS: Yes.MRS. OBAMA: That’s all I’m going to say. (Laughter.) Very proud of you all. And I would also like torecognize all of you representing some of our country’s leading women’sorganizations. And, as Valerie said,thank you for being here today and working so hard to get folks signed up forhealth care over these past few months. This is a little bit of a reward for your hard work, right? Just a little something.And finally, I want to thank ourspecial guests that are here with us – Michele Norris from National PublicRadio, as well as the cast of “The Trip to Bountiful.” Blair Underwood – ah! (Laughter and applause.) Vanessa Williams – the men go, ah! (Applause.) Keke Palmer, my girl. (Applause.) And of course, theone and only Cicely Tyson. (Applause.) Yes, indeed! I told Ms. Tyson I’m trying to be like herwhen I grow up. (Laughter.) This is so exciting. It is a wonderful movie, and I am so thrilledthat we had the opportunity to show it here at the White House. And I had the pleasure of seeing the Broadwayplay last summer in New York with my girls, and we were blown away by thisstory of persistence and hope and the ties that bind us all together. It’s a story that makes us thinkback to the house we all grew up in, right; the things that our moms and dads,grandparents used to say to us, the path that all of us have taken to come hereand be who we are today. And nowheredoes that sense of home come through more clearly than in Ms. Tyson’s movingportrayal of Carrie Watts. That was alot of dialogue, that was a lot of monologue to remember. I can barely remember what I’m supposed to dothe next hour. (Laughter.) Impressive.This was a role Ms. Tyson hadbeen waiting to play for decades, and it’s a role that helped her win a TonyAward for Best Actress in a Play – and that’s in addition to all the otherOscar nominations and the three Emmys that she’s aly won. But Ms. Tyson’s story is about so much morethan honors and accolades. It is reallyabout character – can we say that again, young people – character anddetermination. And it’s about breakingbarriers not just for herself but for all of us who are blessed by herlegacy. Ms. Tyson grew up in the New YorkCity tenements, and her father was a carpenter and her mother cleanedhouses. And as a child, Ms. Tyson soldshopping bags on the street to help her family get by. And after she graduated from high school, shetook a job as a secretary, and then pursued modeling and acting. But this was the early ‘60s, and thereweren’t many roles for black women – still a challenge today. So Ms. Tyson took whatever parts she couldfind. Two of the first characters sheplayed on stage were prostitutes. Andsoon after, she was offered a third role – again, as a prostitute. But this time Ms. Tyson said no, because shebelieved that playing only those types of roles was demeaning not just to herbut to black women everywhere. And asshe later said – and these are her words – she said, “When I became aware ofthe kind of ignorance that existed, I made a very conscious decision that Icould not afford the luxury of just being an actress. I decided that I had some very importantthings to say, and that I would say them through my work.” She said, “There are people who wave bannersand picket,” she said, “my platform happens to be my work.”Now, just hear that, young folks,for a while, as you start pursuing your opportunities. There is more to your life than just pursuingyour own work. So much of what we all dowill impact everyone who follows us. Soin the decades that have followed Ms. Tyson, she has used her work to carrythat banner forward, even if it meant waiting years between roles until shefound one that was acceptable to her. But, as we all know, make no mistake, she found those roles. They found her. It was undeniable. She’s won accolades for her portrayals ofstrong, resilient women like Harriet Tubman, a sharecropper’s wife, KuntaKinte’s mother in the famous miniseries “Roots” – we all know “Roots,” we allgathered round to watch “Roots” – (applause) – and now, Carrie Watts. And that’s truly what we arecelebrating this month – those who moved us past ignorance with their wisdomand perseverance, those who demanded more from the world around them, and thosewho reached for higher standards through their life’s work, whether that’s as amovie star like Ms. Tyson or the millions of folks out there like Carrie Watts –folks who did their work in a classroom or in a congregation or around thekitchen table. Because it is that slow, grindingwork of progress that all too often, like Bountiful itself, goes unnoticed,almost forgotten. But we will neverforget, right? Because, as Carrie Wattssays from in front of her old house at the end of the movie, she said, “We’reall a part of this. We can never losewhat it’s given us.” And that’s what African AmericanHistory Month is all about. It’s abouthonoring those who came before us. It’sabout resolving to do our part to live up to that example. So let us all resolve today to do justthat. But let’s do that every day, notjust February. (Laughter.) There’s a lot of days in the year, let’s justkeep doing it. And we are counting on our youngpeople – let me just say for a moment – to take up that mantle. So in order to do that, you all have to beright. You have to have your stufftogether. You have to be clear of mindand clear of heart. You’ve got to beeducated, because we’re counting on you. We’re not going to solve these problems in our lifetimes, but we’regoing to pass them on to you. So that’swhy we’re so proud to have you here, and so proud to have you be a part of thisconversation. So I’m going to turn it over andlet you get to the business of talking, but I want to encourage all of you tofeel at home. Raise your hand, askquestions – especially our young people. Jump in, use your voices. Becausethis is a rare opportunity – do not be shy about it.And I want to thank you all forbeing here. I want to thank you all foreverything that you do for your families and for our communities and for ourcountry. We are so proud of you. And now, it is my pleasure to turn this stageover to my dear friend Michele Norris who is going to open things up for awonderful panel discussion with the cast. So thank you, guys. Have a good time, and God bless you all. (Applause.)201501/356820


  So yes, I was the kind of opposite of Bill Clinton, who tried marijuana but didnt inhale.于是我正好是比尔·克林顿的反面,他尝试过大麻,但没有吸入。See, I didnt try marijuana but I did inhale.而我呢,明白吗,我没有尝试,但吸入了。Every single day, second hand.每天都吸二手的。And strangely enough, every time I go into our bedroom. I mysteriously end up late for class.于是很奇怪地,每次我进入卧室,最后总神秘地以上课迟到而告终。I dont know how that happened? It was like dude, is it aly ten oclock?我也不知道为什么。哦,哥们,都十点了啊? 每次都是这样。So how many of you have lived with a Frank, or could be a Frank Gat?所以你们当中多少人跟弗兰克一起住过?或者类似性质的弗兰克?Having a roommate can be a recipe for disaster, but it also has a potential, for being the greatest friendship youll ever had.想要获得一场灾难的秘诀就是去弄个室友来,但这也有可能让你获得最好的友谊。See Frank, he didnt made it to second year.看看弗兰克,第二年他就没来。And I got two new roommates the second year. Stefen, and Jason.第二年我有了两个新的室友,司特芬和杰森。And to this day the three of us are the best friends.直到今天,我们三个都是最好的朋友。So going back to my analogy of east and west as roommates, do we want to be Frank, or do we want to be Stefen and Jason.所以,回到我对于东西方的比喻,我们想要成为弗兰克还是成为司特芬和杰森。And I think in this day in 2013, we should all be striving for the latter, shouldnt we?我想在今天2013年,我们都应该努力争取成为后者,不是吗?I mean, Im assuming that we all agree, that this is the goal we should all be striving for.我假设大家都同意我的观点,这是我们应该努力争取的目标。Now lets look at where we are in reality, recent headlines, in the media, include Foreign Policy magazine.那现在来看看现实中我们的情况,媒体中最近的标题,包括外交政策杂志。Chinas victim complex: Why are Chinese leaders so paranoid about the ed States?中国的受害者情结:为什么中国领导人总对美国抱有妄想症?Or the AFP the Agence France Press. Human rights in China worsening, US finds.或者是AFP 法新社说美国发现中国人权状况更差了。Bloomberg says on the cover of the magazine. Yes, the Chinese army is spying on you.彭社在杂志封面上说是的中国军队正在监视你。And its such a great, its such a great one that I just want to show you the cover of the magazine.标题有那么大,那么大,我很想给你们看看杂志的封面。Yes, be very afraid! OK?是啊,要当心啊!好吗?201506/383281

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