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2019年07月24日 06:02:04来源:好医大全

One-third of American adults are obese, a health crisis that is typically linked to eating too much food, eating the wrong kind of foods, and not getting enough exercise.三分之一的美国成年人肥胖,这是通常是与吃得太多、饮食不正确且没有得到足够锻炼有关的健康危机。But there are also psychological factors at play.但也有心理因素在起作用。New research from Florida State University shows that making people feel bad about their bodies actually increases the risk of obesity, rather than encouraging people to lose pounds.佛罗里达州立大学的新研究表明让人们对自己身体感觉失望实际上增加了肥胖的几率,而没有鼓励人们去减肥。Weight discrimination, also known as fat-shaming, includes teasing, bullying someone to lose weight, and other biases that appear in the workplace or relationships linked to weight.体重歧视,也称为肥胖羞辱,包括取笑,威逼别人去减肥,以及出现在工作场所或人际关系中与体重有关的其他偏见。More than 6,000 men and women from the U.S. participated in the four-year survey to test whether weight discrimination is associated with becoming obese or staying obese.来自美国的超过6000名男性和女性参加了为期四年的调查来测试体重歧视是否与变胖或者一直肥胖相关联。Subjects reported their experiences with weight and other types of discrimination that had been directed toward them between 2006 and 2010, and their body mass index was recorded at the start and end of the study.主题报道他们与体重有关的经历以及其他类型的歧视在2006年和2010年之间一直针对着他们,他们身体的质量指数在研究始末都被记录下了。Participants who were overweight at the beginning of the study were about 2.5 times more likely gain weight and become obese by follow-up if they reported weight discrimination, according to research published in the journal PLOS One on July 24.在研究开始就超重的参与者约2.5倍的可能体重增加,如果他们被报道体重歧视,后续会变成肥胖,据7月24日发表在《PLOS One》上的研究。Weight discrimination was equally harmful to participants who were aly obese. These participants ;were over three times more likely to remain obese at follow-up, rather than drop below the obesity threshold, than those who did not experience such discrimination,; according to the study.体重歧视对已经肥胖的参与者来说也同样有害。比那些没有经历这种歧视的人,这些参与者“超过三倍的可能在后续研究中保持肥胖,而不是低于肥胖阈值”,根据这项研究。;Weight discrimination is associated with behaviors that increase risk of weight gain, including excessive food intake and [lack of] physical inactivity,; the researchers conclude. ;Heightened attention to body weight is associated with increased negative emotions and decreased cognitive control.;“体重歧视与增加变胖风险的行为有关,包括过多的食物摄入量和缺乏身体锻炼,”研究者总结说。“高度重视体重与负面情绪积累以及减少认知控制有关。” /201308/250886。

  • Bride kidnapping, also known as marriage by abduction or marriage by capture, is a practice throughout history and around the world in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry. Some modern cultures maintain a symbolic kidnapping of the bride by the groom as part of the ritual and traditions surrounding a wedding, in a nod to the practice of bride kidnapping which may have figured in that culture’s history. According to some sources, the honeymoon is a relic of marriage by capture, based on the practice of the husband going into hiding with his wife to avoid reprisals from her relatives, with the intention that the woman would be pregnant by the end of the month.绑架新娘也被称为绑婚或者抢婚,就是一个男人绑架他想娶的女人。纵观历史和世界各地,抢婚是一个习俗。有些现代文明仍把新郎抢婚作为传统婚礼仪式的一部分,默默继承着这种或许出现在文化历史上的“绑架新娘子”的习俗。根据一些消息,蜜月是抢婚的延续,基于丈夫把他妻子隐藏起来,避免亲戚的“报复”,有意让妻子在当月底怀。 /201211/211342。
  • Christmas Cookie Recipe: Christmas Cutouts圣诞甜点秘方:圣诞形状甜饼“This is my favorite nostalgic, comfort-food, fun-to-make, low-fuss, lowbrow, high-calorie, non-snobby, yummy Christmas cookie of all time,” says Drummond.德拉蒙德说,“圣诞甜饼是我钟爱的高能量家常甜点,制作工艺简单有趣,饼干朴素美观,且味道可口。”“It comes from my mom, Gee, who used this simple but flavorful sugar cookie dough to make cookies for any occasion.”“这种饼干的设计理念来源于我的母亲Gee。过去,无论什么时候,她都能将这些常用但可口的甜点面团‘变’成一块块外表美观、味道可口的甜饼。”Time: 2 hour2小时Yields: About 30 cookies产量:约30块饼干Cookies甜饼制作的原料#8226; 2/3 cup shortening奶油(酥油)——2/3杯#8226; 3/4 cup sugar白糖——3/4杯#8226; 1/2 tsp. grated orange or lemon zest调味汁:磨碎的橘子或柠檬——半茶匙(译者注:这里橘子或柠檬磨碎了其实就是指榨汁)#8226; 1/2 tsp. vanilla extract香草精——半茶匙#8226; 1 egg鸡蛋——1个#8226; 4 tsp. milk牛奶——4茶匙#8226; 2 cups all-purpose flour家用面粉——2杯#8226; 1 and 1/2 tsp. baking powder发酵粉——1.5茶匙#8226; 1/4 tsp. salt盐——1/4茶匙Colorful Glaze上色原料#8226; 1 egg yolk蛋黄——1个#8226; Food coloring食用色素White Icing白色糖衣制作原料:#8226; 1 bag (2 lbs.) powdered sugar糖粉——1袋或2磅#8226; 1/4 cup milk牛奶——1/4杯1. In bowl of electric mixer fitted with paddle attachment, cream together shortening, sugar, orange or lemon zest, and vanilla on medium to medium-high speed. Add egg, and beat until light and fluffy. Add milk, and mix.1. 首先,将奶油、白糖、橘子或柠檬汁以及香草精放入电动搅拌机内,以中速或中高速搅拌至糊状,之后将鸡蛋打碎,倒入搅拌机内,搅拌至松软,最后再放入牛奶和混合剂。2. Sift together flour, baking powder, and salt, then blend into creamed mixture. Divide dough in half, slightly flatten between 2 sheets of waxed paper, and refrigerate for 1 hour (or freeze for 20 minutes).2. 之后,先将面粉、发酵粉和盐筛一遍,再放入之前做好的奶油混合物中,进行进一步的混合。将生面团一分为二,之后轻轻地将其打平,并放于两张蜡纸之间,放入冰箱中1小时(或放入冷冻室中20分钟)。(译者注:筛面粉、发酵粉和盐是为了避免杂质)3. Meanwhile, prepare Colorful Glaze: Combine egg yolk, 1 tsp. water, and food coloring as desired (for multiple colors, make multiple batches). When y to bake, preheat oven to 375°F.3. 在面团放入冰箱期间,准备好着色工作:将蛋黄、1茶匙水和食用色素按自己的需要进行混合(如果需要多种颜色的话,那么就进行多次混合)。当烘焙的原料都准备好时,将烤箱先预热至375华氏度(约191摄氏度)。4. Roll out dough onto 1/4-inch thickness on lightly floured surface. Cut dough into shapes with cookie cutters. Transfer shapes to lightly greased cookie sheets. With soft brush, paint cookies with Colorful Glaze as desired.4. 将面团揉至0.25英寸(0.635厘米)薄(注意,揉面团时,案板上记得撒上面粉),之后使用饼切(饼干模型切割刀)将面团制作成自己预先设计好的模样。再将这些饼干放到油纸上,最后根据自己的需要用软刷为饼干上色。5. Bake 6 to 8 minutes; do not allow cookies to brown. Remove cookies from oven and place on wire rack to cool complete.5. 将着好色的饼干放入烤箱中烘焙6-8分钟,千万别烤“糊”了哦!之后将饼干取出,放置于铁丝架上直至完全冷却。6. Meanwhile, prepare White Icing: In large bowl, whisk together powdered sugar and milk (mixture should be fairly thick). Put icing in pastry bag or ziplock bag with tip cut off. When cookies are completely cool, decorate as desired with icing.6. 同时,准备好白色糖衣。在大碗中,将糖粉和牛奶放在一起搅拌(其混合物应适当的薄一点)。之后将糖衣置于糕点裱装袋或是自封袋中,并将袋子的顶端剪掉。当饼干完全冷却之后,用糖衣好好“装饰”下饼干吧。 /201212/216534。
  • It#39;s a familiar scenario in many households: Hours after dinner, the stomach growls and the refrigerator beckons. Some diet experts suggest bedtime snacking leads to weight gain and poor-quality sleep. But is it always a no-no? One registered dietitian, Sharon Hoerr, a professor at Michigan State University#39;s Human Nutrition department, weighs in. 这在许多家庭都是一个常见的情况:晚饭过后几小时,肚子突然咕噜咕噜叫唤起来,冰箱开始诱惑着你。不过,一些饮食专家表示,睡前吃零食会导致体重上升和睡眠质量不佳。那么,是不是睡前绝对不能吃零食呢?密歇根州立大学(Michigan State University)人类营养学系教授、注册营养学家莎伦#8226;霍尔(Sharon Hoerr)加入了对这一问题的讨论。 The Binge Bulge 暴食增肥 Eating after 8 p.m. may increase the risk of obesity, according to a 2011 study at Northwestern University. A five-year study on weight changes in college students which Dr. Hoerr is working on also suggests that eating late disrupts sleep patterns. #39;Our data shows that those who got the most sleep were more likely to maintain a healthy weight,#39; she says. Researchers still don#39;t know all the reasons why poor sleep is correlated to weight gain. 西北大学(Northwestern University)2011年的一项研究表明,晚上八点后进食可能会加大肥胖风险。霍尔士展开了一项有关大学生体重变化情况的为期五年的研究,其研究也表明夜间进食会扰乱睡眠习惯。她说:“我们的数据表明,那些睡眠时间最长的人往往也更能保持健康的体重。”目前研究人员依然尚未了解睡眠不佳与体重增加有关联的全部原因。 Bad Snacks vs. Good Snacks 糟糕的睡前零食vs.有益的睡前零食 Specific foods, she says, interfere with sleep. Avoid anything high in tyramine, a naturally occurring chemical that helps regulate blood pressure and can keep you awake, at least an hour or two before bedtime, says Dr. Hoerr. This includes aged cheeses, processed meats and soy sauce. High-protein and fatty treats should also be avoided because they take longer to digest. The good news: Some foods, when eaten in small amounts (under 200 calories), may actually aid in quality sleep, and not add inches to the waistline. Unprocessed turkey and nonfat milk are both high in the amino acid tryptophan, which can be converted to serotonin and melatonin -- neurotransmitters that help promote good shut-eye. Foods high in the minerals magnesium (almonds), potassium (bananas) and calcium (low-fat yogurt) encourage muscle relaxation, and are OK to eat before bedtime. #39;The glucose in honey is easily digestible and comforting, which explains why a warm cup of milk sweetened with honey might be an ideal bedtime snack,#39; says Dr. Hoerr. 霍尔士指出,某些食物会干扰睡眠。至少在睡觉一小时或两小时前,不要进食任何富含酪胺的食品,这种自然产生的化学物质有助于调节血压,会让你保持清醒。此类食品包括陈年奶酪、加工肉制品和酱油等。此外,也不要进食高蛋白和脂肪含量高的食品,因为它们需要的消化时间比较长。好消息是,某些食物,如果进食量较少的话(低于200卡路里),实际上或许还有助于优质睡眠,而且它们也不会让你的腰身变粗。未经加工的火鸡肉和脱脂牛奶均富含色氨酸,它可转化为血清素和褪黑激素,而这些神经传递素可促进良好睡眠。此外,富含镁(杏仁)、钾(香蕉)和钙(低脂酸奶)这些矿物质的食物有助于放松肌肉,所以在睡前吃这些东西没问题。霍尔士说:“蜂蜜中的葡萄糖容易消化且让人感觉舒适,所以一杯加了蜂蜜的温牛奶会是理想的睡前零食。” Teenagers: The Exception 例外人群:青少年 When teens hit their growth spurt, they almost can#39;t eat enough, says Dr. Hoerr. #39;This is when you see an 11-year-old boy consuming more than the active man of the house,#39; she says. #39;He should have extra snacks, like those suggested. The snack should be finished more than an hour before he goes to sleep.#39; 霍尔士称,青少年在迅速长身体时几乎总是吃不够。她说:“在这个阶段你会发现11岁男孩的食量比家里的壮劳力还要大,他可以额外吃些零食,比如我们建议的那些零食,但他应该在睡前一小时以上就把它们吃完。” Eat Early, Not Late 尽早进食 How can you kick a late-night eating habit? Try breakfast. #39;If you don#39;t eat too close to bedtime, by morning, your liver has fully processed the sugar and fat and protein and your appetite is stimulated,#39; she says. Many of Dr. Hoerr#39;s overweight patients report to not eating anything until 3 p.m. and then they#39;ll cram in thousands of calories by midnight. Invariably, their sleep quality is disrupted, and they put on more weight. 如何才能摆脱深夜吃东西的习惯?你可以尝试吃早餐。霍尔士说:“如果你没在过于接近睡觉时间的时候吃东西,到了早晨你的肝脏就会完全处理掉糖分、脂肪和蛋白质,你的胃口会被调动起来。”她有许多超重病人都表示,他们在下午三点之前不吃任何东西,然后到了半夜大量摄入数千卡路里的热量。长此以往,他们的睡眠质量会遭到破坏,而且他们还会长胖。 /201307/249592。
  • Break-ups are never easy. Whether you were “just dating” or married, with or without kids, it hurts when a relationship ends. To spend time grieving is perfectly natural and healthy but there comes a time when your heart yearns to be healed.分手从来就不是一件容易的事。不论你只是约约会或是已经结了婚,也不论有没有孩子,当一段关系结束的时候,它总是伤人的。为了结束的感情难过这很正常,但这时也是你的心灵需要治愈的时候。The following 5 steps can help you begin down that path of healing.以下5个步骤帮助你开始这条愈合之路。1. It’s Not About You—Really, It’s Not不是你的问题,真的不是你的错You know that old saying “it’s not you, it’s me”? While we usually think of it as a cop-out, a way for someone to spare our feelings, the reality is that it is actually true. People act a certain way, make certain decisions, and choose to life their life a certain way because of their own desires and needs; not because of us.你知道那句古话“不是你的错,是我的错”吗?通常我们认为这种说法是一种逃避,也是一种舒缓我们感受的方式,而事实上这说法确实是对的。人们以特定的方式表现,做出特定的决定,选择他们想要的方式生活,因为他们有自己的欲望和需要,而不是因为我们!When someone is a jerk, or says something nasty, or leaves you, it is because of something going on inside of them. Please know that I am not excluding the influence of your own behavior that may have precipitated the break-up, but it comes down to the fact that your ex left because of their reactions and feelings surrounding that event and it may have been the right choice for them.当某人变成了个混蛋,说了难听的话,或是离开了你,那是因为他们内心起了变化。请明白我不是要排除你自己行为带来的影响,这些行为可能也触发了分手的发生,但事实可以归结为你的前任离开你是因为他们对待事情的反应和感受有了变化,而这样做对他们来说也许是一个正确的选择。Once a relationship ends, you can’t go back and change things no matter how much you want to, so it’s best to stop beating yourself up about the past. Forgive yourself for your part in the break up, learn lessons from it, and try not to take it personally. Realize that you are perfect just the way you are and there is someone out there who will agree.当一段关系结束,无论你有多想,你都回不去了,也改变不了任何事,所以关于过去,最好就是停止自责。宽容自己,从中吸取教训,尽量不要独自忍受痛苦。要知道以自己的方式做,你就是完美的,总有一个人会欣赏你这样的方式。2. This Too Shall Pass这一切都会过去I know it doesn’t seem like it now, but the pain will go away.我知道现在你不这么想,但疼痛总会消失。Allow yourself to really feel your feelings—wallow in them if you want—and know that they are temporary. Sometimes it’s good to think back to another time in your life where you felt broken, and then realize that it did, indeed, get better. This will too. If you have faith that these feelings will pass, that you will feel better someday, that day will arrive much sooner.让自己真正地体会感受,如果你想,你可以沉浸其中。但要清楚它们只是暂时的。有时回想过去你心痛的那一刻,然后意识到它确实会变好,这样的回想也是有好处的。如果你相信这些感觉也会过去,终有一天你也会变好,那么这一天就会来得早很多。3. Forgive amp; Pray原谅和祈祷You may be feeling some very negative emotions towards your ex, such as anger, resentment, and frustration, but harboring these feelings is only hurting one person—you. In order to save yourself, you need to forgive your ex. Now, I don’t mean you have to call them up and tell them they are forgiven (although you can if you want to), you just need to forgive them in your heart.对你的前任,也许你的内心充满了很多消极情绪,比如生气、怨恨和失望,但是怀着这些情绪只会伤害到一个人,就是你。为了拯救自己,你需要原谅你的前任。在这里,我不是说你要打电话给他们说你原谅他们了(当然如果你想的话,你可以这么做),你只需要在心里原谅他们就可以了。I have found that praying for that person helps with being able to forgive them and move on. Pray for their happiness and continued health and mean it when you say it. You should feel your anger and resentment getting less and less if you continue this practice. Doing this has the added benefit of showing yourself what a good person you really are. Hey, you even pray for those that hurt you, so you must be a loving, generous person who deserves love.我发现为那个人祈祷能帮助我们原谅他们并使自己继续前进。为他们的幸福和健康祈祷,当你说这些的时候,要认真地说。如果你保持练习,你应该感觉到愤怒和怨恨在变得越来越少。这样做还有其它好处,就是向别人展示你真的是一个很好的人。不是吧,你竟然祝福那些伤害你的人?你一定是个有爱心又慷慨的人,值得很多人爱慕。4. Live Life One Day at a Time珍惜每一天Concentrate on today, and focus on the present moment. It’s said that worry is like a rocking chair: it keeps you busy, but doesn’t get you anywhere. It’s time to stop worrying about the future and notice where you are today. Don’t worry about your sister’s wedding in 6 months and the fact that now you don’t have a date. Don’t worry about what will happen if you see him around town with another girl—just live for today, the rest will take care of itself. Be present for all the gifts the universe is trying to give you today.专注今天,专注当前。烦恼就像一把摇椅:它让你忙碌,但又让你原地踏步。是时候了,停止担忧未来,留意一下今天你在哪里。不要担心6个月后你就要结婚了,而现在的你连一个约会对象都没有。不要担心如果你在镇上看到他和另一个女孩在一起会发生什么。只为今天而活,其余的自会如常。今天这个世界给你的全部礼物就是当下。5. It’s All About Progress这些全是进步Life is hard: if it wasn’t, we would all be perfect people living in a perfect world. Give yourself kudos for any and all progress you make, since anytime you are able to move in a forward direction, that is worth celebrating. Keep track of all the progress you have made by keeping a journal of all your successes. Then, when you feel that you are going backwards, through it and you will realize just how far you have come.生活是艰难的,如果不是,那我们就是生活在一个完美世界里的完美的人。要表扬自己取得的任何进步,因为不论什么时候你都走在前进的道路上,这是值得庆祝的。要在日志本里记录你所有的成功,以此来记录你所取得的进步。然后当你觉得退步了,再读一遍,你就会意识到自己走了有多远。Final Thought最后的想法Healing your heart is really about healing your whole self, so be sure to take this opportunity to delve deeper into who you are and what you want. Start by appreciating the lessons you learned from the past, being present in the here and now, and using your power to create the future you want.治愈你的心,其实就是在治愈你整个人,因而一定要抓住这次机会深刻了解你是怎样的人,以及你想要什么。治愈之路始于感谢那些你从过去的经历中学到的教训;始于专注当下;始于发挥你的力量去创造你想要的未来。 /201303/227729。
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