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I found my Jetta Sportswagen TDI in 2013.I bought the car after extensive research, and it was exactly what I needed -- roomy but sporty, solid construction, room in the back for my dogs, excellent safety ratings, and the sweet, sweet gas-mileage-and-carbon-footprint cherry on top of that automotive sundae.I was seduced. I ;spreche die Deutsch.;The last couple of years I have raved to friends and family about my Jetta -- how I can drive to Chicago and back on one tank of gas. I loved how impressed my friends were by the panoramic sunroof.Even my parents liked this car.But in recent weeks, this love affair has soured.First there were the rumors, the sidelong glances, the whispers about whether my Jetta was really all it said it was.At first I thought, ;its just rumors. I trust your German engineering.;And when I doubted, Id lean back and enjoy the view out of my panoramic sunroof.But now, I know the truth.At first I called customer service but they couldnt help me. They said they didnt know anything and didnt know when theyd have any information to share.As more and more came out about the emissions cheat, I found myself slumping deeper into the drivers seat. I cant even enjoy the panoramic view anymore, and the whole time, I waited.I wanted to hear what Volkswagen had to say for itself. And then the letter came.Ill paraphrase…;Girl, I know you found out Ive been cheating, and I just want to tell you… Im sorry.I know I broke your heart and I promise, girl, Ill never do it again.Im trying hard to make things right -- to make things like they used to be -- but its gonna take time.So, please girl, be patient.Just wait and see. Ill be better.Girl, I know its hard to trust me again, but give me a chance and Ill prove myself to you.If you want to talk just call me, 1-800-822-8987 or email me, or visit this informative website.Baby, thank you for believing in me.;The signature is scanned, but they put it in blue ink so Id know they meant it.So here I am -- surrounded by a cloud of shame -- a gas tank full of broken promises -- and the sinking feeling that my resale value will never, ever be the same.201510/403210Sazerac recipe1/4 oz. absinthe2 oz rye whiskey1/4 oz. simple syrup3 dashes Peychauds bitterslemon peel garnishRinse a chilled old-fashioned glass with the absinthe. In a mixing cup, add ice, rye whiskey, simple syrup, and bitters. Stir the ingredients until well chilled. Strain the drink into the glass. Add the Lemon peel for garnish.Invented in the 1830s in New Orleans. Up until the 1870s, it was made with cognac and a few craft cocktail bars offer that alternative, but today its made with rye whiskey.For our Michigan Sazerac, Tammy Coxen with Tammys Tastings chose Journeyman Distillerys Last Feather Rye whiskey. The rye has Chicago origins, but is now produced in Three Oaks, Michigan. According to Journeymans website, ;The 90-proof whiskey is made from a blend of Midwestern rye and wheat with just a touch of barley added to round out the flavor.;The Sazerac is a simple cocktail. ;Its all about technique,; Coxen explains. You want to make sure youve got a glass thats chilled in advance before you rinse it with absinthe. Coxen actually uses a spray atomizer to coat the inside of the glass.Some recipes call for muddling a sugar cube soaked in bitters and a splash of water to sweeten the drink. Simple syrup does the same thing and the drink will taste no different.Dont shake a Sazerac. Stir it.Finally, dont forget the lemon peel garnish. Its very important. Theres something magical about the mingling of the licorice aroma of the absinthe and the scent of the lemon peel and its expressed oils. Some bartenders throw away the peel after expressing the oils into the drink. Leave it in. Its pretty and it smells good.201604/439296Scottish engineering苏格兰的工程From ships to satellites从轮船到卫星的发展How high-end engineering escaped industrial meltdown高端工程如何在崩溃的产业中逃过一劫Box me up Scotty把我组装成箱,苏格兰人SCOTLAND may not have broken off from Britain last year, but at least it got into space. Overshadowed by the ballyhoo over the referendum, the first satellite built in Scotland, UKube-1 (pictured below), was launched. The same dimensions as a boxed bottle of whisky, it was assembled on the banks of the river Clyde in central Glasgow by the countrys first satellite manufacturer, Clyde Space. It is but one example of Scotlands surprisingly healthy engineering industry.苏格兰去年未脱离英国,但至少进了太空。它大肆宣扬全民公决独立与否一事,声势之大,盖过其制造的第一颗卫星UKuble一号发射太空。该卫星大小与威士忌装盒相同,由英国首位卫星制造商克莱德航天公司在格拉斯哥中部的克莱德河河岸上组装而成,是苏格兰唯一健康发展的工程。The clean room where Clyde Space makes its satellites affords an excellent view of Govan, once a centre of world shipbuilding and now a reminder of how quickly huge industries can collapse. Rather than trying to build everything, therefore, as the Clyde shipyards used to, Craig Clark, the founder of Clyde Space, is trying to master one small, but growing, niche of his industry. He builds only the smallest satellites, often costing as little as ,000 (33,000) each, and also makes parts for bigger ones. The company was the first such to sell its products online. Mr Clarks firm, which employs 45 people, turned over 3m this year, and expects to double that next year.克莱德航天公司制造卫星的地方宽敞明亮,可以欣赏到高湾的美景。高湾曾是世界轮船制造中心,而如今只是庞大工业迅速崩溃的受害者。因此,克莱德航天公司创始人克雷格·克拉克努力掌握航天业中不断发展的小众业务。他仅制造微小型卫星,每颗的花费通常只有5万美元(3.3万英镑),同时还制作稍大卫星的零部件。该公司是同行中首个在网上销售产品的公司。克拉克的公司共有45名职工人员,今年的营业额为300万英镑,预计明年营业额翻一番。A few big engineering firms remain in Scotland, such as Babcock Marine and Thales, both of which supply defence equipment. But most of the countrys 7,500 engineering companies belong to a long, thin tail. Often family-owned and generations old, the best of them combine technological savvy with a strong entrepreneurial spirit. Often, they are niche manufacturers to the world.苏格兰仍有柏布考克海事集团(Babcock Marine)、泰利斯(Thales)等一些大型工程企业,这两家企业皆销售国防设备。然而,在英的7500家工程企业中,大部分都不成气候。而其中的精英往往是世代相传的家族企业,它们将技术方面的悟性与强烈的企业精神进行结合,往往是世界上精准定位的制造商。One such is Castle Precision Engineering, in south-west Glasgow. It started out in 1951 making machines for the giant local Singer sewing-machine factory, then moved into car parts, medical equipment and aerospace—now its biggest market. On March 9th it created the fastest wheels ever made, for the “Bloodhound” car that will try to set a new land speed record next year. The wheels are strong enough to take a driver to 1,000mph in 55 seconds, rotating 177 times a second.格拉斯哥西南部的城堡精密工程公司即为其一。该公司始创于1951年,为当地胜家牌大型缝纫机厂生产设备,之后转向汽车零部件、医疗设备以及现在最大的市场——航空航天产品的生产。3月9日,该公司为“寻血猎犬”汽车制造出史上最快车轮,该车明年将倾力创造陆地行驶速度的新纪录。车轮功能强大,汽车完全可以在55秒内达到1000英里的时速,且车轮每秒旋转177次。In one respect, these firms are exceptions to the British rule. In a kingdom with a balance-of-trade deficit in goods amounting to fully 10 billion a month, they are fierce exporters. Castle sends about one-third of its wares abroad. Another niche firm, Clark Tracks, which makes caterpillar tracks for forestry vehicles, sells 90% of its products to Europe. Overall, engineering and technology companies account for over one-quarter of Scotlands exports.一方面,这些企业不符合英国的规则。英国的商品贸易逆差每月高达100亿英镑,而这些企业的出口量极大。城堡公司三分之一的商品出口国外,另一家小型公司Clark Tracks(克拉克履带公司)生产林用车履带,其中90%的产品销往欧洲。总体而言,工程技术公司占有苏格兰出口量的四分之一。But in another way they illustrate a familiar weakness in British industry. The countrys firms tend to remain small or medium-sized—smaller than the German Mittelstand of export-orientated businesses. Even before the financial crisis Scotlands small engineering companies found it hard to raise money locally to expand. Some looked overseas instead. Clark Tracks was bought in 2007 by a Swedish company. The defence giant Thales acquired the illustrious old Glaswegian firm of Barr and Stroud in 2000. Its factory, now employing about 700 people, still specialises in submarine periscopes and optronics for the military.但另一方面,这些企业自身具有英国工业的普遍缺陷。英国企业往往保持中小型规模,但小于德国中小型出口企业。金融危机爆发之前,苏格兰的小型工程企业发现难以在当地筹集用于扩大规模的资金。有些企业将目光转向海外。2000年,国防设备生产大户泰利斯买下格拉斯哥著名老牌公司斯特劳德,其工厂现有700名工人,继续从事军用潜艇潜望镜和光电产品的专项生产。2007年,瑞典一家企业收购Clark Tracks。Now change is coming to Scottish engineering, via the North Sea. The oil and gas industry is both a blessing and a curse for engineers. It is a big market for their products, but it also competes fiercely for labour. Glasgow-based companies complain about the shortage of skilled workers even more than do firms elsewhere in Britain. Yan Tiefenbrun, the boss of Castle, got involved in the Bloodhound project to create publicity, hoping talent would be drawn to his apprenticeship scheme. The current woes of Aberdeens offshore industry, facing tumbling oil prices and squeezed margins, could be a boon for the countrys other engineers.但是,苏格兰工程即将借助北海迎来转机。油气工业对工程商来说是福亦是祸。这一巨大市场可用来销售其产品,但对于劳动力的竞争也很激烈。在格拉斯哥,投诉技术工人无法胜任工作的企业数量居全国之首。城堡公司老板Yan Tiefenbrun为了提高企业知名度,参与了“寻血猎犬”工程,同时希望为其学徒计划招揽人才。亚伯丁海上石油开采业当前面临油价下跌、收益缩水,它们的祸可能是英国其他工程商的福。翻译:石海霞 校对:周雨晴 译文属译生译世 /201503/366029

A geostationary satellite orbitsthe planet at the same rate asthe planet rotates, so the satellite is always over the same patchof ground.同步卫星以行星旋转的速度绕着行星运动,所以卫星总是处在地面同一块地方的上空。Cool! you say. Id like to have one of those about twenty feet over my house.你会说,好酷!我宁愿有一个离我们房子只有二十英尺的卫星。Sadly, geos onlywork easily at one distance:不幸地,同步卫星只能在同一个高度工作,22,500 miles up.Why is that?22,500 米的高空。为什么?Other satellites can have different orbits, cant they?其他卫星有不同的轨道,他们有吗?Yes, they can. But thats because they can also move at different speeds.是的,他们有。那是因为他们能以不同的速度运动,A geo doesnt have thatoption-by definition it must orbit at the same speed as the earth turns.而同步卫星没有那样的选择 他必须与地球自转同速运动。And that speeddetermines how high up it must be!运动速度决定了他必须在的高度。A satellite has to move at a certain speed to balance out gravity; otherwise it wont stay in orbit.卫星必须以某一确定速度运动来平衡我们的重力;否则将不能保持在同一轨道上。Now, a geo must move at the speed the earth turns.现在,同步卫星必须以地球自转的速度同速运动。If you put it in a very low altitude, that speed wouldnt be enough to balance gravity.如果处于很低的高度,卫星的速度将不足以平衡重力。Go higher, though, and gravity gets weaker.高度越高,重力越小。At 22,500 miles, gravity will be just weak enough sothat a satellite moving at the speed of the earths rotation will stay in orbit without help.在22,500的高空,重力小到可以使卫星在没有帮助的情况下与地球同速运动,并且始终在同一轨道上。Of course, if you wanted to have a geo at a different altitude, you could always attach rockets toit and have them push continuously.当然,如果你想有一个在不同高度的同步卫星,可以把卫星附在火箭,让火箭不断推动卫星前进。But thats a pretty expensive option. At 22,500 miles,nothing else is required.但是,这是相当昂贵的选择。在22500的高空,其他什么东西都不需要。201411/340145

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